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Multivariate and Probabilistic Analyses of Sensory Science Problems

Multivariate and Probabilistic Analyses of Sensory Science Problems

Jean-François Meullenet, Rui Xiong, Christopher J. Findlay

ISBN: 978-0-470-27631-0 February 2008 Wiley-Blackwell 256 Pages

 E-Book

$219.99

Description

Sensory scientists are often faced with making business decisions based on the results of complex sensory tests involving a multitude of variables. Multivariate and Probabilistic Analyses of Sensory Science Problems explains the multivariate and probabilistic methods available to sensory scientists involved in product development or maintenance. The techniques discussed address sensory problems such as panel performance, product profiling, and exploration of consumer data, including segmentation and identifying drivers of liking.

Applied in approach and written for non-statisticians, the text is aimed at sensory scientists who deal mostly with descriptive analysis and consumer studies. Multivariate and Probabilistic Analyses of Sensory Science Problems offers simple, easy-to-understand explanations of difficult statistical concepts and provides an extensive list of case studies with step-by-step instructions for performing analyses and interpreting the results. Coverage includes a refresher on basic multivariate statistical concepts; use of common data sets throughout the text; summary tables presenting the pros and cons of specific methods and the conclusions that may be drawn from using various methods; and sample program codes to perform the analyses and sample outputs.

As the latest member of the IFT Press series, Multivariate and Probabilistic Analyses of Sensory Science Problems will be welcomed by sensory scientists in the food industry and other industries using similar testing methodologies, as well as by faculty teaching advanced sensory courses, and professionals conducting and participating in workshops addressing multivariate analysis of sensory and consumer data.

Introduction 3

Chapter 1 A Description of Sample Data Sets Used in Further Chapters 9

1.1 A Description of Example Data Sets 9

References 25

Chapter 2 Panelist and Panel Performance: A Multivariate Experience 27

2.1 The Multivariate Nature of Sensory Evaluation 27

2.2 Univariate Approaches to Panelist Assessment 29

2.3 Multivariate Techniques for Panelist Performance 32

2.4 Panel Evaluation through Multivariate Techniques 43

2.5 Conclusions 46

References 47

Chapter 3 A Nontechnical Description of Preference Mapping 49

3.1 Introduction 49

3.2 Internal Preference Mapping 49

3.3 External Preference Mapping (PREFMAP) 58

3.4 Conclusions 66

References 67

Chapter 4 Deterministic Extensions to Preference Mapping Techniques 69

4.1 Introduction 69

4.2 Application and Models Available 69

4.3 Conclusions 89

References 94

Chapter 5 Multidimensional Scaling and Unfolding and the Application of Probabilistic Unfolding to Model Preference Data 95

5.1 Introduction 95

5.2 Multidimensional Scaling (MDS) and Unfolding 96

5.3 Probabilistic Approach to Unfolding and Identifying the Drivers of Liking 98

5.4 Examples 100

References 109

Chapter 6 Consumer Segmentation Techniques 111

6.1 Introduction 111

6.2 Methods Available 111

6.3 Segmentation Methods Using Hierarchical Cluster Analysis 113

References 126

Chapter 7 Ordinal Logistic Regression Models in Consumer Research 129

7.1 Introduction 129

7.2 Limitations of Ordinary Least Square Regression 129

7.3 Odds Odds Ratio and Logit 130

7.4 Binary Logistic Regression 133

7.5 Ordinal Logistic Regression Models 144

7.6 Proportional Odds Model (POM) 144

7.7 Conclusions 160

References 160

Chapter 8 Risk Assessment in Sensory and Consumer Science 163

8.1 Introduction 163

8.2 Concepts of Quantitative Risk Assessment 164

8.3 A Case Study: Cheese Sticks Appetizers 166

8.4 Conclusions 176

References 176

Chapter 9 Application of MARS to Preference Mapping 179

9.1 Introduction 179

9.2 MARS Basics 179

9.3 Setting Control Parameters and Refining Models 187

9.4 Example of Application of MARS 188

9.5 A Comparison with PLS Regression 201

References 205

Chapter 10 Analysis of Just About Right Data 207

10.1 Introduction 207

10.2 Basics of Penalty Analysis 208

10.3 Boot Strapping Penalty Analysis 210

10.4 Use of MARS to Model JAR Data 212

10.5 A Proportional Odds/Hazards Approach to Diagnostic Data Analysis 215

10.6 Use of Dummy Variables to Model JAR Data 220

References 233

Index 237

● Explains multivariate and probabilistic methods available to sensory scientists involved in product development or maintenance
● Coverage includes panel performance, product profiling, and exploration of consumer data, including segmentation and identifying drivers of liking
● Applied in approach and written for non-statisticians
● Step-by-step instructions for performing analyses and interpreting results
● Uses common data sets throughout the text and summary tables to present pros and cons of specific methods