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Negative-Refraction Metamaterials: Fundamental Principles and Applications

Negative-Refraction Metamaterials: Fundamental Principles and Applications

G. V. Eleftheriades, K. G. Balmain

ISBN: 978-0-471-74475-7

Aug 2005

316 pages


Learn about the revolutionary new technology of negative-refraction metamaterials

Negative-Refraction Metamaterials: Fundamental Principles and Applications introduces artificial materials that support the unusual electromagnetic property of negative refraction. Readers will discover several classes of negative-refraction materials along with their exciting, groundbreaking applications, such as lenses and antennas, imaging with super-resolution, microwave devices, dispersion-compensating interconnects, radar, and defense.

The book begins with a chapter describing the fundamentals of isotropic metamaterials in which a negative index of refraction is defined. In the following chapters, the text builds on the fundamentals by describing a range of useful microwave devices and antennas. Next, a broad spectrum of exciting new research and emerging applications is examined, including:
* Theory and experiments behind a super-resolving, negative-refractive-index transmission-line lens
* 3-D transmission-line metamaterials with a negative refractive index
* Numerical simulation studies of negative refraction of Gaussian beams and associated focusing phenomena
* Unique advantages and theory of shaped lenses made of negative-refractive-index metamaterials
* A new type of transmission-line metamaterial that is anisotropic and supports the formation of sharp steerable beams (resonance cones)
* Implementations of negative-refraction metamaterials at optical frequencies
* Unusual propagation phenomena in metallic waveguides partially filled with negative-refractive-index metamaterials
* Metamaterials in which the refractive index and the underlying group velocity are both negative

This work brings together the best minds in this cutting-edge field. It is fascinating reading for scientists, engineers, and graduate-level students in physics, chemistry, materials science, photonics, and electrical engineering.


1. Negative-Refractive-Index Transmission-Line Metamaterials (A. Iyer & G. Eleftheriades).

2. Passive Microwave Devices and Antennas Using Negative-Refractive-Index Transmission-Line Metamaterials (G. Eleftheriades).

3. Super Resolving Negative-Refractive-Index Transmission-Line Lenses (A. Grbic & G. Eleftheriades).

4. Gaussian Beam Interactions with DNG Metamaterials (R. Ziolkowski).

5. Negative Index Lenses (D. Schurig & D. Smith).

6. Planar Anisotropic Resonance-Cone Metamaterials (K. balmain & A. Lüttgen).

7. Negative Refraction and Subwavelength Imaging in Photonic Crystals (C. Luo & J. Joannopoulos).

8. Plasmonic Nanowire Metamaterials (A. Sarychev & V. Shalaev).

9. An Overview of Salient Properties of Planar Guided-Wave Structures with Double-Negative (DNG) and Single-Negative (SNG) Layers (A Alù  and N. Engheta).

10. Dispersion Engineering: The Use of Abnormal Velocities and Negative Index of Refraction to Control the Dispersive Effects (M. Mojahedi & G. Eleftheriades).


"…a lot of useful information in this book…it definitely belongs on the shelves of all serious engineering and physics libraries…" (IEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine, December 2005)