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Network Analysis in Marine Ecology: Methods and Applications

Network Analysis in Marine Ecology: Methods and Applications

F. Wulff (Editor), J. G. Field (Editor), K. H. Mann (Editor)

ISBN: 978-1-118-66922-8

Mar 2013, American Geophysical Union

284 pages

Select type: O-Book

Description

Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Coastal and Estuarine Studies, Volume 32.

This volume arises out of the activities of two working groups organized under the auspices of the Scientific Committee on Oceanic Research (SCOR). The first, SCOR Working Group 59 on "Mathematical Models in Biological Oceanography" met in 1977, 1979 and 1982, under the co-chairmanship of Kenneth Mann and Trevor Piatt. A book with the same title (Piatt, Mann & Ulanowicz 1981) resulted from these meetings. In a nutshell, the group achieved some consensus that simulation modeling was a useful activity, but that simulation models of ecosystems had strict limitations: they were not predictive because qualitative changes of state often occurred in ecosystems, and these could at that time usually not be predicted or modeled. The group therefore resolved to explore the properties of ecosystems other than those revealed by simulation models. A theme which developed was that it is necessary to have at least as much information on the fluxes among the components of marine ecosystems as on the biomasses. This led in 1982 to a symposium reviewing knowledge of the "Flows of Energy and Materials in Marine Ecosystems", organized in the NATO Advanced Research Institute series, the proceedings of which have been published (Fasham 1984). Here the theme persisted that there was a need to measure flows of energy and materials.

DEDICATION

PART I INTRODUCTION

Chapter 1 The need to analyze ecological networks.
J. G. Field, F. Wulff & K H. Mann  3

PART II METHODS AND THEORY

Chapter 2 A detailed guide to network analysis.
J. J. L. A. Graham & R. E. Ulanowicz  15

Chapter 3 Construction of flow networks using inverse methods.
A. F. Vezina  62

Chapter 4 A generic simulation model for treating incomplete sets of data.
R. E. Ulanowicz  84

Chapter 5 Dealing with the "mixed units" problem in ecosystem network analysis.
R. Costanza & B. Harmon  90

PART III APPLICATIONS

Chapter 6 Network information indices with an estuarine model.
J. N. Kremer  119


Chapter 7 Network analysis of simulated succession after an upwelling event.
J. G. Field, C. L. Moloney & C. G. Attwood  132

Chapter 8 Derivation and analysis of flow networks for open ocean plankton systems.
H. W. Ducklow, M. J. R. Fasham & A. F. Vezina  159

Chapter 9 Network analysis of the North Inlet salt marsh ecosystem.
M. L. Asmus & H. N. McKellar, Jr  206

Chapter 10
Analysis of the flow network in an estuarine benthic community.
R. M. Warwick & P. J. Radford  220

Chapter 11 A comparative anatomy of the Baltic Sea and Chesapeake Bay ecosystems.
F. Wulff & R. E. Ulanowicz  232

PART IV DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS

Chapter 12 Network analysis in marine ecology: an assessment
K H. Mann, J. G. Field & F. Wulff  259

INDEX  283