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MCSA Windows Server 2016 Study Guide: Exam 70-740



MCSA Windows Server 2016 Study Guide: Exam 70-740

William Panek

ISBN: 978-1-119-35947-0 May 2017 432 Pages

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The bestselling MCSA 70-470 study guide, updated for the latest exam

MCSA Windows Server 2016 Study Guide is your ultimate resource for Exam 70-740. Covering 100% of all exam objectives, this study guide goes far beyond concept review with real-world scenarios containing expert insights, chapter review questions, hands-on practice exercises while the Sybex interactive learning environment provides additional last minute review through practice exams, electronic flashcards, and searchable glossary. This new edition has been fully updated to align with the Windows Server 2016 exam, featuring authoritative coverage of installation, configuration, server roles, Hyper-V, core network services, Active Directory, Group Policy, security, remote access, disaster recovery, and more.

The vast majority of servers around the world use Windows Server, and the 2016 release includes a host of new features and updates. This study guide has been updated to prepare you for these changes so you can be confident on exam day and beyond.

  • Study 100% of Exam 70-740 objectives
  • Gain hands-on practice performing critical tasks
  • Link concept to practice through real-world scenarios
  • Access to the Sybex interactive learning environment

Whether you want to sit for the exam, or simply improve your job performance, this Sybex study guide will give you the expert insight to learn the key concepts and latest updates to Windows Server 2016.

Related Resources

Introduction xxi

Assessment Test xxxii

Chapter 1 Installing Windows Server 2016 1

Features and Advantages of Windows Server 2016 2

Planning the Windows Server 2016 Installation 6

Server Roles in Windows Server 2016 6

Migrating Roles and Features to Windows Server 2016 10

Deciding Which Windows Server 2016 Versions to Use 11

Deciding on the Type of Installation 13

NIC Teaming 16

Installing Windows Server 2016 17

Activating and Servicing Windows 31

Key Management Service 32

Automatic Virtual Machine Activation 33

Active Directory–Based Activation 34

Servicing Windows Server 2016 34

Using Windows Deployment Services 35

Preparing the WDS Server 36

WDS Server Requirements 36

Network Services 37

Installing the WDS Server Components 37

Preparing the WDS Client 39

Understanding Features On Demand 39

Summary 41

Video Resources 41

Exam Essentials 41

Review Questions 42

Chapter 2 Installing in the Enterprise 45

Understanding Automated Deployment Options 46

An Overview of the Microsoft Deployment

Toolkit 2013 Update 2 47

An Overview of Unattended Installation 55

An Overview of the System Preparation Tool and Disk Imaging 57

Overview of the Windows Assessment and Deployment Kit 61

Windows Imaging and Configuration Designer 62

Summary of Windows Server 2016 Deployment Options 62

Deploying Unattended Installations 64

Using the System Preparation Tool to Prepare an Installation for Imaging 65

Using Windows Imaging and Configuration Designer (Windows ICD) to Create a Disk Image 67

Installing from a Disk Image 69

Using the Deployment Image Servicing and Management Tool 70

Using Windows System Image Manager to Create Answer Files 73

Microsoft Assessment and Planning (MAP) Toolkit 75

Understanding Hyper-V 77

What Is Virtualization? 78

Linux and FreeBSD Image Deployments 78

Summary 79

Video Resources 80

Exam Essentials 80

Review Questions 81

Chapter 3 Configuring Storage and Replication 85

Understanding File Systems 86

Resilient File System (ReFS) 87


Storage in Windows Server 2016 91

Initializing Disks 91

Configuring Basic and Dynamic Disks 92

Managing Volumes 94

Storage Spaces in Windows Server 2016 95

Redundant Array of Independent Disks 96

Mount Points 99

Microsoft MPIO 100

Configuring iSCSI Target 102

Internet Storage Name Service 103

Implement Thin Provisioning and Trim 105

Fibre Channel 106

Network Attached Storage 106

Virtual Disk Service 106

Understanding Data Center Bridging 108

Configuring Permissions 109

Understanding SMB 109

Understanding NTFS 110

Understanding Shared Permissions 112

How NTFS Security and Shared Permissions Work Together 114

Understanding NFS Shares 116

Configuring Disk Quotas 118

Windows PowerShell 120

Using Server Manager 125

Booting from a VHD 126

Understanding Data Deduplication 127

Backup and Restoring Deduplicated Volumes 128

Installing and Enabling Data Deduplication 129

Monitoring Data Deduplicated 132

Summary 132

Video Resources 133

Exam Essentials 133

Review Questions 135

Chapter 4 Understanding Hyper-V 137

Hyper-V Overview 139

What Is Virtualization? 139

Hyper-V Features 140

Hyper-V Architecture 145

Hyper-V Requirements 147

Hyper-V Installation and Configuration 148

Install the Hyper-V Role 148

Hyper-V in Server Manager 151

Using Hyper-V Manager 152

Configure Hyper-V Settings 153

Manage Virtual Switches 154

Managing Virtual Hard Disks 157

Configuring Virtual Machines 162

Creating and Managing Virtual Machines 162

Linux and FreeBSD Image Deployments 175

PowerShell Commands 179

Summary 182

Video Resources 183

Exam Essentials 183

Review Questions 185

Chapter 5 Configuring High Availability 187

Components of High Availability 188

Achieving High Availability 189

High Availability Foundation 190

Understanding Network Load Balancing 191

NLB Requirements 193

Installing NLB Nodes 193

Upgrading an NLB Cluster 198

PowerShell Commands for a NLB Cluster 199

Achieving High Availability with Hyper-V 200

Implementing a Hyper-V Replica 201

Understanding Live Migration 205

Implementing Storage Migration 208

PowerShell Commands for Hyper-V High Availability 210

Summary 211

Video Resources 212

Exam Essentials 212

Review Questions 213

Chapter 6 Understanding Clustering 215

Achieving High Availability with Failover Clustering 216

Failover Clustering Requirements 218

Workgroup and Multi-domain clusters 219

Site-Aware, Stretched, or Geographically Dispersed

Clusters (Geoclustering) 220

Cluster Quorum 220

Validating a Cluster Configuration 223

Creating a Cluster 228

Clustered Application Settings 231

Resource Properties 233

Windows Server 2016 Clustering Features 236

PowerShell Commands for Clustering 239

Implementing Storage Spaces Direct 241

The Benefits of Storage Spaces Direct 243

Deployment options 243

Requirements to Set Up Storage Spaces Direct 244

Storage Spaces Direct using Windows PowerShell 245

Summary 247

Video Resources 247

Exam Essentials 247

Review Questions 248

Chapter 7 Configuring Windows Containers 251

Understanding Windows Containers 252

Container Terminology 253

Install and Configure Server Containers 253

Install and Configure Windows Containers 260

Tagging an Image 265

Uninstall an Operating System Image 265

Creating New Images Using Dockerfile 266

Understanding Hyper-V Containers 268

Managing Container Networking 269

Using Docker Hub Repository 270

Using Microsoft Azure for Images 271

Contents xvii

Using PowerShell for Containers 271

Summary 273

Video Resources 274

Exam Essentials 274

Review Questions 275

Chapter 8 Maintaining Windows Server 277

Configuring Windows Server Updates 278

Windows Update 279

Using Windows Server Update Services 282

Understanding Backups 297

Overview of the Windows Server 2016 Backup Utility 298

Setting Up an Active Directory Backup 303

Restoring Active Directory 306

Active Directory Recycle Bin 308

Understanding the ntdsutil Utility 309

Wbadmin Command-Line Utility 310

Backing Up Virtual Machines 311

PowerShell Commands 312

Summary 314

Video Resources 315

Exam Essentials 315

Review Questions 316

Chapter 9 Understanding Monitoring 319

Overview of Windows Server 2016 Performance Monitoring 321

Using Windows Server 2016 Performance Tools 323

Introducing Performance Monitor 323

Using Other Monitoring Tools 332

Summary 347

Video Resources 348

Exam Essentials 348

Review Questions 349

Appendix Answers to the Review Questions 351

Chapter 1: Installing Windows Server 2016 352

Chapter 2: Installing in the Enterprise 352

Chapter 3: Configuring Storage and Replication 353

Chapter 4: Understanding Hyper-V 354

Chapter 5: Configuring High Availability 355

Chapter 6: Understanding Clustering 356

Chapter 7: Configuring Windows Containers 357

Chapter 8: Maintaining Windows Server 357

Chapter 9: Understanding Monitoring 358

Index 361