DescriptionThe purpose of this book is to provide a working knowledge and an exposure to cutting edge developments in operation and control of electric energy processing systems. The book focuses on the modeling and control of interdependent communications and electric energy systems, Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems (MEMS), and the interdisciplinary education component of the EPNES initiative.
1 A FRAMEWORK FOR INTERDISCIPLINARY RESEARCH AND EDUCATION (James Momoh).
1.2 Power System Challenges.
1.2.1 The Power System Modeling and Computational Challenge.
1.2.2 Modeling and Computational Techniques.
1.2.3 New Interdisciplinary Curriculum for the Electric Power Network.
1.3 Solution of the EPNES Architecture.
1.3.1 Modular Description of the EPNES Architecture.
1.3.2 Some Expectations of Studies Using EPNES Benchmark Test Beds.
1.4 Test Beds for EPNES.
1.4.1 Power System Model for the Navy.
1.4.2 Civil Test Bed—179-Bus WSCC Benchmark Power System.
1.5 Examples of Funded Research Work in Response to the EPNES Solicitation.
1.5.1 Funded Research by Topical Areas/Groups under the EPNES Award.
1.5.2 EPNES Award Distribution.
1.6 Future Directions of EPNES.
2 DYNAMICAL MODELS IN FAULT-TOLERANT OPERATION AND CONTROL OF ENERGY PROCESSING SYSTEMS (Christoforos N. Hadjicostis, Hugo Rodríguez Cortés, Aleksandar M. Stankovic).
2.2 Model-Based Fault Detection.
2.2.1 Fault Detection via Analytic Redundancy.
2.2.2 Failure Detection Filters.
2.3 Detuning Detection and Accommodation on IFOC-Driven Induction Motors.
2.3.1 Detuned Operation of Current-Fed Indirect Field-Oriented Controlled Induction Motors.
2.3.2 Detection of the Detuned Operation.
2.3.3 Estimation of the Magnetizing Flux.
2.3.4 Accommodation of the Detuning Operation.
2.4 Broken Rotor Bar Detection on IFOC-Driven Induction Motors.
2.4.1 Squirrel Cage Induction Motor Model with Broken Rotor Bars.
2.4.2 Broken Rotor Bar Detection.
2.5 Fault Detection on Power Systems.
2.5.1 The Model.
2.5.2 Class of Events.
2.5.3 The Navy Electric Ship Example.
2.5.4 Fault Detection Scheme.
2.5.5 Numerical Simulations.
3 INTELLIGENT POWER ROUTERS: DISTRIBUTED COORDINATION FOR ELECTRIC ENERGY PROCESSING NETWORKS (Agustın A. Irizarry-Rivera, Manuel Rodrıguez-Martınez, Bienvenido Velez, Miguel Velez-Reyes, Alberto R. Ramirez-Orquin, Efraın O’Neill-Carrillo, Jose R. Cedeno).
3.2 Overview of the Intelligent Power Router Concept.
3.3 IPR Architecture and Software Module.
3.4 IPR Communication Protocols.
3.4.1 State of the Art.
3.4.2 Restoration of Electrical Energy Networks with IPRs.
3.4.3 Mathematical Formulation.
3.4.4 IPR Network Architecture.
3.4.5 Islanding-Zone Approach via IPR.
3.4.6 Negotiation in Two Phases.
3.4.7 Experimental Results.
3.5 Risk Assessment of a System Operating with IPR.
3.5.1 IPR Components.
3.6 Distributed Control Models.
3.6.1 Distributed Control of Electronic Power Distribution Systems.
3.6.2 Integrated Power System in Ship Architecture.
3.6.3 DC Zonal Electric Distribution System.
3.6.4 Implementation of the Reconfiguration Logic.
3.8 Economics Issues of the Intelligent Power Router Service.
3.8.1 The Standard Market Design (SMD) Environment.
3.8.2 The Ancillary Service (A/S) Context.
3.8.3 Reliability Aspects of Ancillary Services.
3.8.4 The IPR Technical/Social/Economical Potential for Optimality.
3.8.5 Proposed Definition for the Intelligent Power Router Ancillary Service.
4 POWER CIRCUIT BREAKER USING MICROMECHANICAL SWITCHES (George G. Karady, Gerald T. Heydt, Esma Gel, Norma Hubele).
4.2 Overview of Technology.
4.2.1 Medium Voltage Circuit Breaker.
4.2.2 Micro-Electro-Mechanical Switches (MEMS).
4.3 The Concept of a MEMS-Based Circuit Breaker.
4.3.1 Circuit Description.
4.3.2 Operational Principle.
4.3.3 Current Interruption.
4.3.4 Switch Closing.
4.4 Investigation of Switching Array Operation.
4.4.1 Model Development.
4.4.2 Analysis of Current Interruption and Load Energization.
4.4.3 Effect of Delayed Opening of Switches.
4.4.4 A Block of Switch Fails to Open.
4.4.5 Effect of Delayed Closing of Switches.
4.4.6 One Set of Switches Fails to Close.
4.4.7 Summary of Simulation Results.
4.5 Reliability Analyses.
4.5.1 Approximations to Estimate Reliability.
4.5.2 Computational Results.
4.6 Proof of Principle Experiment.
4.6.1 Circuit Breaker Construction.
4.6.2 Control Circuit.
4.7 Circuit Breaker Design.
5 GIS-BASED SIMULATION STUDIES FOR POWER SYSTEMS EDUCATION (Ralph D. Badinelli, Virgilio Centeno, Boonyarit Intiyot).
5.1.1 Case Studies.
5.1.2 Generic Decision Model Structure.
5.1.3 Simulation Modeling.
5.2 Concepts for Modeling Power System Management and Control.
5.2.1 Large-Scale Optimization and Hierarchical Planning.
5.2.2 Sequential Decision Processes and Adaptation.
5.2.3 Stochastic Decisions and Risk Modeling.
5.2.4 Group Decision Making and Markets.
5.2.5 Power System Simulation Objects.
5.3 Grid Operation Models and Methods.
5.3.1 Randomized Load Simulator.
5.3.2 Market Maker.
5.3.3 The Commitment Planner.
6 DISTRIBUTED GENERATION AND MOMENTUM CHANGE IN THE AMERICAN ELECTRIC UTILITY SYSTEM: A SOCIAL-SCIENCE SYSTEMS APPROACH (Richard F. Hirsh, Benjamin K. Sovacool, Ralph D. Badinelli).
6.2 Overview of Concepts.
6.2.1 Using the Systems Approach to Understand Change in the Utility System.
6.2.2 Origins and Growth of Momentum in the Electric Utility System.
6.2.3 Politics and System Momentum Change.
6.3 Application of Principles.
6.3.1 The Possibility of Distributed Generation and New Momentum.
6.3.2 Impediments to Decentralized Electricity Generation.
6.4 Practical Consequences: Distributed Generation as a Business Enterprise.
6.5 Aggregated Dispatch as a Means to Stimulate Economic Momentum with DG.
- Examines and explains the fundamental issues related to control, communications, and social aspects of large-scale electric energy processing systems
- Fills the need for power engineering education on dynamic modeling and control of interdependent electric energy and communications systems
- Provides a working knowledge and an exposure to cutting edge developments in operation and control of electric energy processing systems
- Appeals to a broad audience made up of policy makers, executives and engineers of electric utilities, university faculty members and graduate students as well as researchers working in cross-cutting areas in control theory and its applications, electric power and communications systems, and social sciences