DescriptionThe Magnesium Technology Symposium, which takes place every year at the TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition, is one of the largest yearly gatherings of magnesium specialists in the world. Papers are presented in all aspects of the field, ranging from primary production to applications to recycling. Moreover, papers explore everything from basic research findings to industrialization. Magnesium Technology 2011 covers a broad spectrum of current topics, including alloys and their properties; cast products and processing; wrought products and processing; forming, joining, and machining; corrosion and surface finishing; ecology; and structural applications. In addition, you'll find coverage of new and emerging applications in such areas as biomedicine and hydrogen storage.
About the Editor.
About the Organizers.
Magnesium Technology 2011.
Magnesium in North America: A Changing Landscape (S. Slade).
Global Magnesium Research: State-of-the-Art and What's Next? (K. Kainer).
Environmental Challenges for the Magnesium Industry (R. Brown).
Predicting Mg Strength from First-principles: Solid-solution Strengthening, Softening, and Cross-slip (D. Trinkle, J. Yasi, andL. Hector).
Biodegradable Magnesium Implants - How Do They Corrode in-vivo? (F. Witte, N. Hort, and F. Feyerabend).
The Next Generation of Magnesium Based Material to Sustain the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Policy (F. D'Errico, G Garces, and S. Fare).
JIM INTERNATIONAL SCHOLAR AWARD WINNER: Fracture Mechanism and Toughness in Fine- and Coarse-Grained Magnesium Alloys (H. Somekawa, A. Singh, and T. Mukai).
Primary Production; Characterization and Mechanical Performance.
The Development of the Multipolar Magnesium Cell: A Case History of International Cooperation in a Competitive World (O. Sivilotti).
Effect of KC1 on Liquidus of LiF-MgF2 Molten Salts (S. Yang, F. Yang, X. Hu, Z. Wang, Z. Shi, andB. Gao).
Efficiency and Stability of Solid Oxide Membrane Electrolyzers for Magnesium Production (E. Gratz, S. Pati, J. Milshtein, A. Powell, and U. Pal).
Magnesium Production by Vacuum Aluminothemic Reduction of A Mixture of Calcined Dolomite and Calcined Magnesite (W. Hu, N. Feng, Y. Wang, and Z. Wang).
Multiphase Diffusion Study for Mg-Al Binary Alloy System (Y. Kim, S. Das, M. Paliwal, and I. Jung).
Experiments and Modeling of Fatigue of an Extruded Mg AZ61 Alloy (J. Jordon, J. Gibson, and M. Horstemeyer).
Low-Cycle Fatigue Behavior of Die-Cast Mg Alloy AZ91 (L. Rettberg, W. Anderson, andJ. Jones).
Small Fatigue Crack Growth Observations in an Extruded Magnesium Alloy (J. Bernard, J. Jordon, and M. Horstemeyer).
Applicability of Mg-Zn-(Y, Gd) Alloys for Engine Pistons (K. Okamoto, M. Sasaki, N. Takahashi, Q. Wang, Y. Gao, D. Yin, and C. Chen).
Compressive Creep Behaviour of Extruded Mg Alloys at 150 °C (M. Fletcher, L. Bichler, D. Sediako, andR. Klassen).
The Effect of Thermomechanical Processing on The Creep Behavior and Fracture Toughness of Thixomolded Am60 Alloy (Z. Chen, A. Shyam, J. Howe, J. Huang, R. Decker, S. LeBeau, and G Boehlert).
Casting and Solidification.
Simulation of Porosity and Hot Tears in a Squeeze Cast Magnesium Control Arm (C. Beckermann, K. Carlson, J. Jekl, andR. Berkmortel).
Dendritic Microstructure in Directional Solidification of Magnesium Alloys (M. Amoorezaei, S. Gurevich, andN. Provatas).
Microstructures and Casting Defects of Magnesium Alloy Made by a New Type of Semisolid Injection Process (Y. Murakami, N. Omura, M. Li, T. Tamura, S. Tada, andK. Miwa).
Macrostructure Evolution in Directionally Solidified Mg-RE Alloys (M. Salgado-Ordorica, W. Punessen, S. Yi, J. Bohlen, K. Kainer, andN. Hort).
Microstructure and Mechanical Behavior of Cast Mg AZ31-B Alloy Produced by Magnetic Suspension Melting Process (N. Rimkus, M. Weaver, andN. El-Kaddah).
Investigations on Hot Tearing of Mg-Zn-(Al) Alloys (L. Zhou, Y. Huang, P. Mao, K. Kainer, Z. Liu, andN. Hort).
Proportional Strength-Ductility Relationship of Non-SF6 Diecast AZ91D Eco-Mg Alloys (S. Kim).
Estimation of Heat Transfer Coefficient in Squeeze Casting of Magnesium Alloy AM60 by Experimental Polynomial Extrapolation Method (Z. Sun, X. Niu, and H. Hu).
Wide Strip Casting Technology of Magnesium Alloys (W. Park, J. Kim, I. Kim, andD. Choo).
Microstructural Analysis of Segregated Area in Twin Roll Cast Mg Alloy Sheet (J. Kim, W. Park, andD. Choo).
Development of the Electromagnetic Continuous Casting Technology for Mg Alloys (J. Park, M. Kim, J. Kim, G. Lee, U. Yoon, and W. Kim).
Alloy Design/Development: Grain Refinement and Severe Plastic Deformation.
Effect of Zn/Gd Ratio on Phase Constitutions in Mg-Zn-Gd Alloys (S. Zhang, G Yuan, C. Lu, and W. Ding).
Optimization of Magnesium-Aluminum-Tin Alloys for As-Cast Microstructure And Mechanical Properties (X. Kang, A. Luo, P. Fu, Z. Li, T. Zhu, L. Peng, and W. Ding).
Thermodynamic Analysis of As-cast and Heat Treated Microstructures of Mg-Ce-Nd Alloys (M Easton, S. Zhu, M. Gibson, J. Nie, J. Groëbner, A. Kozlov, andR. Schmid-Fetzer).
Compressive Strength and Hot Deformation Behavior of TX32 Magnesium Alloy with 0.4% Al and 0.4% Si Additions (K. Rao, Y. Prasad, K. Suresh, C. Dharmendra, N. Hort, and K. Kainer).
An Analysis of the Grain Refinement of Magnesium By Zirconium (P. Saha, andS. Viswanathan).
Study on the Grain Refinement Behavior of Mg-Zr Master Alloy and Zr Containing Compounds in Mg-10Gd-3Y Magnesium Alloy (G. Wu, M. Sun, J. Dai, and W. Ding).
The Effect of Rare Earth Elements on the Texture and Formability of Shear Rolled Magnesium Sheet (D. Randman, B. Davis, M. Alderman, G Muralidharan, T. Muth, W. Peter, T. Watkins, and O. Cavin).
Improvement of Strength and Ductility of Mg-Zn-Ca-Mn Alloy by Equal Channel Angular Pressing (L. Tong, M. Zheng, S. Xu, P. Song, K. Wu, and S. Kamado).
Deformation Behavior of a Friction Stir Processed Mg Alloy (Q. Yang, S. Mironov, Y. Sato, andK. Okamoto).
Effect of Heat Index on Microstructure and Mechanical Behavior of Friction Stir Processed AZ31 (W. Yuan, andR. Mishra).
Strengthening Mg-Al-Zn Alloy by Repetitive Oblique Shear Strain (T. Mukai, H. Somekawa, A. Singh, and T. Inoue).
High-Temperature Alloys; High-Strength Alloys: Precipitation.
Creep and Elemental Partitioning Behavior of Mg-Al-Ca-Sn Alloys with the Addition of Sr (J. TerBush, O. Chen, J. Jones, and T. Pollock).
Effect of Mn Addition on Creep Property in Mg-Al-2Ca Systems (T. Homma, S. Nakawaki, K. Oh-ishi, K. Hono, andS. Kamado).
The Effect of Precipitate State on the Creep Performance of Mg-Sn Alloys (M. Gibson, X. Fang, C. Bett les, and G Hutchinson).
Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Mg-Zn-Y-M (M: Mixed RE) Alloys with LPSO Phase (J. Kim, and Y. Kawamura).
Application of Neutron Diffraction in Characterization of Texture Evolution During High-Temperature Creep in Magnesium Alloys (D. Sediako, S. Shook, S. Vogel, and A. Sediako).
Improved Processing of Mg-Zn-Y Alloys Containing Quasicrystal Phase for Isotropie High Strength and Ductility (A. Singh, Y. Osawa, H Somekawa, and T. Mukai).
Precipitation Hardenable Mg-Ca-Al Alloys (J. Jayaraj, C. Mendis, T. Ohkubo, K. Oh-ishi, and K. Hono).
Microstructure, Phase Evolution and Precipitation Strengthening of Mg-3.lNd-0.45Zr-0.25Zn Alloy (G Atiya, M. Bamberger, and A. Katsman).
Precipitation Process in Mg-Nd-Zn-Zr-Gd/Y Alloy (J. Li, G. Sha, P. Schumacher, and S. Ringer).
Mechanical Properties and Microstructures of Twin-roll Cast Mg-2.4Zn-0.lAg-0.lCa-0.16Zr Alloy (C. Mendis, J. Bae, N. Kim, and K. Hono).
The Solidification Microstructure and Precipitation Investigation of Magnesium-rich Alloys Containing Zn and Ce (C. Zhang, A. Luo, and Y. Chang).
Deformation Mechanisms I.
Crystal Plasticity Analysis on Compressive Loading of Magnesium with Suppression of Twinning (T. Mayama, T. Ohashi, K. Higashida, and Y. Kawamura).
Crystal Plasticity Modeling of Pure Magnesium Considering Volume Fraction of Deformation Twinning (Y. Tadano).
Nucleation Mechanism for Shuffling Dominated Twinning in Magnesium (S. Kim, H. ElKadiri, and M. Horstemeyer).
On the Impact of Second Phase Particles on Twinning in Magnesium Alloys (M. Barnett, N. Stanford, J. Geng, and J. Robson).
Influence of Crystallographic Orientation on Twin Nucleation in Single Crystal Magnesium (C. Barrett, M. Tschopp, H. El Kadiri, and B. Li).
Twinning Multiplicity in an AM30 Magnesium Alloy Under Uniaxial Compression (Q. Ma, H. El Kadiri, A. Oppedal, J. Baird, and M. Horstemeyer).
Inhomogeneous Deformation of AZ31 Magnesium Sheet in Uniaxial Tension (J. Kang, D. Wilkinson, and R. Mishra).
Limitation of Current Hardening Models in Predicting Anisotropy by Twinning in HCP Metals: Application to a Rod-textured AM30 Magnesium Alloy (A. Oppedal, H. El Kadiri, C. Tome, J. Baird, S. Vogel, and M. Horstemeyer).
Deformation Behavior of Mg from Micromechanics to Engineering Applications (E. Lilleodden, J. Mosler, M. Homayonifar, M. Nebebe, G. Kim, and N. Huber).
Effect of Substituted Aluminum in Magnesium Tension Twin (K. Solanki, A. Moitra, and M. Bhatia).
Deformation Mechanisms II; Formabilitv and Forming.
Influence of Solute Cerium on the Deformation Behavior of an Mg-0.5wt.% Ce Alloy (L. Jiang, J. Jonas, and R. Mishra).
Texture Weakening Effect of Y in Mg-Zn-Y System (S. Farzadfar, M. Sanjari, I. Jung, E. Es-Sadiqi, and S. Yue).
In-Situ Scanning Electron Microscopy Comparison of Microstructure and Deformation Behavior between WE43-F and\VE43-T5 Magnesium Alloys (T. Sano, J. Yu, B. Davis, R. DeLorme, andK. Cho).
A Molecular Dynamics Study of Fracture Behavior in Magnesium Single Crystal (T. Tang, S. Kim, M. Horstemeyer, and P. Wang).
Microstructural Relationship in the Damage Evolution Process of an Az61 Magnesium Alloy (M. Lugo, J. Jordon, M. Horstemeyer, and M. Tschopp).
Formability Enhancement in Hot Extruded Magnesium Alloys (R. Mishra, A. Gupta, R. Sikand, A. Sachdev, and L. Jin).
Deformation and Evolution of Microstructure and Texture during High Speed Heavy Rolling of AZ31 Magnesium Alloy Sheet (T. Sakai, A. Hashimoto, G. Hamada, and H. Utsunomiya).
Formability of Magnesium Sheet ZE10 and AZ31 with Respect to Initial Texture (L. Stutz, J. Bohlen, D. Letzig, and K. Kainer).
Hot Workability of Alloy WE43 Examined using Hot Torsion Testing (F. Polesak, B. Davis, R. DeLorme, and S. Agnew).
Enhancement of Superplastic Forming Limit of Magnesium Sheets by Counter-Pressurizing (W. Bang, H. Lee, H. Kim, and Y. Chang).
Microstructural Evolution during Roller Hemming of AZ31 Magnesium Sheet (A. Levinson, R. Mishra, J. Carsley, R. Doherty, and S. Kalidindi).
The Warm Forming Performance of Mg Sheet Materials (P. Krajewski, P. Friedman, andJ. Singh).
New Applications (Biomedical and Other).
Current Research Activities of Biomédical Mg Alloys in China (Y. Zheng).
Design Considerations for Developing Biodegradable Magnesium Implants (H. Brar, B. Keselowsky, M. Sarntinoranont, and M. Manuel).
Coating Systems for Magnesium-Based Biomaterials - State of the Art (M. Staiger, and J. Waterman).
Corrosion, Surface Modification and Biocompatibility of Mg and Mg Alloys (S. Virtanen, and B. Fabry).
Magnesium Alloys For Bioabsorbable Stents: A Feasibility Assessment (C. Deng, R. Radhakrishnan, S. Larsen, D. Boismier, J. Stinson, A. Hotchkiss, J. Weber, T. Scheuermann, and E. Petersen).
Processing Aspects of Magnesium Alloy Stent Tube (R. Werkhoven, W. Sillekens, and K. van Lieshout).
Ballistic Analysis of New Military Grade Magnesium Alloys for Armor Applications (T. Jones, andK. Kondoh).
Mg17Al12 Intermetallic Prepared by Bulk Mechanical Alloying (K. Sakuragi, M. Sato, T. Honjo, and T. Kuji).
Corrosion Behaviour of Mg Alloys in Various Basic Media: Application of Waste Encapsulation of Fuel Decanning from UNGG Nuclear Reactor (D. Lambertin, A. Blachere, F. Frizon, and F. Bart).
Advanced Materials and Processing.
Characterization of Hot Extruded Mg/SiC Nanocomposites Fabricated by Casting (S. Nimityongskul, N. Alba-Baena, H. Choi, M. Jones, T. Wood, M. Sahoo, R. Lakes, S. Kou, and X. Li).
Effects of Silicon Carbide Nanoparticles on Mechanical Properties and Microstructure of As-Cast Mg-12wt.% Al-0.2wt.% Mn Nanocomposites (H. Choi, H. Konishi, and X. Li).
Thermally-Stabilized Nanocrystalline Mg-Alloys (S. Mathaudhu, K. Darling, and L. Kecskes).
TiNi Reinforced Magnesium Composites by Powder Metallurgy (Z. Esen).
Nanocrystalline Mg-Matrix Composites with Ultrahigh Damping Properties (B. Anasori, S. Amini, V. Presser, and M. Barsoum).
Effect of Fiber Reinforcement on Corrosion Resistance of Mg AM60 Alloy-based Composites in NaCl Solutions (Q. Zhang, and H. Hu).
The Production of Powder Metallurgy Hot Extruded Mg-Al-Mn-Ca Alloy with High Strength and Limited Anisotropy (A. Elsayed, J. Umeda, and K. Kondoh).
Thermal Effects of Calcium and Yttrium Additions on the Sintering of Magnesium Powder (P. Burke, C. Petit, S. Yakoubi, and G. Kipouros).
Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Solid State Recycled Mg Alloy Chips (K. Matsuzaki, Y. Murakoshi, and T. Shimizu).
Corrosion and Coatings.
Salt Spray Corrosion of Mechanical Junctions of Magnesium Castings (S. Grassini, P. Matteis, G. Scavino, M. Rossetto, andD. Firrao).
Comparing the Corrosion Effects of Two Environments on As-Cast and Extruded Magnesium Alloys (H. Martin, C. Walton, J. Danzy, A. Hicks, M. Horstemeyer, and P. Wang).
Influence of Lanthanum Concentration on the Corrosion Behaviour of Binary Mg-La Alloys (D. Hoche, R. Campos, C. Blawert, and K. Kainer).
Cryogenic Burnishing of AZ31B Mg Alloy for Enhanced Corrosion Resistance (Z. Pu, G. Song, S. Yang, O. Dillon, D. Puleo, and I. Jawahir).
Advanced Conversion Coatings for Magnesium Alloys (S. Nibhanupudi, and A. Manavbasi).
Development of Zirconium-based Conversion Coatings for the Pretreatment of AZ91D Magnesium Alloy Prior to Electrocoating (J. Reck, Y. Wang, and H Kuo).
Use of an AC/DC/AC Electrochemical Technique to Assess the Durability of Protection Systems for Magnesium Alloys (S. Song, R. McCune, W. Shen, and Y. Wang).
Effects of Oxidation Time on Micro-arc Oxidized Coatings of Magnesium Alloy AZ91D in Aluminate Solution (W. Mu, Z. Li, J. Du, R. Luo, and Z. Xi).
Composite Coatings Combining PEO layer and EPD Layer on Magnesium Alloy (Y. Jiang, K. Yang, and Y. Bao).
Growth Kinetics of Y-Al12Mg17 and ß-Al3Mg2 Intermetallic Phases in Mg vs. Al Diffusion Coupes(S. Brennan, K. Bermudez, N. Kulkarni, and Y. Sohn).
Development and Characterization of New AZ41 and AZ51 Magnesium Alloys (M. Alam, H. Samson, A. Hamouda, Q. Nguyen, and M. Gupta).
Engineering a More Efficient Zirconium Grain Refiner For Magnesium (S. Viswanathan, P. Saha, D. Foley, andK. Hartwig).
Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Mg-1.7Y-1.2Zn Sheet Processed by Hot Rolling and Friction Stir Processing (V. Jain, J. Su, R. Mishra, R. Verma, A. Javaid, M. Aljarrah, andE. Essadiqi).
The Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Cast Mg-5Sn Based Alloys (M. Keyvani, R. Mahmudi, and G. Nayyeri).
Effect of Cooling Rate and Chemical Modification on the Tensile Properties of Mg-5wt. % Si Alloy (F. Mirshahi, M. Meratian, M. Zahrani, andE. Zahrani).
On Predicting the Channel Die Compression Behavior of HCP Magnesium AM30 using Crystal Plasticity FEM (Q. Ma, E. Marin, A. Antonyraj, Y. Hammi, H. El Kadiri, P. Wang, and M. Horstemeyer).
Investigation of Microhardness and Microstructure of AZ31 Alloy after High-Pressure Torsion (J. Vrâtnâ, M. Janecek, J. Strâsky, H. Kim, andE. Yoon).
Plastic Deformation of Magnesium Alloy Subjected to Compression-First Cyclic Loading (S. Lee, M. Gharghouri, andJ. Root).
Microstructure Evolution in AZ61L During TTMP and Subsequent Annealing Treatments (T. Berman, W. Donlon, R. Decker, J. Huang, T. Pollock, andJ. Jones).
Modeling the Corrosive Effects of Various Magnesium Alloys Exposed to Two Saltwater Environments (H. Martin, C. Walton, J. Danzy, A. Hicks, M. Horstemeyer, and P. Wang).
Corrosion Performance of Mg-Ti Alloys Synthesized by Magnetron Sputtering (Z Xu, G. Song, andD. Haddad).
Structure and Mechanical Properties of Magnesium-Titanium Solid Solution Thin Film Alloys Prepared by Magnetron-sputter Deposition (D. Haddad, G Song, and Y. Cheng).
Effect of Adding SiO2-Al2O3 Sol into Anodizing Bath on Corrosion Resistance of Oxidation Film on Magnesium Alloy(H. Liu, L. Zhu, and W. Li).
Monotonie and Fatigue Behavior of Mg Alloy in Friction Stir Spot Welds: An International Benchmark Test in the ""Magnesium Front End Research and Development"" Project (H. Badarinarayan, S. Behravesh, S. Bhole, D. Chen, J. Grantham, M. Horstemeyer, H. Jahed, J. Jordon, S. Lambert, H. Patel, X. Su, and Y. Yang).
Controlling the Biodegradation Rate of Magnesium-Based Implants through Surface Nanocrystallization Induced by Cryogenic Machining Implants through Surface Nanocrystallization Induced by Cryogenic Machining (Z. Pu, D. Puleo, O. Dillon, and I. Jawahir).
Author Index 643
“While symposium proceedings traditionally reflect the state-of-the-art and spirit of the age, may this volume become a valuable part of your reference library for the years to come and in retrospect mark a memorable period in advancing the field of magnesium technology.” (Int. Journal of Microstructure and Materials Properties, 1 January 2015)