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Manual Drafting for Interiors



Manual Drafting for Interiors

Christine Cavataio

ISBN: 978-1-118-12998-2 December 2011 160 Pages

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The interior designer's guide to effective hand drafting

The kinesthetic act of completing a manually drafted drawing gives interior designers a greater understanding of the space they're designing, time to reflect on their work, and the skills needed to quickly draw freehand for presentations and design concept developments.

Manual Drafting for Interiors is an essential reference for interior designers learning how to manually draft scaled floor plans, elevations, sections, and three-dimensional drawings. Clearly explaining techniques and methods, it begins with an explanation of drafting tools and their various uses, and then presents instructions and illustrations that indicate how to complete increasingly more difficult drafting conventions. Additionally, readers will learn drawing techniques for indicating various materials, symbols for coordinating related drawings, and architectural lettering.

Complemented with extensive drawings, inspiring examples, and tips for developing your own style of graphic expression, Manual Drafting for Interiors arms readers with essential skills they'll use throughout their career as a designer.

Related Resources

Preface vii

Acknowledgments ix

C H A P T E R 1 : Before Beginning 1

Key Terms and Phrases 1

About This Text 1

Chapter Descriptions 2

Drafting versus Freehand Drawing 4

What Skills Are Needed to Draft by Hand? 6

Why Learn Manual Drafting? 6

Three Critical Concepts 8

Expectations and Frustration 9

Assignments 11

C H A P T E R 2 : Getting Started 13

Key Terms and Phrases 13

Recommended Drafting Equipment and Supplies 14

Care of Tools 22

Setting Up the Drafting Surface and Starting Practice 23

Line Weights and Line Types 27

Assignments 29

C H A P T E R 3 : Understanding Orthographic Drawings 31

Key Terms and Phrases 31

Defining Orthographic Drawing 32

Orthographic Views for Interior Spaces 33

Understanding Orthographic Projection 40

Considerations for Creating Orthographic Views 40

Drafting Conventions 49

Assignments 51

C H A P T E R 4 : Learning Architectural Lettering 53

Key Terms and Phrases 53

Guidelines 53

Numbers 54

Letter Spacing 54

Line Spacing 55

Lettering With a Triangle 56

Stylistic Differences 57

Composing the Drawing Sheet 58

Assignments 61

C H A P T E R 5 : Adding Details 63

Key Terms and Phrases 63

Material Symbols 64

Line Weights for Details 66

Upholstered Furniture in Plan 67

Adding the Human Figure 67

Plants in the Interior 70

Windows in Elevation 70

Poché 71

Assignments 73

C H A P T E R 6 : Adding Dimensions and Notes 75

Key Terms and Phrases 75

Parts of a Dimension Line 75

Drawing Dimension Lines 77

Placement of Dimension Numbers 78

Dimensioning Variations 79

Notes in Drawings 80

Coordinating Dimensions and Notes 81

Assignments 83

C H A P T E R 7 : Developing a Set of Drawings 85

Key Terms and Phrases 85

Working Drawings 85

What Makes Multiple Sheets of Drawings a Set? 87

List of Drawings for Construction of an Interior 87

Symbols for Set Coordination 89

Making Elevation and Section Symbols 91

Steps to Developing a Set 92

Checking the Drawing Set 93

Assignments 94

C H A P T E R 8 : Drafting Three- Dimensional Drawings 97

Key Terms and Phrases 97

Types of Paraline Views 98