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Marine Phytoplankton and Productivity

Marine Phytoplankton and Productivity

O. Holm-Hansen (Editor), Liana C. Bolis (Editor), R. Gilles (Editor)

ISBN: 978-1-118-66951-8 March 2013 American Geophysical Union 175 Pages

Description

Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Lecture Notes on Coastal and Estuarine Studies Series, Volume 8.

When I was asked to organize this symposium on marine productivity, it made me reflect on what aspects of this subject would be stimulating to a heterogeneous group of laboratory-oriented physiologists and biochemists. In recent years there have been several books which discusses the methodology commonly used in primary production studies and described the magnitude of photosynthetic CO2 reduction in various areas of the world's oceans. I therefore decided to dispense with these conventional aspects of primary production and invite researchers to speak on a variety of problems relating the abundance and activity of phytoplankton to environmental conditions. The lectures I invited were thus quite diverse in character, but all were related either to factors affecting the rate of photosynthesis or to the fate of reduced carbon as it passes through the microbial food web.

1. Factors Governing Pelagic Production in Polar Oceans
E. SAKSHAUG and 0. HOLM-HANSEN 1

2. Productivity of Antarctic Waters. A Reappraisal
S.Z. EL-SAYED 19

3. A Thermodynamic Description of Phytoplancton Growth
D. A. KIEFER 35

4. Mechanisms of Organic Matter Utilization by Marine Bacterioplankton
F. AZAM and J.W. AMMERMAN 45

5. Phytoplankton Solved the Arsenate-Phosphate Problem
A.A. BENSON 55

6. Excretion of Organic Carbon as Function of Nutrient Stress
A. JENSEN 61

7. Seasonal Changes in Primary Production and Photoadaptation by the Reef-Building Coral Acropova granulosa on the Great Barrier Reef
B.E. CHALKER, T. COX and W.C. DUNLAP 73

8. General Features of Phytoplankton Communities and Primary Production in the Gulf of Naples and Adjacent Waters
D. MARINO, M. MODIGH and A. ZINGONE 89

9. Understanding Oligotrophic Oceans : Can the Eastern Mediterranean be a Useful Model ?
T. BERMAN , J. AZOV and D. TOWNSEND 101

10. Growth Rates of Natural Populations of Marine Diatoms as Determined in Cage Culture
G.A. VARGO 113

11. Observed Changes in Spectral Signatures of Natural Phytoplankton Populations : The Influence of Nutrient Availability
C. S. YENTSCH and D. A. PHINNEY 129

12. Flow Cytometry and Cell Sorting : Problems and Promises for Biological Ocean Science Research
C.M. YENTSCH, T. L. CUCCI and D.A. PHINNEY 141

13. Determination of Absorption and Fluorescence Excitation Spectra for Phytoplankton
B.G. MITCHELL and D.A. KIEFER 157

SUBJECT INDEX 171