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Nonlinear Microwave Circuit Design

Nonlinear Microwave Circuit Design

Franco Giannini, Giorgio Leuzzi

ISBN: 978-0-470-02068-5

Oct 2004

402 pages



Design techniques for nonlinear microwave circuits are much less developed than for linear microwave circuits. Until now there has been no up-to-date text available in this area. Current titles in this field are considered outdated and tend to focus on analysis, failing to adequately address design and measurement aspects.

Giannini and Leuzzi provide the theoretical background to non-linear microwave circuits before going on to discuss the practical design and measurement of non-linear circuits and components. Non-linear Microwave Circuit Design reviews all of the established analysis and characterisation techniques available and provides detailed coverage of key modelling methods. Practical examples are used throughout the text to emphasise the design and application focus of the book.

  • Provides a unique, design-focused, coverage of non-linear microwave circuits
  • Covers the fundamental properties of nonlinear circuits and methods for device modelling
  • Outlines non-linear measurement techniques and characterisation of active devices
  • Reviews available design methodologies for non-linear power amplifiers and details advanced software modelling tools
  • Provides the first detailed treatment of non-linear frequency multipliers, mixers and oscillators
  • Focuses on the application potential of non-linear components

Practicing engineers and circuit designers working in microwave and communications engineering and designing new applications, as well as senior undergraduates, graduate students and researchers in microwave and communications engineering and their libraries will find this a highly rewarding read.


Chapter 1. Nonlinear Analysis Methods.

1.1 Introduction.

1.2 Time-Domain Solution.

1.3 Solution Through Series Expansion

1.4 The Conversion Matrix.

1.5 Bibliography.

Chapter 2. Nonlinear Measurements.

2.1 Introduction.

2.2 Load/Source-Pull.

2.3 The Vector Nonlinear Network Analyser.

2.4 Pulsed Measurements.

2.5 Bibliography.

Chapter 3. Nonlinear Models.

3.1 Introduction.

3.2 Physical Models.

3.3 Equivalent-Circuit Models.

3.4 Black-Box Models.

3.5 Simplified Models.

3.6 Bibliography.

Chapter 4. Power Amplifiers.

4.1 Introduction.

4.2 Classes of Operation.

4.3 Simplified Class-A Fundamental-Frequency Design For High Efficiency.

4.4 Multi-Harmonic Design For High Power And Efficiency.

4.5 Bibliography.

Chapter 5. Oscillators.

5.1 Introduction.

5.2 Linear Stability and Oscillation Conditions.

5.3 From Linear To Nonlinear: Quasi-Large-Signal Oscillation And Stability Conditions.

5.4 Design Methods.

5.5 Nonlinear Analysis Methods For Oscillators.

5.6 Noise.

5.7 Bibliography.

Chapter 6. Frequency Multipliers and Dividers.

6.1 Introduction.

6.2 Passive Multipliers.

6.3 Active Multipliers.

6.4 Frequency Dividers-The Rigenerative (Passive) Approach.

6.5 Bibliography.

Chapter 7. Mixers.

 7.1 Introduction.

7.2 Mixer Configurations.

7.3 Mixer Design.

7.4 Nonlinear Analysis.

7.5 Noise.

7.6 Bibliography.

Chapter 8. Stability and Injection-locked Circuits.

8.1 Introduction.

8.2 Local Stability Of Nonlinear Circuits In Large-Signal Regime.

8.3 Nonlinear Analysis, Stability And Bifurcations.

8.4 Injection Locking.

8.5 Bibliography.


A.1. Transformation in the Fourier Domain of the Linear Differential Equation.

A.2. Time-Frequency Transformations.

A.3 Generalized Fourier Transformation for the Volterra Series Expansion.

A.4 Discrete Fourier Transform and Inverse Discrete Fourier Transform for Periodic Signals.

A.5 The Harmonic Balance System of Equations for the Example Circuit with N=3.

A.6 The Jacobian Matrix

A.7 Multi-dimensional Discrete Fourier Transform and Inverse Discrete Fourier Transform for quasi-periodic signals.

A.8 Oversampled Discrete Fourier Transform and Inverse Discrete Fourier Transform for Quasi-Periodic Signals.

A.9 Derivation of Simplified Transport Equations.

A.10 Determination of the Stability of a Linear Network.

A.11 Determination of the Locking Range of an Injection-Locked Oscillator.


""…any reader of 'Nonlinear Microwave Circuit Design' will gain insight into the many issues that are blissfully disregarded when using only linear techniques."" (IEEE Microwave Magazine, December 2004)