DescriptionDivided into logical easy-to-use sections, Neotyphodium in Cool-Season Grasses is an up-to-date anthology of the latest knowledge on the genus Neotyphodium. This thorough text covers the molecular biology of Neotyphodium endophytes and their effects on grass hosts, invertebrate and vertebrate herbivores, and the plant communities in which they interact. The expert editors also include information on the commercial uses of endophytes in livestock and turf industries.
Researchers and teachers in grass research, extension, agronomy, and animal toxicology, and university libraries with courses in these subjects should not be without this important text.
Section I: Current Trends in Neotyphodium.
1 Neotyphodium Research and Application.
1.1 Current Trends in the USA- Henry A. Fribourg and John C. Waller.
1.2 Current Trends in Europe- Iñigo Zabalgogeazcoa and Sylvie Bony.
1.3 Current Trends in New Zealand- Syd Easton and Brian Tapper.
1.4 Current Trends in Australia- K. F. M. Reed, C. J. Scrivener, K. A. Rainsford, and L. V. Walker.
1.5 Current Trends in Japan- Koya Sugawara, Takuya Shiba, and Masayuki Yamashita.
1.6 Current Trends in South America- Jose De Battista.
Section II: Molecular Biology of Neotyphodium.
2 Biosynthesis of Ergot and Loline Alkaloids- Christopher L. Schardl and Daniel G. Panaccione.
3 Molecular and Genetic Analysis of Lolitrem and Peramine Biosynthetic Pathways in Epichloë festucae- Barry Scott, Carolyn Young, Aiko Tanaka, Michael Christensen, Brian Tapper, and Gregory Bryan.
Endophyte Synthesis of Bioprotective Metabolites.
Epichloë festucae as a Model Experimental System for Genetic Analysis of Endophytes.
Genetics and Molecular Cloning of a Peramine Biosynthesis Gene Cluster.
Molecular Cloning and Genetic Analysis of a Gene Cluster for Paxilline Biosynthesis.
Molecular Cloning and Genetic Analysis of a Gene Cluster for Lolitrem Biosynthesis.
4 Gene Discovery and Microarray-Based Transcriptome Analysis of the Grass- Endophyte Association -German C. Spangenberg, Silvina A. Felitti, Kate Shields, Marc Ramsperger, Pei Tian, Eng Kok Ong, Daniel Singh, Erica Logan, and David Edwards.
Biology of Grass–Endophyte Symbioses.
Gene Discovery in Epicholoë–Neotyphodium Endophytes.
Discovery of EST-Derived SSR and SNP Markers.
Microarry-Based Transcriptome Analysis.
5 Molecular Genetic Marker-Based Analysis of the Grass–Endophyte Symbiosis- Eline van Zijll de Jong, Kevin F. Smith, German C. Spangenberg, and John W. Forster.
Development and Characterization of SSR Systems.
Analysis of Intraspecific Genetic Diversity.
Co-Genotyping of Grass–Endophyte Symbioses.
Section III: Ecology and Agronomy.
6 A Hierarchical Framework for Understanding the Ecosystem Consequences of Endophyte–Grass Symbioses- Marina Omacini, Enrique J. Chaneton, and Claudio M. Ghersa.
A Hierarchical Approach to Endophyte Impacts on Ecosystem Functioning.
Endophyte Effects at the Host Plant Level.
Endophyte-Driven Dynamics at the Neighborhood Level.
Endophyte Impacts on Community-Level Dynamics.
7 Biotic Responses in Endophytic Grasses- Alison J. Popay and Stacy A. Bonos.
Biotic Responses in Wild Grasses.
Invertebrate Responses in Forage and Turf Grasses.
Plant Pathogen Responses in Turf and Forage Grasses.
Factors Affecting Biotic Responses.
8 Abiotic Stresses in Endophytic Grasses- D. P. Malinowski, D. P. Belesky, and G. C. Lewis.
Novel Endophytes and Abiotic Stress Tolerance in Cool-Season Grasses.
9 Growth and Management of Endophytic Grasses in Pastoral Agriculture- David E. Hume and David J. Barker.
Endophyte Contamination in Pastures.
Sources of Contamination with Toxic Endophyte-Infected Perennial Ryegrass and Tall Fescue.
Factors to Consider in Selecting the Right Endophyte Option.
Section IV: Animal Toxicoses.
10 Managing Ryegrass–Endophyte Toxicoses- Lester R. Fletcher.
Confirming the Safety and Animal Productivity on AR1 Pastures.
Ryegrass Staggers in the Absence of Lolitrem B.
Minimizing the Impact of Endemic Endophyte in Grazing Systems.
11 Interaction between Thermal Stress and Fescue Toxicosis: Animal Models and New Perspectives- Donald E. Spiers, Tim J. Evans, and George E. Rottinghaus.
Relationship between Fescue Toxicosis and Environmental Conditions.
Animal Models and Control System Terminology.
Application of Animal Models to Fescue Toxicosis.
Short-Term Responses: Bovine and Rodent Models.
Long-Term Responses: Bovine and Rodent Models.
Use of Bovine and Rodent Models to Evaluate New Approaches to Reduce the Impact of Fescue Toxicosis on Thermoregulatory Ability.
12 Absorption of Ergot Alkaloids in the Ruminant- Nicholas S. Hill.
Structure of Ergot Alkaloids.
Drug Absorption in Monogastrics.
Ruminal Metabolism and Absorption of Ergot Alkaloids.
13 Pathophysiologic Response to Endophyte Toxins- Jack W. Oliver.
Physiological Manifestations of Endophyte Toxicosis.
14 Integrating Genetics, Environment, and Management to Minimize Animal Toxicoses- John A. Stuedemann and Dwight H. Seman.
Impact of Endophyte-Infested Tall Fescue on Animal Response.
Strategies for Reducing or Alleviating the Effects of Endophyte-Infested Fescue.
The Role of Producer Expectations or Goals.
Section V: Technology Transfer and Quality Assurance.
15 Endophytes in Forage Cultivars- Joe Bouton and Syd Easton.
Endemic Situation in Tall Fescue.
Endemic Situation in Perennial Ryegrass.
Reinfection of Elite Cultivars with Novel Endophytes.
Technical Requirements during Development and Commercialization of Endophytes.
16 Endophytes in Turfgrass Cultivars- Leah A. Brilman.
Endophyte Benefits for Turf.
Challenges in Implementing Endophytic Benefits in Turf.
Future Research and Direction.
17 Endophytes, Quality Assurance, and the Seed Trade In Eastern Australia- W. M. Wheatley.
Spread of Endophyte.
Endophyte Viability in Seed.
Government Policy and Endophytes.
Endemic Endophyte in Seed Lines.
Packaging and Storage of Seed with Endophytes.
18 Public Education on Tall Fescue Toxicosis- Craig Roberts and John Andrae.
Co-Workers and Cow-Workers: What Do Specialists Recommend, and What Will Producers Adopt?.
The Witch’s Brew.
Proposed Educational Approaches
"In sum, Neotyphodium in Cool-Season Grasses is an excellent collection of recent literature that those working with pasture of turf grass will want to have on their shelf. In addition, plant and fungal ecologists who seek to learn more about the fascinating grass endophytes will find Neotyphodium in Cool-Season Grasses an excellent starting place." Thomas L. Bultman, Biology Department, Hope College, Holland, MI in Crop Science, January-February 2006.