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Nondigestible Carbohydrates and Digestive Health



Nondigestible Carbohydrates and Digestive Health

Teresa M. Paeschke (Editor), William R. Aimutis (Editor)

ISBN: 978-0-470-96181-0 June 2011 Wiley-Blackwell 352 Pages

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Featuring authors from academia as well as industry, this book provides a broad view of carbohydrates influencing digestive health. Part 1 is a general overview of carbohydrates that function as prebiotics or fermentable carbohydrates. Part 2 is a more in depth examination of specific carbohydrates for digestive health and applications. This book provides an in-depth review and thorough foundation for food scientists, product developers and nutrition scientists seeking to understand the digestive health implications of carbohydrates.

Key features:

  • Analyzes the most active fields of research currently performed on nondigestible carbohydrates
  • Focuses on the growing opportunity to deliver digestive health benefits through fibers and other novel carbohydrates
  • Authors include highly recognized researchers from academe and industry experts
  • Explores new possibilities in prebiotics and fermentable carbohydrates 

Preface ix

Contributors xi

Chapter 1 Introduction to Fiber and Nondigestible Carbohydrates: Definition, Health Aspects, and Perspectives 1
Teri M. Paeschke and William R. Aimutis

Chapter 2 The Gastrointestinal Tract and Its Microflora 15
William R. Aimutis and Kayla Polzin

Chapter 3 The Immunomodulatory Effects of Dietary Fiber and Prebiotics in the Gastrointestinal Tract 37
Marie-Claire Arrieta, Jon Meddings, and Catherine J. Field

Chapter 4 Lower Gut Hormones and Health Effects Associated with Consumption of Fermentable Fibers 79
Michael J. Keenan, Jun Zhou, Reshani Senevirathene, Marlene Janes, and Roy J. Martin

Chapter 5 Animal, In Vitro, and Cell Culture Models to Study the Role of Dietary Fibers in the Gastrointestinal Tract of Humans 97
Trevor A. Faber and George C. Fahey, Jr.

Chapter 6 Impact of Fiber on Gastrointestinal Microbiota 125
Koen Venema

Chapter 7 Fermentable Carbohydrates and Digestive Health 165
Joanne Slavin

Chapter 8 Overview of Dietary Fiber and its Influence on Gastrointestinal Health 185
Devin J. Rose and Bruce R. Hamaker

Chapter 9 Toward Second-Generation Carbohydrate Functional Food Ingredients 223
Robert A. Rastall

Chapter 10 Whole Grains and Digestive Health 245
Isabel Bondia-Pons, Jenni Lappi, Emilia Selinheimo, Marjukka Kolehmainen, Hannu Mykkänen, and Kaisa Poutanen

Chapter 11 Fermentability of Polydextrose, Resistant Maltodextrin, and Other Soluble Fibers: Prebiotic Potential 273
Maria Stewart

Chapter 12 Development and Evaluation Bimuno® a Novel Second-Generation PrebioticGalactooligosaccharide Mixture 295
George Tzortzis

Chapter 13 Concluding Remarks: Gastrointestinal Health and Nondigestible Carbohydrates 313
William R. Aimutis and Teri M. Paeschke

Appendix Nondigestible Carbohydrates: Structure and Sources 321

Index 331