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Nanotechnology for the Energy Challenge, 2nd Edition

Nanotechnology for the Energy Challenge, 2nd Edition

Javier García-Martínez (Editor), Zhong Lin Wang (Foreword by)

ISBN: 978-3-527-66510-5 June 2013 664 Pages

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Description

With the daunting energy challenges faced by Mankind in the 21st century, revolutionary new technologies will be the key to a clean, secure and sustainable energy future. Nanostructures often have surprising and very useful capabilities and are thus paving the way for new methodologies in almost every kind of industry.

This exceptional monograph provides an overview of the subject, and presents the current state of the art with regard to different aspects of sustainable production, efficient storage and low-impact use of energy.

Comprised of eighteen chapters, the book is divided in three thematic parts:

Part I Sustainable Energy Production covers the main developments of nanotechnology in clean energy production and conversion, including photovoltaics, hydrogen production, thermal-electrical energy conversion and fuel cells.

Part II Efficient Energy Storage is concerned with the potential use of nanomaterials in more efficient energy storage systems such as advanced batteries, supercapacitors and hydrogen storage.

Part III Energy Sustainability shows how nanotechnology helps to use energy more efficiently, and the mitigation of impacts to the environment, with special emphasis on energy savings through green nanofabrication, advanced catalysis, nanostructured light-emitting and eletrochromic devices and CO2 capture by nanoporous materials .

An essential addition to any bookshelf, it will be invaluable to a variety of research fields including materials science, chemical engineering, solid state, surface, industrial, and physical chemistry, as this is a subject that is very interdisciplinary.

PREFACE TO THE 2ND EDITION

PREFACE TO THE 1ST EDITION

PART ONE: Sustainable Energy Production

NANOTECHNOLOGY FOR ENERGY PRODUCTION
Energy Challenges in the Twenty-first Century and Nanotechnology
Nanotechnology in Energy Production
New Opportunities
Outlook and Future Trends

NANOTECHNOLOGY IN DYE-SENSITIZED PHOTOELECTROCHEMICAL DEVICES
Introduction
Semiconductors and Optical Absorption
Dye Molecular Engineering
The Stable Self-Assembling Dye Monomolecular Layer
The Nanostructured Semiconductor
Recent Research Trends
Conclusions

THERMAL-ELECTRICAL ENERGY CONVERSION FROM THE NANOTECHNOLOGY PERSPECTIVE
Introduction
Established Bulk Thermoelectric Materials
Selection Criteria for Bulk Thermoelectric Materials
Survey of Size Effects
Thermoelectric Properties on the Nanoscale: Modeling and Metrology
Experimental Results and Discussions
Summary and Perspectives

PIEZOELECTRIC AND PIEZOTRONIC EFFECTS IN ENERGY HARVESTING AND CONVERSION
Introduction
Piezoelectric Effect
Piezoelectric Nanomaterials for Mechanical Energy Harvesting
Piezocatalysis -
Conversion between Mechanical and Chemical Energies
Piezotronics for Enhanced Energy Conversion
Perspectives and Conclusion

GRAPHENE FOR ENERGY PRODUCTION AND STORAGE APPLICATIONS
Introduction
Graphene Supercapacitors
Graphene as a Battery/Lithium-Ion Storage
Graphene in Energy Generation Devices
Conclusions/Outlook

NANOMATERIALS FOR FUEL CELL TECHNOLOGIES
Introduction
Low-Temperature Fuel Cells
High-Temperature Fuel Cells
Conclusions

NANOCATALYSIS FOR IRON-CATALYZED FISCHER -
TROPSCH SYNTHESIS: ONE PERSPECTIVE
Introduction
Nanocatalyst -
Wax Separation
Summary

THE CONTRIBUTION OF NANOTECHNOLOGY TO HYDROGEN PRODUCTION
Introduction
Hydrogen Production by Semiconductor Nanomaterials
Summary

PART TWO: Efficient Energy Storage

NANOSTRUCTURED MATERIALS FOR HYDROGEN STORAGE
Introduction
Hydrogen Storage by Physisorption
Hydrogen Storage by Chemisorption
Summary

ELECTROCHEMICAL ENERGY STORAGE: THE BENEFITS OF NANOMATERIALS
Introduction
Nanomaterials for Energy Storage
Nanostructured Electrodes and Interfaces for the Electrochemical Storage of Energy
Conclusion

CARBON-BASED NANOMATERIALS FOR ELECTROCHEMICAL ENERGY STORAGE
Introduction
Nanotexture and Surface Functionality of sp2 Carbons
Supercapacitors
Lithium-Ion Batteries
Conclusions

NANOTECHNOLOGIES TO ENABLE HIGH-PERFORMANCE SUPERCONDUCTORS FOR ENERGY APPLICATIONS
Overcoming Limitations to Superconductors - Performance
Flux Pinning by Nanoscale Defects
Grain Boundary Problem
Anisotropic Current Properties
Enhancing Naturally Occurring Nanoscale Defects
Artificial Introduction of Flux Pinning Nanostructures
Self-Assembled Nanostructures
Effect of Local Strain Fields in Nanocomposite Films
Control of Epitaxy Enabling Atomic Sulfur Superstructure

PART THREE: Energy Sustainability

GREEN NANOFABRICATION: UNCONVENTIONAL APPROACHES FOR THE CONSERVATIVE USE OF ENERGY
Introduction
Green Approaches to Nanofabrication
Future Directions: Toward 'Zero-Cost' Fabrication
Conclusions

NANOCATALYSIS FOR FUEL PRODUCTION
Introduction
Petroleum Refining
Naphtha Reforming
Hydrotreating
Cracking
Hydrocracking
Conversion of Syngas
Nanocatalysis for Bioenergy
The Future

SURFACE-FUNCTIONALIZED NANOPOROUS CATALYSTS TOWARDS BIOFUEL APPLICATIONS
Introduction
Immobilization Strategies of Single Site Heterogeneous Catalysts
Design of More Efficient Heterogeneous Catalysts with Enhanced Reactivity and Selectivity
Other Heterogeneous Catalyst Systems on Nonsilica Supports
Conclusion

NANOTECHNOLOGY FOR CARBON DIOXIDE CAPTURE
Introduction
CO2 Capture Processes
Nanotechnology for CO2 Capture
Porous Coordination Polymers for CO2 Capture

NANOSTRUCTURED ORGANIC LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICES
Introduction
Quantum Confinement and Charge Balance for OLEDs and PLEDs
Phosphorescent Materials for OLEDs and PLEDs
Multi-Photon Emission and Tandem Structure for OLEDs and PLEDs
The Enhancement of Light Out-Coupling
Outlook for the Future of Nanostructured OLEDs and PLEDs
Conclusion

ELECTROCHROMICS FOR ENERGY-EFFI CIENT BUILDINGS: NANOFEATURES, THIN FILMS, AND DEVICES
Introduction
Electrochromic Materials
Electrochromic Devices
Conclusions and Remarks

INDEX

“In this regard, the present book is a significant contribution to the hope that a solution to the energy problem is possible.”  (Materials Views, 4 December 2013)