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Molecular Chemistry of Sol-Gel Derived Nanomaterials



Molecular Chemistry of Sol-Gel Derived Nanomaterials

Robert Corriu, Nguyen Trong Anh

ISBN: 978-0-470-74280-8 February 2009 200 Pages

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Presenting the wide range of synthetic possibilities opened by sol-gel processes in the field of organic-inorganic materials, Molecular Chemistry of Sol-Gel Derived Nanomaterials discusses the state of the art in the synthesis of the various nanomaterials. The text includes examples of applications, including photoluminescent nanocomposites, grafted nanomaterials for selective separations of ions or isotopes, for cascade syntheses, chelation of transition metals and lanthanides by lamellar structured nanomaterials, and immobilized enzymes on mesoporous nanomaterials. This indispensable text for graduate students, engineers, and scientists concludes with a look toward future developments.

About the Authors.

1 Molecular Chemistry and Nanosciences.

1.1 Introduction.

1.2 Scope and Origin of Nanosciences: The ‘Top-Down' and ‘Bottom-Up’ Approaches.

1.3 Chemical Mutation: From an Exploratory to a Creative Science.

1.4 Carbon and Ceramic Fibers: The Nanomaterial ‘Ancestors’.

1.5 Conclusions.


2 Nano-Objects.

2.1 Introduction.

2.2 Presentation of Nano-Objects.

2.3 Synthesis of Nano-Objects.

2.4 The Nano-Object: Entry into Nanosciences.


3 Introduction to Material Chemistry.

3.1 General Remarks.

3.2 Inorganic Materials: Crystals and Glasses.

3.3 Thermodynamically Controlled Organic-Inorganic Hybrid Materials.

3.4 Ceramic Materials Obtained from Organometallic Polymers: Ceramics with Interpenetrating Networks.

3.5 Inorganic Polymer Materials (Sol-Gel Process).

3.6 Inorganic Polymerization and Molecular Chemistry.

3.7 Silica and Molecular Chemistry: A Dream Team.

4 From Nano-Object to Nanomaterial.

4.1 The Different Types of Nanomaterials.

4.2 Inorganic Polymerization: A Major Route to Nanomaterials.

4.3 Nanocomposite Materials.

4.4 Grafted Materials.

4.5 Selective Separation.

4.6 Materials Obtained by Polycondensation of Monosubstituted Trialkoxysilanes.

4.7 Multistage Syntheses – Cascade Reactions.


5 Nanostructured Materials.

5.1 General Remarks.

5.2 Synthesis of Hybrid Nanomaterials.

5.3 Nanostructured Hybrid Materials.

5.4 Kinetic Control of the Texture of Nanostructured Hybrid Materials.

5.5 Supramolecular Self-Organization Induced by Hydrogen Bonds.

5.6 Supramolecular Self-Organization Induced by Weak van der Waals Type Bonds.

5.7 Lamellar Materials.

5.8 Prospects.

5.9 Some Possible Developments.


6 Chemistry Leading to Interactive Nanomaterials.

6.1 Introduction.

6.2 Smart Materials.

6.3 The Route to Interactive Materials – Definitions.

6.4 Mesoporous Materials.

6.5 Functionalization of the Pores.

6.6 Functionalization of the Framework.

6.7 Importance of Functionalization and of Weight Analyses.

6.8 On the Way to Interactive Nanomaterials.

6.9 Preparation of New Matrices.

6.10 On the Way to Biological Applications.

6.11 Conclusions.


7 Prospects and Stakes.

7.1 General Remarks.

7.2 Predictable Developments.



"The authors argue convincingly in their preface that nanotechnology should not be associated exclusively with miniaturization and physics. The 'bottom-up' approach is indeed the natural way that chemists think about matter: from bonds and molecules to the material." (Angewandte Chemie International Edition, 2009)