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Optimization of Energy Systems

Optimization of Energy Systems

Ibrahim Dincer, Marc A. Rosen, Pouria Ahmadi

ISBN: 978-1-118-89443-9

May 2017

472 pages

In Stock

$140.00

Description

An essential resource for optimizing energy systems to enhance design capability, performance and sustainability

Optimization of Energy Systems comprehensively describes the thermodynamic modelling, analysis and optimization of numerous types of energy systems in various applications. It provides a new understanding of the system and the process of defining proper objective functions for determination of the most suitable design parameters for achieving enhanced efficiency, cost effectiveness and sustainability.

Beginning with a general summary of thermodynamics, optimization techniques and optimization methods for thermal components, the book goes on to describe how to determine the most appropriate design parameters for more complex energy systems using various optimization methods. The results of each chapter provide potential tools for design, analysis, performance improvement, and greenhouse gas emissions reduction.

Key features:

  • Comprehensive coverage of the modelling, analysis and optimization of many energy systems for a variety of applications.
  • Examples, practical applications and case studies to put theory into practice.
  • Study problems at the end of each chapter that foster critical thinking and skill development.
  • Written in an easy-to-follow style, starting with simple systems and moving to advanced energy systems and their complexities.

A unique resource for understanding cutting-edge research in the thermodynamic analysis and optimization of a wide range of energy systems, Optimization of Energy Systems is suitable for graduate and senior undergraduate students, researchers, engineers, practitioners, and scientists in the area of energy systems. 

 Acknowledgements xiii

Preface xv

1 Thermodynamic Fundamentals 1

1.1 Introduction 1

1.2 Thermodynamics 1

1.3 The First Law ofThermodynamics 2

1.4 The Second Law of Thermodynamics 12

1.5 Reversibility and Irreversibility 14

1.6 Exergy 14

2 Modeling and Optimization 33

2.1 Introduction 33

2.2 Modeling 34

2.3 Optimization 47

2.4 Multi-objective Optimization 51

3 Modeling and Optimization of Thermal Components 65

3.1 Introduction 65

3.2 Air Compressor 66

3.3 Steam Turbine 67

3.4 Pump 68

3.5 Combustion Chamber 73

3.6 Flat Plate Solar Collector 78

3.7 Ejector 81

4 Modeling and Optimization of Heat Exchangers 92

4.1 Introduction 92

4.2 Types of Heat Exchangers 93

4.3 Modeling and Optimization of Shell and Tube Heat Exchangers 96

4.4 Modeling and Optimization of Cross Flow Plate Fin Heat Exchangers 103

4.5 Modeling and Optimization of Heat Recovery Steam Generators 118

5 Modeling and Optimization of Refrigeration Systems 133

5.1 Introduction 133

5.2 Vapor Compression Refrigeration Cycle 134

5.3 Cascade Refrigeration Systems 150

5.4 Absorption Chiller 159

6 Modeling and Optimization of Heat Pump Systems 183

6.1 Introduction 183

6.2 Air/Water Heat Pump System 184

6.3 System Exergy Analysis 186

6.4 Energy and Exergy Results 188

6.5 Optimization 193

7 Modeling and Optimization of Fuel Cell Systems 199

7.1 Introduction 199

7.2 Thermodynamics of Fuel Cells 200

7.3 PEM Fuel Cell Modeling 203

7.4 SOFC Modeling 212

8 Modeling and Optimization of Renewable Energy Based Systems 221

8.1 Introduction 221

8.2 Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) 222

8.3 Solar Based Energy System 241

8.4 HybridWind–Photovoltaic–Battery System 256

9 Modeling and Optimization of Power Plants 275

9.1 Introduction 275

9.2 Steam Power Plants 276

9.3 Gas Turbine Power Plants 283

9.4 Combined Cycle Power Plants 297

10 Modeling and Optimization of Cogeneration and Trigeneration Systems 317

10.1 Introduction 317

10.2 Gas Turbine Based CHP System 321

10.3 Internal Combustion Engine (ICE) Cogeneration Systems 342

10.4 Micro Gas Turbine Trigeneration System 362

10.5 Biomass Based Trigeneration System 381

11 Modeling and Optimization of Multigeneration Energy Systems 398

11.1 Introduction 398

11.2 Multigeneration System Based On Gas Turbine Prime Mover 401

11.3 Biomass Based Multigeneration Energy System 422

Index 447