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Our Energy Future: Resources, Alternatives and the Environment

Our Energy Future: Resources, Alternatives and the Environment

Christian Ngo, Joseph Natowitz

ISBN: 978-0-470-47379-5

Nov 2008

400 pages

Select type: O-Book

Description

A Wiley Survival Guide on our Energy Future

Concerned about our energy future? Turn to this guide for easy-to-grasp and up-to-date coverage of the many aspects of the energy value chain:

  • Oil and natural gas

  • Coal

  • Fossil fuels and the greenhouse effect

  • Energy from water

  • Biomass

  • Solar energy

  • Geothermal energy

  • Wind energy

  • Nuclear energy

  • Electricity

  • Energy storage

  • Transportation

  • Housing

  • Smart energy consumption

  • Hydrogen

Armed with the knowledge in this book, students, teachers, decision-makers, politicians, and consumers can form educated and informed opinions on the future of energy and its impact on the economy, health, and the environment.

Preface.

Acknowledgments.

1. We Need Energy.

1.1. Generalities.

1.2. Always More!

2. Oil and Natural Gas.

2.1. Genesis of Oil and Natural Gas.

2.2. Recovering Oil and Gas.

2.3. Peak Oil.

2.4. Reserves.

2.5. Properties of Hydrocarbons.

2.6. Oil Fields.

2.7. Prices.

2.8. Consumption.

2.9. Electricity Generation.

2.10. Impact on Environment.

2.11. Unconventional Oil and Gas Resources.

2.12. Conclusion.

3. Coal: Fossil Fuel of the Future.

3.1. Genesis of Coal.

3.2. Rank of Coals.

3.3. Classification of Coals.

3.4. Peat.

3.5. Use of Coal.

3.6. Coal Reserves.

3.7. Production and Consumption.

3.8. Electricity Production.

3.9. Coal Combustion for Power Generation.

3.10. Combined Heat and Power Generation.

3.11. Integrated Gasification Combined-Cycle Power Plants.

3.12. Coal-to-Liquid Technologies.

3.13. Direct Coal Liquefaction.

3.14. Indirect Coal Liquefaction.

3.15. Direct or Indirect CTL Technology?

3.16. Carbon Capture and Sequestration.

3.17. Coal Pit Accidents.

3.18. Environmental Impacts.

3.19. Conclusion.

4. Fossil Fuels and Greenhouse Effect.

4.1. Greenhouse Effect.

4.2. Greenhouse Gases.

4.3. Weather and Climate.

4.4. Natural Change of Climate.

4.5. Anthropogenic Emissions.

4.6. Water and Aerosols.

4.7. Global Warming Potentials.

4.8. Increase of Average Temperature.

4.9. Model Predictions.

4.10. Energy and Greenhouse Gas Emissions.

4.11. Consequences.

4.12. Other Impacts on Ocean.

4.13. Factor 4.

4.14. Kyoto Protocol.

4.15. Conclusion.

5. Energy from Water.

5.1. Hydropower.

5.2. Energy from the Ocean.

6. Biomass.

6.1. Producing Biomass.

6.2. An Old Energy Resource.

6.3. Electricity Production.

6.4. Technologies.

6.5. Heat Production.

6.6. Biomass for Cooking.

6.7. Environmental Impact.

6.8. Market Share.

6.9. Biofuels.

6.10. From Well to Wheels.

6.11. Conclusion.

7. Solar Energy.

7.1. Solar Energy: A Huge Potential.

7.2. Thermal Solar Energy.

7.3. Concentrated Solar Power Plants.

7.4. Solar Chimneys or Towers.

7.5. Photovoltaic Systems.

7.6. Electricity Storage.

7.7. Economy and Environment.

7.8. Conclusion.

8. Geothermal Energy.

8.1. Available in Many Places.

8.2. Different Uses.

8.3. Technologies.

8.4. Geothermal Energy in the World.

8.5. Conclusion.

9. Wind Energy.

9.1. Already a Long History.

9.2. From Theory to Practice.

9.3. Development of Wind Power.

9.4. Off-Shore Wind Turbines.

9.5. Conclusion.

10. Nuclear Energy.

10.1. Basics of Nuclear Energy.

10.2. Uses of Nuclear Energy.

10.3. Thermonuclear Fusion.

Appendix.

11. Electricity: Smart Use of Energy.

11.1. Rapid Development.

11.2. Energy Sources for Electricity Production.

11.3. No Unique Solution.

11.4. From Mechanical Energy to Consumer.

11.5. Impact on Environment.

11.6. Cost.

11.7. Conclusion.

12. Energy Storage: Weak Point of Energy Supply Chain.

12.1. Electricity Storage.

12.2. Thermal Energy Storage.

13. Transportation.

13.1. Short History of Transportation.

13.2. Energy and Transportation.

13.3. Road Transportation.

13.4. Ship Transportation.

13.5. Air Transport.

13.6. Car Dynamics.

13.7. Fuels for Road Transportation.

13.8. CO2 Emissions.

13.9. Hybrid Vehicles.

13.10. Electric Vehicles.

13.11. Conclusion.

14. Housing.

14.1. Importance of Housing.

14.2. Towards More Efficient Housing.

14.3. Different Regions, Different Solutions.

14.4. Bioclimatic Architecture.

14.5. Insulation.

14.6. Glazing.

14.7. Lighting.

14.8. Ventilation.

14.9. Water.

14.10. Energy Use in a Household.

14.11. Heat Pumps.

14.12. Impact on Environment.

14.13. Conclusion.

15. Smart Energy Consumption.

15.1. Housing.

15.2. Improving the Way We Consume Energy.

15.3. Cogeneration.

15.4. Standby Consumption.

15.5. Lighting.

15.6. Transportation.

15.7. Conclusion.

16. Hydrogen.

16.1. From Production to Distribution.

16.2. Hydrogen: Energetic Applications.

17. Conclusion.

Exercises.

Solutions.

Bibliography.

Index.

"An overall strong performer and great complementary resource for any course on energy, policy, economics, engineering, or manufacturing." (CHOICE, May 2010)

  • The material can be understood by anyone with a basic scientific background
  • Statistical data for energy production and consumption will be presented in a simple way
  • Simple formulas will allow the reader to make quantitative estimates about energy systems
  • Solutions will be provided at the end of the book
  • Appendices will develop the more advanced concepts used in the book
  • A collection of straight-forward pocket-calculator exercises is included