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Musculoskeletal X-Rays for Medical Students and Trainees

Musculoskeletal X-Rays for Medical Students and Trainees

Andrew K. Brown, David G. King

ISBN: 978-1-118-45873-0

Aug 2016, Wiley-Blackwell

200 pages

In Stock

$38.99

Description

Musculoskeletal X-rays for Medical Students provides the key principles and skills needed for the assessment of normal and abnormal musculoskeletal radiographs. With a focus on concise information and clear visual presentation, it uses a unique colour overlay system to clearly present abnormalities.

Musculoskeletal X-rays for Medical Students:
• Presents each radiograph twice, side by side – once as would be seen in a clinical setting and again with clearly highlighted anatomy or pathology
• Focuses on radiographic appearances and abnormalities seen in common clinical presentations, highlighting key learning points relevant to each condition
• Covers introductory principles, normal anatomy and common pathologies, in addition to disease-specific sections covering adult and paediatric practice
• Includes self-assessment to test knowledge and presentation techniques

Musculoskeletal X-rays for Medical Students is designed for medical students, junior doctors, nurses and radiographers, and is ideal for both study and clinical reference.

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Preface, vii

Acknowledgements, viii

Part 1: Introduction, 1

1 Musculoskeletal X-rays, 3

Introduction, 3

Basic principles of requesting plain radiographs of bones and joints, 4

Basic principles of examining and reporting plain radiographs of bones and joints, 6

Normal anatomy on musculoskeletal X-rays, 8

Part 2: Pathology, 21

2 Trauma, 23

Bone and joint injuries, 23

Specific injuries, 41

Spine, 58

Paediatric fractures, 67

Fractures in child abuse, 73

Further reading, 76

3 Arthritis, 77

Osteoarthritis, 77

Rheumatoid arthritis, 80

Crystal arthropathy, 83

Gout, 83

Calcium pyrophosphate disease, 86

Psoriatic arthritis, 91

Axial spondyloarthritis (ankylosing spondylitis), 95

4 Tumours and tumour-like lesions, 98

Radiological evaluation of the patient, 98

X-rays – general principles, 101

Malignant tumours, 105

Bone metastases, 105

Multiple myeloma, 107

Plasmacytoma, 108

Osteosarcoma, 110

Chondrosarcoma, 111

Ewing’s sarcoma, 113

Benign tumours, 114

Exostosis (Osteochondroma), 115

Osteoid osteoma, 116

Tumour-like lesions, 117

Simple bone cyst, 118

Infection, 119

5 Metabolic bone disease, 120

Osteoporosis, 120

Osteomalacia, 121

Hyperparathyroidism, 122

Chronic kidney disease metabolic bone disorder, 124

Haemochromatosis, 126

6 Infection, 128

Routes of spread, 128

Causative organisms, 128

Osteomyelitis, 129

Septic arthritis, 134

Infective discitis, 136

7 Non-traumatic paediatric conditions, 138

Developmental dysplasia of the hip, 138

Perthes’ disease, 140

Tarsal coalition, 141

Osteochondritis dissecans, 143

8 Other bone pathology, 144

Paget’s disease of bone, 144

Hypertrophic Osteoarthropathy (HOA), 147

Avascular necrosis, 147

9 Joint replacement, 149

Hardware failure and aseptic loosening, 149

Infection, 154

Malalignment and instability, 155

Periprosthetic fracture, 156

Part 3, 157

Self-assessment questions, 159

Self-assessment answers, 172

Index, 185