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Oligonucleotides as Therapeutic Agents

Oligonucleotides as Therapeutic Agents

Derek J. Chadwick (Editor), Gail Cardew (Editor)

ISBN: 978-0-470-51540-2

Apr 2008

260 pages

Select type: E-Book



The use of oligonucleotides as therapeutic agents rests upon their ability to interfere, in a sequence-specific manner, with the fundamental machinery of protein synthesis either by binding to the mRNAs transcribed from a gene or by binding directly to a target gene. This approach can be used not only for inhibition of the synthesis of host proteins but also of those required by invading pathogens. Potential therapeutic applications are enormous, ranging over hypertension, cardiovascular disease, autoimmune disease, vital and other parasitic infections (especially HIV), and cancer. This book discusses the chemistry and pharmacokinetics of oligonucleotides and their analogues, and surveys the results of structure-activity studies and current clinical trials. It also critically reviews the problems with antisense therapy, such as the enzymatic destruction of oligonucleotides, the doses required for a therapeutic response, the difficulty in directing oligonucleotides to particular target tissues and cells, the need for parenteral administration, and doubts concerning the mechanism of action (especially problems associated with non-specific binding to proteins) and long-term effects.
Partial table of contents:

Oligonucleotide Analogues: An Overview (M. Matteucci).

Discovering Antisense Reagents by Hybridization of RNA to Oligonucleotide Arrays (E. Southern, et al.).

Pharmacokinetics of Oligonucleotides (S. Agrawal & R. Zhang).

Controversies in the Cellular Pharmacology of Oligodeoxynucleotides (C. Stein).

Structure-Activity Relationships in Cell Culture (R. Wagner).

Oligonucleotide Therapeutics for Human Leukaemia (A. Gewirtz).

Exogenous Application of Ribozymes for Inhibiting Gene Expression (F. Eckstein).

Efficient Process Technologies for the Preparation of Oligonucleotides (W. Pieken).

Summary (M. Caruthers).