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Magnetic Reconnection in Space and Laboratory Plasmas

Magnetic Reconnection in Space and Laboratory Plasmas

Edward W. Hones Jr. (Editor)

ISBN: 978-1-118-66422-3

Mar 2013, American Geophysical Union

386 pages

Select type: Online Book

Description

Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Geophysical Monograph Series, Volume 30.

Magnetic reconnection is now widely believed to be a crucial process in cosmic plasmas, being the means by which their magnetic topologies are determined and by which energy stored in magnetic fields is released rapidly to produce such phenomena as solar flares and magnetospheric substorms. Furthermore, reconnection has been found to play important roles in several areas of fusion research.

This monograph reviews the basic concepts of the magnetic reconnection phenomenon. It describes the observational and theoretical evidence for the occurrence of reconnection in space plasmas, and it discusses the roles of reconnection in laboratory plasmas where the reconnection process offers practical benefits in some magnetic fusion experiments. The book is based on a Chapman Conference on Magnetic Reconnection and contains most of the papers presented at the conference as well as much of the discussion of them. The conference was held at the Los Alamos National Laboratory October 3-7, 1983 and was attended by 130 scientists, citizens of more than a dozen countries.

HISTORICAL NOTE iii

PREFACE xi

THEORY OF MAGNETIC RECONNECTION

MAGNETIC FIELD RECONNECTION
W. I. Axford   1

SPONTANEOUS RECONNECTION
K. Schindler   9

FAST SPONTANEOUS RECONNECTION BY THE RESISTIVELY COUPLED RADIATIVE INSTABILITY
R. S. Steinolfson and G. Van Hoven 2O

STEADY STATE ASPECTS OF MAGNETIC FIELD LINE MERGING
Vytenis M. Vasyliunas 25

MAGNETIC RECONNECTION AND MAGNETIC ACTIVITY
E. N. Parker 32

THE ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELD FOR AN OPEN MAGNETOSPHERE
Walter J. Heikkila 39

QUASILINEAR EVOLUTION OF TEARING MODES DURING MAGNETIC RECONNECTION
W. Horton, T. Tajima, and Ricardo Galavo 45

GLOBAL SINGLE ION EFFECTS WITHIN THE EARTH'S PLASMA SHEET
Paul L. Rothwell and G. Kenneth Yates 51

MAGNETIC RECONNECTION AND ANOMALOUS TRANSPORT PROCESSES (A)
J. F. Drake 61

COMPARISON OF AN ANALYTICAL APPROXIMATION FOR PARTICLE MOTION IN A CURRENT SHEET WITH PRECISE NUMERICAL CALCULATIONS (A)
T. W. Speiser and L. R. Lyons 62

RECONNECTION IN ASTRONOMICAL OBJECTS

MAGNETIC RECONNECTION AT THE SUN
E. R. Priest 63

MAGNETIC RECONNECTION IN COMETS
Malcolm B. Niedner, Jr. 79

RECONNECTION IN THE JOVIAN MAGNETOSPHER (EA)
A. Nishida 90

FINE-SCALE STRUCTURE OF THE JOVIAN MAGNETOTAIL CURRENT SHEET (A)
K. W. Behannon 91

RECONNECTION AT EARTH'S MAGNETOPAUSE

MAGNETIC FIELD RECONNECTION AT THE MAGNETOPAUSE: AN OVERVIEW
B. U. O. Sonnerup   92

EVIDENCE OF MAGNETIC MERGING FROM LOW-ALTITUDE SPACECRAFT AND GROUND-BASED EXPERIMENTS
Patricia H. Reiff   104

PLASMA AND PARTICLE OBSERVATIONS AT THE MAGNETOPAUSE: IMPLICATIONS FOR RECONNECTION
Gotz Paschmann   114

RECONNECTION AT THE EARTH'S MAGNETOPAUSE: MAGNETIC FIELD OBSERVATIONS AND FLUX TRANSFER EVENTS
C. T. Russell   139

RECENT INVESTIGATIONS OF FLUX TRANSFER EVENTS OBSERVED AT THE DAYSIDE MAGNETOPAUSE
R. P. Rijnbeek, S. W. H. Cowley, D. J. Southwood, and C. T. Russell   145

A DUAL-SATELLITE STUDY OF THE SPATIAL PROPERTIES OF FTEs
M. A. Saunders, C. T. Russell, and N. Sckopke   153

THE RELATION OF FLUX TRANSFER EVENTS TO MAGNETIC RECONNECTION (A)
J. D. Scudder, K. W. Ogilvie, and C. T. Russell, J. Berchem and C. T. Russell   154

SURVEY OF ION DISTRIBUTIONS IN FLUX TRANSFER EVENTS (A)
P. W. Daly, M. A. Saunders, R. P. Rijnbeek, N. Sckopke, and E. Keppler   155

PATTERNS OF MAGNETIC FIELD MERGING SITES ON THE MAGNETOPAUSE (A )
J. G. Luhmann, R. J. Walker, C. T. Russell, N. U. Crooker, J. R. Spreiter, and S. S. Stahara   156

ISEE-3 PLASMA MEASUREMENTS IN THE LOBES OF THE DISTANT GEOMAGNETIC TAIL: INFERENCES CONCERNING RECONNECTION AT THE DAYSIDE MAGNETOPAUS (EA)
J. T. Gosling   157

RECONNECTION IN EARTH'S MAGNETOTAIL

RECONNECTION IN EARTH' S MAGNETOTAIL: AN OVERVIEW
A. Nishida   159

MAGNETOTAIL ENERGY STORAGE AND THE VARIABILITY OF THE MAGNETOTAIL CURRENT SHEET
D. H. Fairfield   168

PLASMA SHEET BEHAVIOR DURING SUBSTORMS
Edward W. Hones, Jr.   178

STREAMING ENERGETIC ELECTRONS IN RECONNECTION EVENTS
John W. Bieber   185

PARTICLE AND FIELD SIGNATURES OF SUBSTORMS IN THE NEAR MAGNETOTAIL
D. N. Baker   193

IMPLICATIONS OF THE 1100 UT MARCH 22, 1979, CDAW6 SUBSTORM EVENT FOR THE ROLE OF MAGNETIC RECONNECTION IN THE GEOMAGNETIC TAIL
T. A. Fritz, D. N. Baker, R. L. McPherron, and W. Lennartsson   203

SUBSTORM ELECTRIC FIELDS IN THE EARTH' S MAGNETOTAIL
C. A. Cattell and F. S. Mozer  208

ENERGETIC IONS AND ELECTRONS AND THEIR ACCELERATION PROCESSES IN THE MAGNETOTAIL
Finnfred Scholer  216

THE DISTANT GEOMAGNETIC TAIL IN THEORY AND OBSERVATION
S. W. H. Cowley  228

ISEE 3 MAGNETIC FIELD OBSERVATIONS IN THE MAGNETOTAIL: IMPLICATIONS FOR RECONNECTION
G. L. Siscoe, D. G. Sibeck, J. A. Slavin, E. J. Smith, B. T. Tsurutani, and D. E. Jones  240

BOUNDARY LAYERS OF THE EARTH'S OUTER MAGNETOSPHERE
T. E. Eastman and L. A. Frank  249

>35 keV ION OBSERVATIONSF ROM ISEE-3 IN THE DEEP TAIL (A)
P. W. Daly, T. R. Sanderson, and K.-P. Wenzel  263

COMPUTER MODELING

THREE-DIMENSIONAL COMPUTER MODELING OF DYNAMIC RECONNECTION IN THE MAGNETOTAIL: PLASMOID SIGNATURES IN THE NEAR AND DISTANT TAIL
Joachim Birn  264

EXTEPdIALLY DRIVEN MAGNETIC RECONNECTION
Raymond J. Walker and Tetsuya Sato  272

COMPUTER MODELING OF FAST COLLISIONLESS RECONNECTION
J. N. Leboeuf, F. Brunel, T. Tajima, J. Sakai, C. C. Wu, and J. M. Dawson  282

THE NONLINEAR TEARING MODE
G. Van Hoven and R. S. Steinolfson  292

ON THE CAUSE OF X-LINE FORMATION IN THE NEAR-EARTH PLASMA SHEET:
RESULTS OF ADIABATIC CONVECTION OF PLASMA-SHEET PLASMA
G. M. Erickson  296

NUMERICAL SIMULATION OF THE DAYSIDE RECONNECTION (A)
M. Hoshino and A. Nishida  303

COMMENTS ON SIMI3LATION OF ANOMALOUS REFISTIVITY (A)
J. W. Dungey  304

LABORATORY PLASMAS

RECONNECTION DURING THE FORMATION OF FIELD REVERSED CONFIGURATIONS
Richard D. Milroy  305

DRIVEN MAGNETIC RECONNECTION DURING THE FORMATION OF A TWO-CELL FIELD-REVERSED CONFIGURATION
E. Sevillano and F. L. Ribe  313

RECONNECTION IN SPHEROMAK FORMATION AND SUSTAINMENT
James H. Hammer  319

THE ROLE OF MAGNETIC RECONNECTION PHENOMENA IN THE REVERSED-FIELD PINCH
D. A. Baker  332

RECONNECTION IN TOKAMAKS
V. K. Pare  341

A PLASMOID RELEASE MECHANISM THAT COULD EXPLAIN THE SUBSTORM'S IMPULSIVE EARTHWARD DIVERSION OF CROSS-TAIL CURRENT
A. Bratenahl and P. J. Baum  347

LABORATORYE XPERIMENTS ON CURRENTS HEET DISRUPTIONS, DOUBLEL AYERS, TURBULENCE AND RECONNECTION (A)
W. Gekelman and R. Stenzel  355

MAGNETIC RECONNECTION IN DOUBLETS( A)
Torkil H. Jensen  356

APPRAISALS, UNANSWERED QUESTIONS, FUTURE DIRECTIONS

SOME COMMENTS ON SOLAR RECONNECTION PROBLEMS
Ronald G. Giovanelli  357

DRIVEN AND NON-DRIVEN RECONNECTION; BOUNDARY CONDITIONS
W. I. Axford  360

COMMENTS ON NUMERICAL SIMULATIONS
T. Sato  362

DEFINITION OF SPONTANEOUS RECONNECTION
K. Schindler  365

ASTROPHYSICAL IMPLICATIONS OF RECONNECTION
Jonathan Arons  366

VALIDITY OF THE PETSCHEK MODEL
D. Biskamp  369

SOLAR FLARES: AN EXTREMUM OF RECONNECTION
Stirling A. Colgate  372

EVIDENCE FOR THE OCCURRENCE  AND IMPORTANCE OF RECONNECTION BETWEEN
THE EARTH'S MAGNETIC FIELD AND THE INTERPLANETARY MAGNETIC FIELD
S. W. H. Cowley  375

NOW CONSIDER DIFFUSION
J. W. Dungey  379

DEFINITION OF A SUBSTORMP,H YSICALP ROCESSEINS A SUBSTORM AND SOURCES OF DISCOMFORT
G. Rostoker  380

THE LAST WORDS
V. M. Vasyliunas  385