The challenges faced by environmental scientists today are vast, complex, and multi-faceted. For instance, predicting the fate of an environmental pollutant or understanding ecosystem responses to climate change, necessitate a firm understanding of molecular structure and dynamics of environmental media as well as the components that exist and interact within this media. Furthermore, linking information obtained at the molecular-scale to ecosystem-level processes is a major pursuit of modern environmental research. As such, NMR spectroscopy and its scalability from the molecular-scale to the macroscopic-scale, is facilitating rapid growth in environmental science. In addition, the versatility of NMR spectroscopy has resulted in the development and implementation of different types of NMR techniques to examine the structure of various types of environmental samples, living and non-living, as well as the study of critical environmental processes.
This comprehensive handbook is a collection of chapters that span from methods to how NMR is used in environmental research to gain insight into various ecosystem properties.
It is organized into three parts:
- Part A focuses on methods used in environmental NMR which span from solution-state to magnetic resonance imaging.
- Part B emphasizes how NMR spectroscopy plays an essential role in understanding various types of environmental components and related processes, including different forms of organic matter found in soil, water, and air as well as how NMR is used to probe the fate of water, organic pollutants, and metals in the environment.
- Part C focuses on the growing field of environmental metabolomics which uses NMR as its main discovery platform.
This volume highlights the immense potential of NMR spectroscopy to expand our fundamental understanding of environmental processes and how it will continue to do so well into the future.
About eMagRes Handbooks
eMagRes (formerly the Encyclopedia of Magnetic Resonance) publishes a wide range of online articles on all aspects of magnetic resonance in physics, chemistry, biology and medicine. The existence of this large number of articles, written by experts in various fields, is enabling the publication of a series of eMagRes Handbooks on specific areas of NMR and MRI. The chapters of each of these handbooks will comprise a carefully chosen selection of eMagRes articles. In consultation with the eMagRes Editorial Board, the eMagRes handbooks are coherently planned in advance by specially-selected Editors, and new articles are written to give appropriate complete coverage. The handbooks are intended to be of value and interest to research students, postdoctoral fellows and other researchers learning about the scientific area in question and undertaking relevant experiments, whether in academia or industry.
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Preface Environmental NMR
Part 1: Fundamentals of Environmental NMR
1 Environmental NMR: Solution-state Methods
2 Environmental NMR: Diffusion Ordered Spectroscopy Methods
3 Environmental NMR: Hyphenated Methods
4 Environmental NMR: Solid-state Methods
5 Environmental NMR: High Resolution Magic-angle Spinning
6 Environmental Comprehensive Multi-phase NMR
7 Environmental NMR: Magnetic Resonance Imaging
8 Environmental NMR: Fast Field Cycling Relaxometry
9 Mobile NMR
10 Terrestrial Magnetic Field NMR: Recent Advances
Part 2: NMR for Air, Soil and Water
11 Dissolved Organic Matter
12 Atmospheric Organic Matter
13 Soil Organic Matter
14 Chemical Ecology
15 Forest Ecology
17 Clay Minerals
18 Soil-water Interactions
19 Metals in The Environment
20 Organic Pollutants in The Environment
21 Soil-plant Atmosphere Continuum Studied by MRI
Part 3: NMR and Environmental Metabolomics
22 Environmental Metabolomics
23 Methodology of NMR For Environmental Metabolomics
24 Environmental Metabolomics of Soil Organisms
25 Environmental Metabolomics of Aquatic Organisms
26 Environmental Metabolomics of Microbes
27 Plant Metabolomics