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Nanomaterials for Environmental Protection

Nanomaterials for Environmental Protection

Boris I. Kharisov (Editor), Oxana V. Kharissova (Editor), H. V. Rasika Dias (Editor)

ISBN: 978-1-118-84554-7

Aug 2014

592 pages



This book is divided into four main sections thoroughly analyzing the use of nanomaterials for water, air and soil solutions, and emphasizing environmental risks. Providing background on nanomaterials' two-decade study, it discusses the characterization and application of unconventional disinfectants, called antimicrobial nanomaterials, which fall into three categories and, while seemingly harmless, have potential hazards if applied improperly. Special attention is given to the process of remediation, synthetics techniques, and properties of nanomaterials, with examples to which new and trained readers in the field can relate and understand.

  • an interdisciplinary approach, aimed at scientists in physical chemistry, nanotechnology, and environmental sciences
  • includes applications of non-conventional techniques in environmental protection
  • furthers the development of applied nanoscience and nanotechnology
  • suggests new industrial projects and university courses addressing nanotechnology in and for the environment
  • includes applications for water, air and soil protection

Preface ix



Part I Remediation with use of metals, metal oxides, complexes and composites 1

1 Groundwater Water Remediation by Static Diffusion Using Nano-Zero Valent Metals (Fe0, Cu0, Al0), n-FeHn+, n-Fe(OH)x, n-FeOOH, n-Fe-[OxHy](n+/−) 3
David D.J. Antia

2 Nanostructured Metal Oxides for Wastewater Disinfection 27
Erick R. Bandala, Marco Antonio Quiroz Alfaro, Mónica Cerro-López, and Miguel A. Méndez-Rojas

3 Cu2O-Based Nanocomposites for Environmental Protection: Relationship between Structure and Photocatalytic Activity, Application, and Mechanism 41
Liangbin Xiong, Huaqing Yu, Xin Ba, Wenpei Zhang, and Ying Yu

4 Multifunctional Nanocomposites for Environmental Remediation 71
Suying Wei, Jiahua Zhu, Hongbo Gu, Huige Wei, Xingru Yan, Yudong Huang, and Zhanhu Guo

5 Nanomaterials for the Removal of Volatile Organic Compounds from Aqueous Solutions 85
Amro El Badawy and Hafiz H.M. Salih

6 Hybrid Metal Nanoparticle-Containing Polymer Nanofibers for Environmental Applications 95
Yunpeng Huang, Shige Wang, Mingwu Shen, and Xiangyang Shi

7 Nanomaterials on the Basis of Chelating Agents, Metal Complexes, and Organometallics for Environmental Purposes 109
Boris I. Kharisov, Oxana V. Kharissova, and Ubaldo Ortiz Méndez

Part II Remediation with use of carbon nanotubes 125

8 Carbon Nanotubes: Next-Generation Nanomaterials for Clean Water Technologies 127
Yit Thai Ong, Kian Fei Yee, Qian Wen Yeang, Sharif Hussein Sharif Zein, and Soon Huat Tan

Part III Photo catalytical remediation 143

9 New Advances in Heterogeneous Photocatalysis for Treatment of Toxic Metals and Arsenic 145
Marta I. Litter and Natalia Quici

10 Nanostructured Titanium Dioxide for Photocatalytic Water Treatment 169
David G. Rickerby

11 Destruction of Chloroorganic Compounds with Nanophotocatalysts 183Rashid A. Khaydarov, Renat
R. Khaydarov, and Olga Gapurova

12 Semiconductor Nanomaterials for Organic Dye Degradation and Hydrogen Production via Photocatalysis 193
Leticia M. Torres-Martínez, Isaías Juárez-Ramírez, and Mayra Z. Figueroa-Torres

Part IV Nanoadsorbents and Nanofiltration 205

13 Advanced Oxidation Processes, Nanofiltration, and Application of Bubble Column Reactor 207
Sukanchan Palit

14 Carbon Nanomaterials as Adsorbents for Environmental Analysis 217
Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain

15 Application of Nanoadsorbents in Water Treatment 237
Amit Bhatnagar and Mika Sillanpää

16 Organo-Clay Nanohybrid Adsorbents in the Removal of Toxic Metal Ions 249
Peng Liu

Part V Membranes on nanomaterials basis 269

17 Water Remediation Using Nanoparticle and Nanocomposite Membranes 271
Kian Fei Yee, Qian Wen Yeang, Yit Thai Ong, Vel Murugan Vadivelu, and Soon Huat Tan

Part VI Green methods in nanomaterials synthesis 293

18 Green Methodologies in the Synthesis of Metal and Metal Oxide Nanoparticles 295
Aniruddha B. Patil and Bhalchandra M. Bhanage

19 An Environmentally Friendly and Green Approach for Synthesis and Applications of Silver Nanoparticles 313
Muniyandi Jeyaraj, Muralidharan Murugan, Kevin John Pulikotil Anthony, and Sangiliyandi Gurunathan

20 Green Synthesis of Nanomaterials Using Biological Routes 329
Rajesh Ramanathan, Ravi Shukla, Suresh K. Bhargava, and Vipul Bansal

Part VII CO2 adsorption 349

21 Nanomaterials for Carbon Dioxide Adsorption 351
Luis Ángel Garza Rodríguez and Elsa Nadia Aguilera González

Part VIII Intelligent nanomaterials 373

22 Development of Intelligent Nanomaterials as a Strategy to Solve Environmental Problems 375
Jose Ruben Morones-Ramírez

Part IX Desalination 387

23 Engineered Nanomaterials for Purification and Desalination of Palatable Water 389
Vijay C. Verma, Swechha Anand, Mayank Gangwar, and Santosh K. Singh

Part X Nanocatalysis 401

24 Nanocatalytic Wastewater Treatment System for the Removal of Toxic Organic Compounds 403
Sodeh Sadjadi

25 Catalyst Design Based on Nano-Sized Inorganic Core of Enzymes: Design of Environmentally Friendly Catalysts 429
Mohammad Mahdi Najafpour

Part XI Nanosensors 443

26 Neutron-Fluence Nanosensors Based on Boron-Containing Materials 445
Levan Chkhartishvili

Part XII Nanoreservoirs for hydrogen storage 451

27 Hydrogen Nanoreservoirs made of Boron Nitride 453
Levan Chkhartishvili

Part XIII Fuel cells on nanomaterials basis 469

28 Fuel Cells with Nanomaterials for Ecologically Pure Transport 471
Gennady Gerasimov

Part XIV Remediation of radionuclides 483

29 Humic Functional Derivatives and Nanocoatings for Remediation of Actinide-Contaminated Environments 485
Irina V. Perminova, Stepan N. Kalmykov, Natalia S. Shcherbina, Sergey A. Ponomarenko, Vladimir A. Kholodov, Alexander P. Novikov, Richard G. Haire, and Kirk Hatfield

Part XV Environmental risks and toxicity 503

30 Environmental Risks of Nanotechnology: Evaluating the Ecotoxicity of Nanomaterials 505
Miguel A. Méndez-Rojas, José Luis Sánchez-Salas, Aracely Angulo-Molina, and Teresa de Jesús Palacios-Hernández

31 Environmental Risk, Human Health, and Toxic Effects of Nanoparticles 523
Jamuna Bai A. and Ravishankar Rai V.

32 Implications of the Use of Nanomaterials for Environmental Protection: Challenges in Designing Environmentally Relevant Toxicological Experiments 537
Rute F. Domingos and José P. Pinheiro

Concluding Remarks 551

Author Index 555

Subject Index 559