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Man-Made Lakes: Their Problems and Environmental Effects

Man-Made Lakes: Their Problems and Environmental Effects

William C. Ackermann (Editor), Gilbert F. White (Editor), E. B. Worthington (Editor), J. Loreena Ivens (Associate Editor)

ISBN: 978-1-118-66411-7

Mar 2013, American Geophysical Union

847 pages

Select type: O-Book

Description

Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Geophysical Monograph Series, Volume 17.

This volume presents 113 technical papers drawn from the International Symposium on Man-Made Lakes, Their Problems and Environmental Effects, Knoxville, Tennessee, May 3-7, 1971. Some excellent papers were omitted in order to present in the space of one volume those papers most directly concerned with the man-made water body as opposed either to more remote upstream and downstream relationships or to topics equally applicable to natural water bodies. The multidisciplinary character of the symposium also was a guide to selection. The summary papers presented by principal speakers at the plenary sessions are included, but these have been abbreviated to avoid repetition of factual material in the papers that follow.

Foreword WILLIAM C. ACKERMANN vii
Preface WILLIAM C. ACKERMANN ix

CHAPTER 1: Summary of Symposium and Recommendations 3

CHAPTER 2: Case Studies of Major Man-Made Lakes
Section: World and National Registers
World Register on Man-Made Lakes  E. FELS AND R. KELLER 43
Artificial Lakes of Romania PETRE GASTESCU AND ARIADNA BREIER 50
Biological, Chemical, and Related Engineering Problems in Large Storage Lakes of
Tasmania HENRY H. MCFIE 56
Man-Made Lakes in South India S. V. GANAPATI 65
Man-Made Lakes in Ivory Coast P. LESSENT 74
Section: Volta Lake, Ghana
Volta Lake in Relation to the Human Population and Some Issues in Economics and
Management  E. A. K. KALITSI 77
Volta Lake: Physical and Biological Aspects LETITIA E. OBENG 87
People in a Rapidly Changing Environment: The First Six Years of Volta Lake
B. W. TAYLOR 99
Sociologic Aspects of Fishery Development on Volta Lake D. A. P. BUTCHER 108
Early Development of the Fish Populations and Fisheries of Volta Lake
WILLIS A. EVANS AND JOHN VANDERPUYE 114
Limnological Observations during the Early Formation of Volta Lake in Ghana S. BISWAS 121
Entomological Aspects of Trypanosomiasis at Volta Lake . F . A. S. KUZOE 129
Section: Lake Kariba, Zambia and Southern Rhodesia
Lake Kariba: Early History and South Shore . M. I. VAN DER LINGEN 132
Lake Kariba: The UNDP Program and North Shore LEONARD S. JOERIS 143
Results of Fish Population Size Assessments in Lake Kariba Coves (Zambia), A Decade after
Their Creation EUGENE K. BALON 149
Potamodromesis in the Mwenda River, Lake Kariba A. P. BOWMAKER 159
Supply of Plant Nutrient Chemicals in Lake Kariba DAVID S. MITCHELL 165
Section: Great Man-Made Lake of Bhakra, India K. L. RAO AND B. R. PALTA 170
Section: Lake Brokopondo P. LEENTVAAR 186
Section: Kainji Lake, Nigeria SALAH EL-DIN EL-ZARKA 197
Section: Lake Mead, A Case History DALE A. HOFFMAN AND AL R. JONEZ 220
Section: Lake Nasser P. C. RAHEJA 234
Section: Effect of the Rybinsk Reservoir on the Surrounding Area
N. V. BUTORIN, S. L. VENDROV, K. N. DYAKONOV, A. YU. RETEYUM, AND V. I. ROMANENKO 246
Section: The TVA Experience: 1933-1971 REED A. ELLIOT 251

CHAPTER 3: Physical Systems
Section: Hydrology and Hydraulics
Summary: Hydrology and Man-Made Lakes K. SZESZTAY 259
Experience on Hydrologic Substantiation of Projected Reservoirs A. A. SOKOLOV 264
Hydrometeorological Studies of Lakes Victoria, Kyoga, and Albert
K. V. KRISHNAMURTHY AND A. M. IBRAHIM 272
Retardation of Evaporation from Open Water Storages ES. P. KUMARASWAMY 278
Accuracy for the Computation of Water Balance of a Large Reservoir of the USSR
Z. A. VIKULINA AND T. D. KASHINOVA 283
Seepage Losses from Lake Nasser TAHER ABU WAFA AND AZIZ HANNA LABIB 287
Fall and Rise of Lago del Oro REMY L. A. DE JONG 292
Influence of a Very Large Number of Small Reservoirs on the Annual Flow Regime of a
Tropical Stream PIERRE DUBREUIL AND GEORGES GIRARD 295
Mechanics of Flow through Man-Made Lakes WALTER O. WUNDERLICH AND REX A. ELDER 300
Stratified Reservoir Density Flows Influenced by Entering Streamflows L. S. SLOTTA 311
Some Results of 20-Year Network Observations on Currents in Tchudsko-Pskovskoe Lake
T. N. FILATOVA AND T. O. KALEJARV 316
Hydraulic Transients in Man-Made Lakes
JEAN-PIERRE GRANJU, JACK GARRISON, AND JAMES PRICE 320
Movement of Heated Water Discharges from Power Plants in Man-Made Lakes
BARRY A. BENEDICT, EDWARD M. POLK, J R . , FRANK L. PARKER, LOUIS H. MOTZ,
AND JOHN E. EDINGER 327
Selective Withdrawal as a Water Quality Management Tool for Southwestern Impoundments
E. GUS FRUH AND HERMAN M. CLAY, J R  335
Section: Sedimentation
Summary: Sedimentation of Reservoirs LOUIS M. GLYMPH 342
Reservoir Sedimentation Surveys in the United States
F. E. DENDY, W. A. CHAMPION, AND R. B. WILSON 349
Accumulation of Debris in Water Storage Reservoirs of Central Europe  JERZY CYBERSKI 359
Reservoir Sedimentation Studies D. C. BONDURANT AND R. H. LIVESEY 364
Sedimentology of Whites Creek Delta in Watts Bar Lake, Tennessee
THOMAS R. WORSLEY AND JOHN M. DENNISON 368
Sediment Studies Pertaining to Small-Reservoir Design
JOHN W. ROEHL AND JOHN N. HOLEMAN 376
Sediment and Nutrient Research on Selected Corn Belt Reservoirs,
H. G. HEINEMANN, R. F. HOLT, AND D. L. RAUSCH 381
A Unique Sediment Depositional Pattern JOE M. LARA 387
Sediment Accumulation in Reservoirs of Moderate Size MELVILLE S. PRIEST 395
Section; Meteorology and Hydrometeorology
Summary: Interaction between Reservoirs and the Atmosphere and Its Hydrometeorological
Elements J. NEMEC 398
Effect on the Atmospheric Boundary Layer of Three Small Man-Made Prairie Lakes
in Alberta. R. M. HOLMES 406
Cooling Pond Fog Prediction Model Y. J . TSAI AND D. R. DE HARPPORTE 421
Applications of Nimbus Satellite Imagery to the Monitoring of Man-Made Lakes
HANS J . ACKERMANN AND GEORGE A. RABCHEVSKY 429
Section: Seismic Effects
Summary: Geophysics Report J. P. ROTHE 441
Earthquakes in the Koyna Region and Common Features of the Reservoir-Associated
Seismicity HARSH K. GUPTA, B. K. RASTOGI, AND HARI NARAIN 455
Seismic Activity and Reservoir Filling at Oroville and San Luis Dams, California
RENNER B. HOFMANN 468
Reservoir Seismic Effects WENDELL V. MICKEY 472

CHAPTER 4: Biological Systems
Section: Physical Limnology
Summary: Physical Limnology of Man-Made Lakes B. R. ALLANSON 483
Stratification and Circulation in Kainji Lake F. HENDERSON 489
Man-Made Lakes and the Changing Limnological Environment in Australia
W. D. WILLIAMS 495
A Limnological Reconnaissance of Lake Gorewada, Nagpur, India
S. U. HUSSA1NY AND M. K. ABDULAPPA 500
Limnological Studies of Ambazari Reservoir, Nagpur, India, in Relation to Water Quality
K. P. KRISHNAMOORTHI, ANURADHA GADKARI, AND M. K. ABDULAPPA 507
Quality of Water of Man-Made Lakes in India
I. C. DOS M. PAIS-CUDDOU, N. C. RAWAL, AND K. R. AGGARWAL 513
Limnological Basis for Modeling Reservoir Ecosystems MILAN STRASKRABA 517
Thermal Structure of the Artificial Reservoir TADASHI ARAI 536
Selective Withdrawal from Man-Made Lakes JOHN L. GRACE, JR. 539
Influence of Reservoir Discharge Location on the Water Quality, Biology, and Sport Fisheries
of Reservoirs and Tail Waters RICHARD H. STROUD AND ROBERT G. MARTIN 540
Reservoir Water Quality Control MARK ANTHONY AND GLENN DRUMMOND 549
A Big Lake Cooling System DANUTA JURAK AND ZDZISLAW KACZMAREK 552
Eutrophication of Small Reservoirs in the Great Plains
GARY L. HERGENRADER AND MARK J . HAMMER 560
Nitrogen Budgets of Great Plains Impoundments DALE W. TOETZ 567
Lake Destratification by Underwater Air Diffusion
HERBERT H. ROGERS, JULIAN J . RAYNES, FRANK H. POSEY, J R . , AND WILLIS E. RULAND 572
Effect of Induced Aeration on Stratification and Eutrophication Processes in an Oregon Farm
Pond K. W. MALUEG, J . R. TILSTRA, D. W. SCHULTS, AND C. F. POWERS 578
Section: Aquatic Ecosystems
Summary: Man-Made Lakes as Aquatic Ecosystems NORMAN G. BENSON 588
Preimpoundment Features of the Kainji Area and Their Possible Influence on the Ecology of
the Newly Formed Lake S. A. VISSER 590
Bureau of Reclamation Reservoirs and the Environment o. A. DOLVEN AND CURTIS O. NESS 596
Ecosystem of the Salton Sea JUHEE KIM 601
Aquatic Weeds in Man-Made Lakes DAVID S. MITCHELL 606
Ecological Effects of Evaporation Retardation Monolayers on Reservoirs
BOBBY G. WIXSON, WILLIAM J . CLARK, AND WILLIAM B. DAVIS 612
Preliminary Investigation into the Composition and Seasonal Variation of the Plankton in
Kainji Lake, Nigeria H. A. ADENUI 617
Zambia's Kafue Hydroelectric Scheme and Its Biological Problems E. WHITE 620
A Kinetic Model of Phytoplankton Growth and Its Use in Algal Control by Reservoir Mixing
GIJSBERT OSKAM 629
Evaluation of the Effect of Impoundment on Water Quality in Cheney Reservoir
J . C. WARD AND S. KARAKI 632

CHAPTER 5: Man-Made Lakes in Relation to Man
Section: Fisheries
Summary: Reservoirs in Relation to Man—Fisheries ROSEMARY H. LOWE-MCCONNELL 641
Ecological Comparison of the Preimpoundment and Postimpoundment Fish Faunas of the
River Niger and Kainji Lake, Nigeria A. LELEK AND S. EL-ZARKA 655
Catch of Fishes from Lake Nasser, Egypt, in the Early Years of Impoundment,
1966-1969 A. F. A. LATIF AND M. M. RASHID 661
Man-Made Lakes of Ceylon: A Biological Resource C. H. FERNANDO 664
Fishery Problems and Opportunities in the Mekong V. R. PANTULU 672
Evaluating the Effects of Discharge Rates, Water Levels, and Peaking on Fish Populations in
Missouri River Main Stem Impoundments NORMAN G. BENSON 683
Rise and Fall of Lake Apopka: A Case Study in Reservoir Mismanagement
ROBERT F. SCHNEIDER AND JOHN A. LITTLE 690
Artificial Circulation Enhances Multiple Use of Reclaimed Water at South Lake Tahoe
GARY A. BOULIER 695
Gas Supersaturation Problem in the Columbia River PETER B. BOYER 701
Section: Resettlement
Summary: Resettlement THAYER SCUDDER 707
Resettlement of People from Dam Reservoir Areas CHARLES A. P. TAKES 720
Resettlement Agriculture: An Experiment in Innovation E. K. AFRIYIE 726
Guidelines for Resettlement and Rehabilitation of Uprooted Agricultural Population in River
Valley Projects D. R. SIKKA 730
Forced Resettlement: Selected Components of the Migratory Process JERRY EIDEM 734
Section: Marginal Agriculture and Wildlife
Summary: Planning and Development of Marginal Agriculture, Watersheds, and Rural
Water D. R. SIKKA 738
Small Watershed Program: Its Status and Effects JOSEPH W. HAAS 743
Farm Ponds in the United States: A New Resource for Farmers ARTHUR J . HAWLEY 746
Man-Made Lakes and Wildlife Values JAMES B. TREFETHEN 750
Section: Health
Summary: Health Aspects of Man-Made Lakes A. W. A. BROWN AND J; O. DEOM 755
Health Problems of Man-Made Lakes: Anticipation and Realization, Kainji, Nigeria, and
Kossou, Ivory Coast *  B. B. WADDY 765
Section: Tourism
Summary: Outdoor Recreational Use of Man-Made Lakes  G. DOUGLAS HOFE, JR. 769
Economic Impact of Water-Based Recreation DANIEL D. BADGER 775
Perception, Attitude Change, and the Multiple Use of Domestic Water Supply Reservoirs
DUANE D. BAUMANN 783
Section: Shoreline and Terrestrial Features
Summary: Terrestrial Ecosystems ELWOOD A. SEAMAN 788
Evolution of Shoreline Features of Kainji Lake, Nigeria, and Lake Kariba, Zambia and
Southern Rhodesia L, BEVERLY HALSTEAD 792
Plants for Shoreline Erosion Control in Southern Areas of the United States W. C. YOUNG 798
Lake Bufley Griffin, Australia A. E. MINTY 804
Effects of Man-Made Lakes on Ecosystems .JOHN E. BARDACH AND BERNARD DUSSART 811
Section: Water Transportation on Man-Made Lakes . ; M. I. FOSTER 818
Section: Strategy of Archaeological Salvage WILLIAM Y. ADAMS 826
Section: Engineering Techniques
Summary: Engineering Management Techniques for Beneficial Use
JAMES M. SYMONS AND GORDON G. ROBECK 836
Estuarial Storage in the United Kingdom: Morecambe Bay O. GIBB AND J. CORLETT 838