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Neurophysiology and Neuropsychology of Motor Development

Neurophysiology and Neuropsychology of Motor Development

Kevin J. Connolly, Hans Forssberg

ISBN: 978-1-898-68310-0 January 1997 392 Pages


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The central focus of this book is the development of skilled motor actions by children; commonplace but vital actions such as maintaining posture, walking, reaching and grasping, and manipulating objects and tools. It represents a state-of-the art report on motor development linking neurophysiological and neuropsychological approaches. Using examples from both normal and pathological development, contributions study pre and postnatal brain development and its relationship to movement, the importance of fetal movements, postural control in children, the neurobiology of locomotor development, neural mechanisms of grasping and typical patterns of behavioural change. New theoretical developments including adaptive model theory, dynamic systems theory, and the relationship between variability and stability in skill development are also critically reviewed.
1. Brain development and the development of tone and movement J. K. Brown, T. Omar and M. O'Regan; 2. The importance of fetal movements H. F. R. Prechtl; 3. Postural control in children: development in typical populations and in children with cerebral palsy and Down's syndrome D. Matiello and M. Woollacott; 4. Neurobiology of normal and impaired locomotor development H. Forssberg and V. Dietz; 5. Locomotor development in children with cerebral palsy D. Scrutton and P. Rosenbaum; 6. The interaction of muscle maturation with movement and posture J. P. Lin; 7. Development and function of cutaneomuscular reflexes and their pathophysiology in cerebral palsy A. L. Evans; 8. Skilled action and the development of the corticospinal tract in primates R. N. Lemon, J. Armand, E. Olivier and S. A. Edgley; 9. The development of descending motor pathways in children with hemiplegic cerebral palsy: the effects of early brain damage L. J. Carr and J. A. Stephens; 10. Postural adjustments associated with ballistic movements in adult humans P. Ashby, E. Cafarelli and E. Palmer; 11. Development of neural mechanisms underlying grasping in children A. M. Gordon and H. Forssberg; 12. The development of grip patterns in infancy K. M. Newell and P. V. McDonald; 13. Perception in action approach to cerebral palsy D. N. Lee, C. von Hofsten and E. Cotton; 14. Variability and stability in the development of skilled actions E. de J. Manoel and K. J. Connolly; 15. Dynamic systems theory and skill development in infants and children B. D. Ulrich; 16.Adaptive model theory: central processing in acquisition of skill P. D. Neilson, M. D. Neilson and N. J. O'Dwyer.
Critical reviews with new data and theoretical ideas
Unique state-of-the-art report linking neurophysiological and neuropsychological approaches
International team of expert contributors