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Nanobeam X-Ray Scattering: Probing Matter at the Nanoscale

Nanobeam X-Ray Scattering: Probing Matter at the Nanoscale

Julian Stangl, Cristian Mocuta, Virginie Chamard, Dina Carbone

ISBN: 978-3-527-65508-3

Sep 2013

284 pages

$116.99

Description

A comprehensive overview of the possibilities and potential of X-ray scattering using nanofocused beams for probing matter at the nanoscale, including guidance on the design of nanobeam experiments. The monograph discusses various sources, including free electron lasers, synchrotron radiation and other portable and non-portable X-ray sources.
For scientists using synchrotron radiation or students and scientists with a background in X-ray scattering methods in general.
INTRODUCTION
X-RAY DIFFRACTION PRINCIPLES
-Introduction
-Beam Coherence
-Specific Properties of Different Sources: Laboratory vs
Synchrotron vs FEL
FOCUSING OF X-RAYS
-Beam Propagation and Modeling
-Focusing Principles Available for the Hard X-Ray Regime
-Clasic Microfocusing Devices
-Practical Issues
SCATTERING EXPERIMENTS USING NANOBEAMS
-From the Ensemble Average Approach Towards the Single
Nanostructure Study
-Diffraction from Single Nanostructures
-Scanning X-Ray Diffraction Microscopy
-Other Types of Contrast
-Local X-Ray Probe Experiments from Organic Samples
-Local X-Ray Probe Experiments from Biological Samples
NANOBEAM DIFFRACTION SETUPS
-Beam Positioning on the Nanoscale
-Stability Issues: Maintaining the Spot on the Sample
During Scanning Angles, Vibrations
-Active Systems to Maintain the Beam Position on the
Sample Constant
-Restriction of Different Setups
-Detector Issues: Resolution in Real and Reciprocal
Space, Dynamic Range, Time Resolution
SPECTROSCOPIC TECHNIQUES USING FOCUSED BEAMS
-Micro/Nano-EXAFS, XANES. Fluorescence
-A Side Glance on Soft X-Ray Applications
COHERENT DIFFRACTION
-More on Coherence Properties of Focused X-Ray Beams
-The Use of Phase Retrieval Instead of Modeling
Approaches
-Different Retrieval Algorithms
-Shape Determination of Single Structures (Retrieving
the Modulus of Electron Density)
-Strain Determination (Retrieving the Phase of Electron
Density)
-Fresnel Coherent Diffractive Imaging
-Holographic Approaches (Using a Reference Wave Instead
of Numerical Phase Retrieval)
-Ptychography (For Extended Objects with Nanoscale
Structure)
-Particular Advantages and Problems when Using Coherent
Diffraction Imaging in the Bragg Case
THE POTENTIAL AND THE LIMITS OF THE METHOD
-Limits in Beam Size
-Limits in Intensity/Brilliance
-Resolution Limits in Real and Reciprocal Space
-Combinations with Other Local Probe Techniques
FUTURE DEVELOPMENTS
-Detector Developments
-Beamlines at Third Generation Synchrotron Sources
-The Role of Free Electron Lasers