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Philosophies of the Sciences: A Guide

Philosophies of the Sciences: A Guide

Fritz Allhoff (Editor)

ISBN: 978-1-444-31558-5

Nov 2009, Wiley-Blackwell

368 pages

$31.99

Description

A collection of essays discussing a wide range of sciences and the central philosophical issues associated with them, presenting the sciences collectively to encourage a greater understanding of their associative theoretical foundations, as well as their relationships to each other.
  • Offers a new and unique approach to studying and comparing the philosophies of a variety of scientific disciplines
  • Explores a wide variety of individual sciences, including mathematics, physics, chemistry, biology, psychology, sociology and economics
  • The essays are written by leading scholars in a highly accessible style for the student audience
  • Complements more traditional studies of philosophy of science

Notes on Contributors vii

List of Figures xii

Unit 1: Introduction 1

1 Philosophies of the Sciences 3
Fritz Allhoff

2 Philosophy of Science 9
Richard DeWitt

Unit 2: Philosophy of the Exact Sciences 39

3 Philosophy of Logic 41
Otávio Bueno

4 Philosophy of Mathematics 68
Otávio Bueno

5 Philosophy of Probability 92
Aidan Lyon

Unit 3: Philosophy of the Natural Sciences 127

6 Philosophy of Physics 129
Richard DeWitt

7 Philosophy of Chemistry 163
Joachim Schummer

8 Philosophy of Biology 184
Matthew H. Haber, Andrew Hamilton, Samir Okasha, and Jay Odenbaugh

9 Philosophy of Earth Science 213
Maarten G. Kleinhans, Chris J.J. Buskes, and Henk W. de Regt

Unit 4: Philosophy of the Behavioral and Social Sciences 237

10 Philosophy of the Cognitive Sciences 239
William Bechtel and Mitchell Herschbach

11 Philosophy of Psychology 262
Edouard Machery

12 Philosophy of Sociology 293
Daniel Little

13 Philosophy of Economics 324
Daniel M. Hausman

Index 356

"Philosophies of the Sciences is a collection of clearly written, very informative, high-quality chapters that provide readers with good samples of what the philosophies of the various sciences have to offer." (Acta Biotheoretica, 2011)

 

  • Offers a new and unique approach to studying and comparing the philosophies of a variety of scientific disciplines
  • Explores a wide variety of individual sciences, including mathematics, physics, chemistry, biology, psychology, sociology and economics
  • The essays are written by leading scholars in a highly accessible style for the student audience
  • Complements more traditional studies of philosophy of science