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Muon Spin Spectroscopy in Chemistry

Muon Spin Spectroscopy in Chemistry

Donald G. Fleming, Iain McKenzie, Paul W. Percival

ISBN: 978-3-527-34236-5

Jul 2019

350 pages

Select type: Hardcover

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Description

In this timely overview of the hot topic, displaying both application range and perspectives, outstanding experts and pioneers in the field begin with an introduction to muonium chemistry and to the techniques of muon spin spectroscopy. All relevant areas of varying degrees of complexity are discussed, from chemical reactivity in the gas phase to condensed matter and biological systems, while a chapter on the latest developments and promising perspectives completes this unique book.
PERSPECTIVE AND INTRODUCTORY REMARKS
What do muons bring to chemistry?
Muon facilities and background to experimental muon techniques
The development of muonium chemistry

MUON BEAMS AND SPIN SPECTROSCOPY
Spin polarized muon beams
Muon decay and detection of its spin polarization
Muons and muonium in transverse megnetic fields
Muonium in longitudinal magnetic fields
Muon spectroscopy with pulsed beams

FORMATION OF CHEMICAL STATES INCORPORATING MUONS
µ+charge exchange and Mu formation in the gas phase
Mu formation and track effects in dense media
Chemical processes forming muoniated molecules
µ- capture and muonic atom formation

CHEMICAL REACTIVITY AND DYNAMICS IN THE GAS PHASE
Chemical kinetics from the time dependence of muon polarization
Nature of the potential energy surface: a case profile for H3
Zero-point energy and kinetic isotope effects
Quantum tunneling and kinetic isotope effects
Comparison of theory and experiment for abstraction reactions by muonium
Mu addition/recombination reactions in alkenes and alkynes
Product kinetics studied by diamagnetic RF resonance
Zero-point energy and vibrational bonding
Spectroscopy and reactivity involving excited states.

MUONIUM CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL KINETICS IN CONDENSED PHASES
Setting the stage: chemical reactivity in liquids vs. gases
Muonium diffusion in liquids
Pressure and density dependence
Comparison of Mu and H kinetics in the liquid phase
Muon spin dephasing during reaction
Muon and muonium diffusion in solids

MUONIATED FREE RADICALS
What do muons bring to free radical chemistry?
Muon spin spectroscopy of free radicals
Muoniated free radicals studiedf by RF resonance
Avoided level-crossing resonance spectroscopy
Hyperfine coupling constants and their isotope effects
Intramolecular dynamics of muoniated radicals
Reactions of muoniated radicals
Solvent effects on hyperfine coupling constants
Characterization of novel radicals by muon spin spectroscopy

SPIN RELAXATION STUDIES
Probing spin relaxation with muons
Electron spin exchange reactions of muonium
Dynamics and spin relaxation in molecular environments
The effects of muon spin relaxation during chemical reactions

ASPECTS OF MATERIALS CHEMISTRY
Muonium in confined spaces
Muonium and muoniated radicals in fullerenes
Muonium and radicals in clathrates
Muoniated radicals in zeolites
Muonium and muoniated radicals on surfaces
Muons in crystalline solids

SOFT MATTER AND ORGANIC MATERIALS
Muonium and muoniated radicals in micelles
Partitioning of co-surfactants in bilayers and micelles
Dynamics of muoniated spin-probes in liquid crystals
µSR studies of insulating polymers
µSR studies of conducting polymers
Muon spin probes in organic semiconductors
Applications to biological systems

FUTURE DEVELOPMENTS AND OUTLOOK
Elemental analysis using muonic atoms
Pulsed muons and laser spectroscopy
Microwaves in muonium chemistry
Chemical applications of a muon microscope