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Methods in Educational Research: From Theory to Practice, 2nd Edition

Methods in Educational Research: From Theory to Practice, 2nd Edition

Marguerite G. Lodico, Dean T. Spaulding, Katherine H. Voegtle

ISBN: 978-0-470-43680-6 May 2010 Jossey-Bass 560 Pages


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Methods in Educational Research

Methods in Educational Research is designed to prepare students for the real world of educational research. It focuses on scientifically-based methods, school accountability, and the professional demands of the twenty-first century, empowering researchers to take an active role in conducting research in their classrooms, districts, and the greater educational community. Like the first edition, this edition helps students, educators, and researchers develop a broad and deep understanding of research methodologies. It includes substantial new content on the impact of No Child Left Behind legislation, school reform, quantitative and qualitative methodologies, logic modeling, action research, and other areas. Special features to assist the teaching and learning processes include vignettes illustrating research tied to practice, suggested readings at the end of each chapter, and discussion questions to reinforce chapter content.

Praise for the Previous Edition

""A new attempt to make this subject more relevant and appealing to students. Most striking is how useful this book is because it is really grounded in educational research. It is very well written and quite relevant for educational researchers or for the student hoping to become one."" -PsycCRITIQUES/American Psychological Association

""I applaud the authors for their attempt to cover a wide range of material. The straightforward language of the book helps make the material understandable for readers."" -Journal of MultiDisciplinary Evaluation

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Boxes, Exhibits, Figures, and Tables ix

Preface xix

Acknowledgments xxiii

The Authors xxv

1 Introduction to Educational Research 1

Chapter Objectives 1

Educational Accountability and Educational Research 2

Conducting Educational Research 9

Philosophical Frameworks for Educational Research 13

Research Ethics 16

2 Types of Educational Research Designs and Related Major Concepts 23

Chapter Objectives 23

Types of Approaches Used in Educational Research 24

3 Descriptive Statistics 45

Chapter Objectives 45

Characteristics of Data 46

Summarizing Data Using Descriptive Statistics 48

4 Educational Measurement: Archival Data and Standardized Instruments 79

Chapter Objectives 79

Measurement in Education 80

Evaluating the Quality of Standardized Instruments: Reliability and Validity 93

Issues in Finding and Using Standardized Instruments 101

5 Qualitative Measures and Procedures 111

Chapter Objectives 111

Characteristics of Qualitative Measurement 112

Sampling in Qualitative Research 134

6 Qualitative Research 141

Chapter Objectives 141

Research Vignette 142

Understanding Qualitative Research 142

Steps in Designing Qualitative Research 160

Evaluating Narrative Inquiry and Phenomenological Research 169

7 Organization and Analysis of Qualitative Data 179

Chapter Objectives 179

Analysis of Qualitative Data 180

Steps in Analyzing Qualitative Data 180

8 Descriptive Survey Research: Quantitative Research 197

Chapter Objectives 197

Research Vignette 198

Characteristics of Descriptive Survey Research 198

Steps in Conducting Descriptive Survey Research 201

Evaluating Descriptive Survey Research 222

9 Experimental Research 227

Chapter Objectives 227

Research Vignette 228

Understanding Experimental Research 228

Steps in Planning and Conducting Experimental Research 230

Threats to Experimental Validity 241

Single-Subject Research Designs 253

10 Nonexperimental Approaches: Causal-Comparative and Correlational Research 265

Chapter Objectives 265

Research Vignette 266

Causal-Comparative Research 266

Correlational Research 271

Multiple Regression Studies 288

11 Inferential Statistics 293

Chapter Objectives 293

Beyond Descriptive Statistics: Inferential Statistics 294

Steps in Analyzing Data Using Inferential Tests 302

Designs with More than One Independent or Dependent Variable 306

12 Action Research 311

Chapter Objectives 311

Research Vignette 312

Understanding Action Research 313

Steps in Conducting Action Research 321

Data Sources for Action Research 330

Evaluation of Action Research 346

13 Program Evaluation in Education 361

Chapter Objectives 361

Research Vignette 362

What Is Program Evaluation? 363

Types, Approaches, and Models of Program Evaluation 371

Steps in Designing Program Evaluation 375

Program Evaluation Data and Critiquing Evaluation Reports 376

Training and Careers in Program Evaluation 378

14 Identifying and Researching a Topic 383

Chapter Objectives 383

Getting Started 384

Identify a Research Topic 384

Refine Your Topic as You Search 387

Search the Literature 391

Identify and Summarize Key Information from Articles 404

When Do I Have Enough? 406

15 The Research Proposal 409

Chapter Objectives 409

Preparing a Research Proposal 410

References 427

Appendix A 435

Appendix B 469

Index 499