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North to Aztlan: A History of Mexican Americans in the United States, 2nd Edition



North to Aztlan: A History of Mexican Americans in the United States, 2nd Edition

Arnoldo De Leon, Richard Griswold del Castillo

ISBN: 978-0-882-95243-7 June 2012 Wiley-Blackwell 312 Pages


Contemporary observers often quip that the American Southwest has become “Mexicanized,” but this view ignores the history of the region as well as the social reality. Mexican people and their culture have been continuously present in the territory for the past four hundred years, and Mexican Americans were actors in United States history long before the national media began to focus on them—even long before an international border existed between the United States and Mexico.

North to Aztlán, an inclusive, readable, and affordable survey history, explores the Indian roots, culture, society, lifestyles, politics, and art of Mexican Americans and the contributions of the people to and their influence on American history and the mainstream culture.

Though cognizant of changing interpretations that divide scholars, Drs. De León and Griswold del Castillo provide a holistic vision of the development of Mexican American society, one that attributes great importance to immigration (before and after 1900) and the ongoing influence of new arrivals on the evolving identity of Mexican Americans. Also showcased is the role of gender in shaping the cultural and political history of La Raza, as exemplified by the stories of outstanding Mexicana and Chicana leaders as well as those of largely unsung female heros, among them ranch and business owners and managers, labor leaders, community activists, and artists and writers. In short, readers will come away from this extensively revised and completely up-to-date second edition with a new understanding of the lives of a people who currently compose the largest minority in the nation.

Completely revised, re-edited, and redesigned, featuring a great many new photographs and maps, North to Aztlán is certain to take its rightful place as the best college-level survey text of Americans of Mexican descent on the market today.

Preface and Acknowledgments VII

1 Native American and Spanish Settlements 1

2 The Spanish/Mexican Northern Frontier 20

3 Natives in a Foreign Land 41

4 The Borderlands in Transition 63

5 The New Colonials: Development, Dispersal, and Diversification, 1910—1930 85

6 Communities Under Stress: Depression and War 110

7 Mexican Americans in Postwar America 135

8 Aztlan Rediscovered: The Chicano Movement 158

9 Latinos and the New Immigrants 182

10 The Dilemmas and Promises of the New Millennium 207

11 Community, Diversity, and Culture: Some Conclusions 227

Chronology 233

Glossary 238

Notes and References 243

Bibliographical Essay 271

Index 285

List of Illustrations

List of Tables