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Modeling Urban Dynamics: Mobility, Accessibility and Real Estate Value

Modeling Urban Dynamics: Mobility, Accessibility and Real Estate Value

Marius Thériault (Editor), François Des Rosiers (Editor)

ISBN: 978-1-848-21268-8

Jan 2011, Wiley-ISTE

352 pages

In Stock

$113.00

Description

The field of Urban Dynamics itself is based on the systems engineering concept that all complex systems (and cities and urban areas are no exception) are comprised of independent and often smaller, more understandable sub-components with relationships to one another. This allows for the system as a whole to be modeled, using knowledge of the individual subsystems and their behaviors. In this instance, urban dynamics allows for the modeling and understanding of land use, the attractiveness of space to residents, and how the ageing and obsolescence of buildings affects planning and economic development, as well as population movements, with the urban landscape.

The book adopts a trans-disciplinary approach that looks at the way residential mobility, commuting patterns, and travel behavior affect the urban form. It addresses a series of issues dealing with the accessibility of urban amenities, quality of life, and assessment of landscape residential choices, as well as measurement of external factors in the urban environment and their impact on property values.

Introduction xiii
Marius THÉRIAULT and François DES ROSIERS

Chapter 1. The Role of Mobility in the Building of Metropolitan Polycentrism 1
Sandrine BERROIR, Hélène MATHIAN, Thérèse SAINT-JULIEN and Lena SANDERS

1.1. Introduction 1

1.2. Identification of centers and sub-centers 2

1.3. Polycentric functioning in two metropolitan contexts 13

1.4. Conclusion 23

1.5. Acknowledgements 23

1.6. Bibliography 24

Chapter 2. Commuting and Gender: Two Cities, One Reality? 27
Marie-Hélène VANDERSMISSEN, Isabelle THOMAS and Ann VERHETSEL

2.1. Commuting, gender and urban dynamics 27

2.2. Commuting and gender in Belgium 32

2.3. Commuting and gender in Québec City 38

2.4. Québec City and Brussels: two cities, one reality? 49

2.5. Acknowledgements 50

2.6. Bibliography 50

Chapter 3. Spatiotemporal Modeling of Destination Choices for Consumption Purposes: Market Areas Delineation and Market Share Estimation 57
Gjin BIBA and Paul VILLENEUVE

3.1. Introduction 57

3.2. Main approaches to the spatial analysis of retail activity 59

3.3. Modeling market areas and consumer destination choices 67

3.4. Conclusion 76

3.5. Acknowledgements 77

3.6. Bibliography 78

Chapter 4. Generation of Potential Fields and Route Simulation Based on the Household Travel Survey 83
Arnaud BANOS and Thomas THÉVENIN

4.1. Introduction 83

4.2. Rebuilding the virtual city 84

4.3. From the city in motion to individual trajectories 91

4.4. Conclusion 97

4.5. Bibliography 98

Chapter 5. Impacts of Road Networks on Urban Mobility 103
Jean-Christophe FOLTÊTE, Cyrille GENRE-GRANDPIERRE and Didier JOSSELIN

5.1. Introduction 103

5.2. The urban road network: a major determinant of pedestrian flow 105

5.3. Influence of the road network on the efficiency of a transportation service 110

5.4. Road network metrics, urban sprawl and car dependency 117

5.5. Conclusion 123

5.6. Acknowledgements 124

5.7. Bibliography 124

Chapter 6. Daily Mobility and Urban Form: Constancy in Visited and Represented Places as Indicators of Environmental Values 129
Thierry RAMADIER, Chryssanthi PETROPOULOU, Hélène HANIOTOU, Anne-Christine BRONNER and Christophe ENAUX

6.1. Introduction 129

6.2. From landscape to eco-landscape 131

6.3. Behavioral and representational data collection 142

6.4. Behavioral and representational data processing 147

6.5. An application example: the Cronenbourg district pensioners’ mobility 149

6.6. Conclusion 154

6.7. Acknowledgements 155

6.8. Bibliography 155

Chapter 7. Household Residential Choices upon Acquiring a Single-Family House 159
Yan KESTENS, Marius THÉRIAULT and François DES ROSIERS

7.1. Introduction 159

7.2. Spatial cognition and perception of activity places 160

7.3. Residential mobility 162

7.4. Residential choice and location 163

7.5. Mobility survey and residential choices in Québec City 164

7.6. Conjoint modeling of household stated preferences 173

7.7. Discussion and conclusion 179

7.8. Acknowledgments 182

7.9. Bibliography 182

Chapter 8. Distances, Accessibility and Spatial Diffusion 189
Pierre DUMOLARD

8.1. Introduction 189

8.2. Distance, distances? 190

8.3. Spatial accessibility 192

8.4. Accessibility and spatial diffusion 198

8.5. Conclusion 202

8.6. Bibliography 203

Chapter 9. Accessibility to Proximity Services in Poor Areas of the Island of Montreal 205
Philippe APPARICIO and Anne-Marie SÉGUIN

9.1. Introduction 205

9.2. Data 206

9.3. Methodology for measuring accessibility of services 206

9.4. Methodological approach: designing an accessibility indicator 215

9.5. The findings 215

9.6. Conclusion 220

9.7. Bibliography 221

Chapter 10. Accessibility of Urban Services: Modeling Socio-spatial Differences and their Impacts on Residential Values 225
Marius THÉRIAULT, Marion VOISIN and François DES ROSIERS

10.1. Introduction 225

10.2. The perceptual and social components of accessibility 227

10.3. Centrality, relative and differential accessibilities 229

10.4. Modeling the impact of accessibility on residential values 238

10.5. Conclusion 251

10.6. Acknowledgements 252

10.7. Bibliography 252

Chapter 11. Hedonic Price Modeling: Measuring Urban Externalities in Québec 255
François DES ROSIERS, Jean DUBÉ and Marius THÉRIAULT

11.1. Introduction 255

11.2. Hedonic modeling and the microeconomic theory 258

11.3. Measuring urban externalities: market segmentation and functional form issues 260

11.4. Econometric issues and implicit price estimation 265

11.5. The hedonic approach and measure of externalities: some examples 268

11.6. Conclusion 278

11.7. Acknowledgements 279

11.8. Bibliography 279

Chapter 12. The Value of Peri-urban Landscapes in a French Real Estate Market 285
Thierry BROSSARD, Jean CAVAILHÈS, Mohamed HILAL, Daniel JOLY, François-Pierre TOURNEUX and Pierre WAVRESKY

12.1. Introduction 285

12.2. Real estate and landscape data 286

12.3. Geographic and econometric models 291

12.4. Results 297

12.5. Conclusion 304

12.6. Acknowledgements 304

12.7. Bibliography 304

Chapter 13. Conclusion 307
Marius THÉRIAULT and François DES ROSIERS

13.1. Acknowledgements 311

13.2. Bibliography 311

List of Authors 313

Index 317