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Non-Noble Metal Fuel Cell Catalysts

Non-Noble Metal Fuel Cell Catalysts

Zhongwei Chen (Editor), Jean-Pol Dodelet (Editor), Jiujun Zhang (Editor)

ISBN: 978-3-527-66492-4

Apr 2014

448 pages

$169.99

Description

Written and edited by top fuel cell catalyst scientists and engineers from both industry and academia, this is the first book to provide a complete overview of this hot topic. It covers the synthesis, characterization, activity validation and modeling of different non-noble metal electrocatalysts, as well as their integration into fuel cells and their performance validation, while also discussing those factors that will drive fuel cell commercialization.
With its well-structured approach, this is a must-have for researchers working on the topic, and an equally valuable companion for newcomers to the field.
ELECTROCATALYSTS FOR ACID PROTON EXCHANGE MEMBRANE (PEM) FUEL CELLS -
AN OVERVIEW
Introduction
Acid PEM Fuel Cell Background and Fundamentals
Acid PEM Fuel Cell Catalysis for Cathode of O2 Reduction Reaction
Catalyst Challenges and Perspective in Acid PEM Fuel Cells
Conclusion

HEAT-TREATED TRANSITION METAL-NxCy ELECTROCATALYSTS FOR O2 REDUCTION REACTION IN ACID PEM FUEL CELLS
Introduction
Synthesis Approaches for Heat-Treated Me/N/C Catalysts
Important Parameters for Highly Active Me/N/C Catalysts
Nature of the Active Sites
Electrochemical Investigation by RDE/RRDE Methods
Conclusions

MODIFIED CARBON MATERIALS FOR O2 REDUCTION REACTION ELECTROCATALYSTS IN ACID PEM FUEL CELLS
Introduction
Doped Carbon Materials
Doped Carbons as ORR Catalysts
Conclusions

TRANSITION METAL CHALCOGENIDES FOR OXYGEN REDUCTION ELECTROCATALYSTS IN PEM FUEL CELLS
Introduction
Non-Noble Metal Chalcogenide Electrocatalysts for Oxygen Reduction Reaction
Synthesis Methods for Non-Noble Metal Chalcogenices
Oxygen Reduction Reaction on Non-Noble Metal Chalcogenides
Methanol Tolerance
Fuel Cell Measurements
Conclusions

TRANSITION METAL OXIDES, CARBIDES, NITRIDES, OXYNITRIDES, AND CARBONITRIDES FOR O2 REDUCTION REACTION ELECTROCATALYSTS IN ACID PEM FUEL CELLS
Introduction
Transition Metal Nitrides and Carbonitrides as Cathode Catalysts
Stability of Oxides in Acid Electrolyte
Non-Noble Metal Oxide-Based Cathode Catalysts
Conclusions

THEORETICAL MODELING OF NON-NOBLE METAL ELECTROCATALYSTS FOR ACID AND ALKALINE PEM FUEL CELLS
Introduction
Mechanisms of ORR
Simple Metal-N4 Macrocycles
Heat-Treated Transition Metal Nitrogen-Carbon Precursors (M-Nx/C)
Functionalized Graphitic Materials
Conducting Polymers
Outlook

MEMBRANES FOR ALKALINE POLYELECTROLYTE FUEL CELLS
Introduction
Two Main Challenges of APEs
APEs Reported in the Literature
Strategies for Improving the Ionic Conductivity of APE
Efforts of Improving the Chemical Stability of the Cationic Functional Group
Research on the Chemical Stability of APE Backbone
Conclusions and Perspective

ELECTROCATALYSTS FOR ALKALINE POLYMER EXCHANGE MEMBRANE (PEM) FUEL CELLS -
OVERVIEW
Introduction
Alkaline Fuel Cell Overview -
History, Status, and Advantages
Alkaline Fuel Cell and Alkaline PEM Fuel Cell -
Thermodynamics and Kinetics
Silver-Based Materials for Cathode Electrocatalysts in Alkaline PEM Fuel Cells
Catalysts for Oxidation of a Broad Range of Fuels for Alkaline PEM Fuel Cells
Major Challenges of Alkaline Fuel Cells and Alkaline PEM Fuel Cells

CARBON COMPOSITE CATHODE CATALYSTS FOR ALKALINE PEM FUEL CELLS
Introduction
Metal-Free Carbon Catalysts
Heat-Treated M-N-C (M:Fe, Co) Carbon Composite Catalysts
Nanocarbon/Transition Metal Compound Hybrid Catalysts
ORR Mechanism on NPMCs in Alkaline Media
NPMC Cathode Performance in Anion Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell
Summary and Perspective

NON-PRECIOUS METAL OXIDES AND METAL CARBIDES FOR ORR IN ALKALINE-BASED FUEL CELLS
Introduction
Metal Oxides
Perovskite-Type Oxides
Spinel-Type Oxides
Metal Carbides
Conclusion and Outlook

AUTOMOTIVE APPLICATIONS OF ALKALINE MEMBRANE FUEL CELLS
Introduction
History of Alkaline Fuel Cells in Automotive Applications
Fuel Used in Modern Alkaline PEM Fuel Cells in Automotive Applications
Components of an Alkaline PEM Fuel Cell Membrane Electrode Assembly for Automotive Applications
Major Challenges to Overcome in Alkaline PEM Fuel Cells
Conclusion

Index