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Pharmacoepidemiology, 5th Edition

Brian L. Strom (Editor), Stephen E. Kimmel (Editor), Sean Hennessy (Editor)

ISBN: 978-0-470-65475-0 March 2012 Wiley-Blackwell 976 Pages

Editions Previous


Now in its fifth edition, Pharmacoepidemiology defines the discipline and provides the most comprehensive guidance of any book on the topic. Written by world renowned experts in the field, this valuable text surveys the research designs and sources of data available for pharmacoepidemiologic research, and provides descriptions of various automated data systems, along with the advantages and disadvantages of each.  Incorporating perspectives from academia, industry and regulatory agencies, this book provides detailed insights into all aspects of pharmacoepidemiology.
List of Contributors, ix

Preface, xvi

Acknowledgements, xx

PART I Introduction, 1

1 What is Pharmacoepidemiology?, 3
Brian L. Strom

2 Basic Principles of Clinical Pharmacology Relevant to Pharmacoepidemiologic Studies, 23
Jeffrey S. Barrett and Athena F. Zuppa

3 Basic Principles of Clinical Epidemiology Relevant to Pharmacoepidemiologic Studies, 38
Brian L. Strom

4 Sample Size Considerations for Pharmacoepidemiologic Studies, 52
Brian L. Strom

5 When Should One Perform Pharmacoepidemiologic Studies?, 62
Brian L. Strom

PART II The Role of Pharmacoepidemiology in Different Sectors, 71

6 The Role of Pharmacoepidemiology in the Health-Care System and Academia, 73
Jerry Avorn

7 The Role of Pharmacoepidemiology in Industry, 84
Jingping Mo, Nicolle M. Gatto, Rachel E. Sobel, and Robert F. Reynolds

8 The Role of Pharmacoepidemiology in Regulatory Agencies, 107
Gerald J. Dal Pan and Peter Arlett

9 Pharmacoepidemiology and the Law, 117
Aaron S. Kesselheim

PART III Sources of Data for Pharmacoepidemiologic Studies, 135

Section A: Spontaneous Reporting

10 Postmarketing Spontaneous Pharmacovigilance Reporting Systems, 137
Gerald J. Dal Pan, Marie Lindquist, and Kate Gelperin

Section B: Automated Data Systems

11 Overview of Automated Databases in Pharmacoepidemiology, 158
Brian L. Strom

12 Health Maintenance Organizations/Health Plans, 163
Susan E. Andrade, Marsha A. Raebel, Denise Boudreau, Robert L. Davis, Katherine Haffenreffer, Pamala A. Pawloski, Sengwee Toh, and Richard Platt

13 Commercial Insurance Databases, 189
John Seeger and Gregory W. Daniel

14 US Government Claims Databases, 209
Sean Hennessy, Cristin Palumbo Freeman, and Francesca Cunningham

15 Medical Record Databases, 224
Alexis Ogdie, Sinéad M. Langan, John Parkinson, Hassy Dattani, Karel Kostev, and Joel M. Gelfand

16 In-hospital Databases, 244
Brian T. Fisher, Peter K. Lindenauer, and Chris Feudtner

17 Canadian Provincial Databases, 259
Yola Moride and Colleen J. Metge

18 Pharmacy-based Medical Record Linkage Systems, 270
Ron M.C. Herings and Lars Pedersen

Section C: Ad Hoc Studies—Ongoing Systems for Pharmacoepidemiologic Studies

19 Case–Control Surveillance, 287
Lynn Rosenberg, Patricia F. Coogan, and Julie R. Palmer

20 Prescription–Event Monitoring, 301
Deborah Layton and Saad A.W. Shakir

21 Registries, 331
Nancy A. Dreyer and Priscilla Velentgas

Section D: Ad Hoc Studies—De Novo Studies

22 Field Studies, 347
David W. Kaufman

Section E: Choosing Among the Available Alternatives

23 How Should One Perform Pharmacoepidemiologic Studies? Choosing Among the Available Alternatives, 364
Brian L. Strom

PART IV Selected Special Applications of Pharmacoepidemiology, 377

24 Studies of Drug Utilization, 379
David Lee and Ulf Bergman

25 Evaluating and Improving Physician Prescribing, 402
Sumit R. Majumdar, Helene Levens Lipton, and Stephen B. Soumerai

26 Pharmacoepidemiologic Studies of Vaccine Safety, 423
Robert T. Chen, Jason M. Glanz, and Claudia Vellozzi

27 Epidemiologic Studies of Medical Devices: Methodologic Considerations for Implantable Devices, 469
Danica Marinac-Dabic, Sharon-Lise Normand, Art Sedrakyan, and Thomas Gross

28 Studies of Drug-Induced Birth Defects, 487
Allen A. Mitchell

29 Risk Management, 505
Gerald J. Dal Pan, Stella Blackburn, and Claudia Karwoski

30 FDA’s Sentinel Initiative: Active Surveillance to Identify Safety Signals, 534
Judith A. Racoosin, Melissa A. Robb, Rachel E. Sherman, and Janet Woodcock

31 Pharmacoepidemiology and Pharmaceutical Reimbursement Policy, 555
Mitchell Levine and Jacques LeLorier

32 Comparative Effectiveness Research, 561
Brian L. Strom, Rita Schinnar, and Sean Hennessy

PART V Selected Special Methodologic Issues in Pharmacoepidemiology, 581

33 Assessing Causality of Case Reports of Suspected Adverse Events, 583
Judith K. Jones

34 Molecular Pharmacoepidemiology, 601
Stephen E. Kimmel, Hubert G. Leufkens, and Timothy R. Rebbeck

35 Bioethical Issues in Pharmacoepidemiologic Research, 623
Antoine C. El Khoury, Jason Karlawish, Elizabeth Andrews, and Arthur Caplan

36 The Use of Randomized Controlled Trials for Pharmacoepidemiologic Studies, 640
Samuel M. Lesko and Allen A. Mitchell

37 The Use of Pharmacoepidemiology to Study Beneficial Drug Effects, 655
Brian L. Strom and Kenneth L. Melmon

38 Pharmacoeconomics: Economic Evaluation of Pharmaceuticals, 678
Kevin A. Schulman, Henry A. Glick, Daniel Polsky, and Shelby D. Reed

39 Using Quality-of-Life Measurements in Pharmacoepidemiologic Research, 709
Holger Schünemann, Bradley C. Johnston, Roman Jaeschke, and Gordon H. Guyatt

40 The Use of Meta-analysis in Pharmacoepidemiology, 723
Jesse A. Berlin, M. Soledad Cepeda, and Carin J. Kim

41 Validity of Pharmacoepidemiologic Drug and Diagnosis Data, 757
Suzanne L. West, Mary Elizabeth Ritchey, and Charles Poole

42 Studies of Medication Adherence, 795
Trisha Acri and Robert Gross

43 Risk Evaluation and Communication, 810
Susan J. Blalock and Betsy L. Sleath

44 Studying Effects of Antibiotics, 827
Darren R. Linkin and Ebbing Lautenbach

45 The Pharmacoepidemiology of Medication Errors, 840
Hanna M. Seidling and David W. Bates

46 Sequential Statistical Methods for Prospective Postmarketing Safety Surveillance, 852
Martin Kulldorff

47 Advanced Approaches to Controlling Confounding in Pharmacoepidemiologic Studies, 868
Sebastian Schneeweiss and Samy Suissa

PART VI Conclusion, 893

48 The Future of Pharmacoepidemiology, 895
Brian L. Strom, Stephen E. Kimmel, and Sean Hennessy

Appendix A: Sample Size Tables, 904

Appendix B: Glossary, 921

Index, 931

“This book is no surprise. The first four editions were excellent and this one continues that tradition of excellence. This is the only book on pharmacoepidemiology that anyone needs.”  (Doody’s, 10 August 2012)