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Management of Chemical and Biological Samples for Screening Applications

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$172.99

Management of Chemical and Biological Samples for Screening Applications

Mark Wigglesworth (Editor), Terry Wood (Editor)

ISBN: 978-3-527-64526-8 December 2012 432 Pages

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Description

Filling an obvious gap in the scientific literature, this practice-oriented reference is the first to tie together the working knowledge of large
screening centers in the pharmaceutical and biotechnological field. It spans the entire fi eld of this emerging discipline, from compound
acquisition to collection optimization for specific purposes, to technology and quality control. In so doing, it applies two decades of expertise gathered by several large pharmaceutical companies to current and future challenges in high-throughput screening. With its treatment of libraries of small molecules as well as biobanks containing biomolecules, microorganisms and tissue samples, this reference is universally applicable for any molecular scientist involved in a large screening program.
PREFACE
INTRODUCTION TO SAMPLE MANAGEMENT

GENERATING A HIGH-QUALITY COMPOUND COLLECTION
Defining Current Screening Collections
Design Criteria for Enriching a Compound Collection with Drug-Like Compounds
Concluding Remarks

ASSESSING COMPOUND QUALITY
Introduction
Process Quality and Analytical Quality in Compound Management
Identity
Purity/Stability
Concentration/Solubility
Conclusions

DELIVERING AND MAINTAINING QUALITY WITHIN COMPOUND MANAGEMENT
Introduction
What is Quality from a Compound Management Perspective?
Storage and Delivery of Samples in Solution
Intercepting Low Purity
Storage and Delivery of Solids
Automation Quality Control and Reliability
High-Quality Data Management
Conclusion

OBTAINING AND MAINTAINING HIGH-QUALITY TISSUE SAMPLES: SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL CONSIDERATIONS TO PROMOTE EVIDENCE-BASED BIOBANKING PRACTICE (EBBP)
Introduction
The Path toward Integration of Evidence-based Biobanking Practice
Integrating Evidence-based Biobanking Practice into Sample Protocols
Final Thoughts and Recommendations

THINKING LEAN IN COMPOUND MANAGEMENT LABORATORIES
The Emergence of 'Lean Thinking'
The Application of 'Lean Thinking'
Lean Thinking in Drug Discovery
A Lean Laboratory Toolbox
Streamlining Compound Processing -
An Example
Summary


APPLICATION OF SUPPLY MANAGEMENT PRINCIPLES IN SAMPLE MANAGEMENT
Introduction
Common Pitfalls of Sample Management
Sample Management and Supply Chain Concepts
Implementing the Sample Management Strategy
Sample Management Organization
Sample Management Informatics
Avoid Monolithic Silos of Excellence
Position and Synchronize Inventory
Expand the Sample Management Boundary
Measuring and Assessing Effectiveness and Quality
Conclusions

SOLID SAMPLE WEIGHING AND DISTRIBUTION
The Practicalities and Technology of Weighing Solid Compounds
Logistical Challenges of Transportation of Small Molecules

MANAGING A GLOBAL BIOLOGICAL RESOURCE OF CELLS AND CELLULAR DERIVATIVES
Introduction
Diversity of Collections
Sourcing and Acquisition
Authentication and Characterization
Cryopreservation, Storage, and Production
Data Management
Quality and Standards
Order Fulfillment and Distribution
Offsite Biorepository Management
Regulatory and Legal Compliance
Ownership and Intellectual Property Management
Collaborations
Conclusion

DEVELOPMENT OF AUTOMATION IN SAMPLE MANAGEMENT
Introduction
Historical Background
Automation of Sample Management Today
System Building Blocks
Storage Systems
Liquid Handler
Accessories
Plate Handling, Integration
Case Study: Evolution of a Compound Management Group
Results

APPLICATIONS OF ACOUSTIC TECHNOLOGY
Introduction
Compound-Handling Challenges in Drug Discovery
Acoustic Drop Ejection -
Performance, Quality Assurance, and Platform Validation
Acoustic-Assisted Compound Solubilization and Mixing
Acoustic Applications in Drug Discovery
Emerging Applications

ENHANCING BIOREPOSITORY SAMPLE INTEGRITY WITH AUTOMATED STORAGE AND RETRIEVAL
The Emerging Growth of Biobanking
Automated Storage and Retrieval in a Biorepository
Configuration of an Automated Biorepository
Conclusions

INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SYSTEMS FOR SAMPLE MANAGEMENT
Sample Registration
Intellectual Property and Laboratory Notebooks
Some Observations on Information Technology
Biological Data Management

KEY FEATURES OF A COMPOUND MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
Why Do We Need Compound Management Information Technology Systems?
Compound Management Software
Benefits of Commercially Available Compound Management Systems

WHAT DOES AN HTS FILE OF THE FUTURE LOOK LIKE?
Introduction
History of Compounds Collection for HTS
Impact of High-Throughput Chemistry on Corporate Files
Chemical Library Management
The Concept of Drug-Likeness and the Lipinski Rules
Quality versus Quantity
The Emergence of the Subsets: Fragment, G-Protein-CoupledReceptor (GPCR), Ion Channel, Kinase, Protein-Protein Interaction, Chemogenomics, Library Of Pharmacologically Active Compounds (LOPAC), Central Nervous System (CNS), and Diversity
Re-designing the Corporate File for the Future
Future Routes for Hit Identification

NEW ENABLING TECHNOLOGY
Introduction
A Drop-On-Demand Printer for Dry Powder Dispensing
Piezo Dispense Pens: Integrated Storage and Dispensing Devices and their Potential in Secondary Screening and Diagnostic Manufacturing
Future Directions in Acoustic Droplet Ejection Technology
Closing Remarks

THE IMPACT OF FUTURE TECHNOLOGIES WITHIN BIOBANKING
Introduction
The Role of Biobanks in Biomedical Research
The Increasing Complexity of Biobanking
Future Technologies and Biobanking: How Could New Technologies Affect the Daily Activities of Biobanks?
The Future of Biobanking Does Not Depend on Technological Developments Alone
Conclusions

OUTSOURCING SAMPLE MANAGEMENT
Outsourcing in the Pharmaceutical Industry
Outsourcing Biological Specimen Collections
Conclusions

SAMPLE MANAGEMENT YESTERDAY AND TOMORROW
The Role of Sample Management
Automation of Compound Management
Compound Integrity
Reduction of Redundancy
The Future of Sample Management?
Concluding Remarks

“In the same vein, the chapters on new and enabling technologies, as well as how best to approach the options for outsourcing samples serve to provide a complete overview of all aspects of this discipline and complete the overall picture for the reader.”  (ChemBioChem, 1 January 2013)

“The book is a useful tool for any sample management organization, and will be particularly helpful as a guide for both updating the already existing structures and for planning future infrastructures dedicated to sample management.”  (Annali, 2012)