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Philosophy of Language: The Big Questions



Philosophy of Language: The Big Questions

Andrea Nye (Editor)

ISBN: 978-0-631-20602-6 August 1998 Wiley-Blackwell 320 Pages

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This anthology brings together a diversity of readings in the philosophy of language from the ancient Greeks to contemporary analytic, feminist, and multicultural perspectives. The emphasis is on issues that have a direct bearing on concerns about knowledge, reality, meaning, and understanding. A general introduction and introductions to each group of readings identify both the continuities and differences in the way "big" questions in philosophy of language have been addressed by philosophers of different historical periods, institutional affiliations, races, and genders.
General Introduction.

Part I: Language: What is it?:.

1. Language as the Weaving Together of Forms: Plato.

2. The Origins of Language: Jean-Jacques Rousseau.

3. On Words: John Locke.

4. On the Scientific Justification of a Conceptual Notation: Gottlob Frege.

5. The Existential Matrix of Inquiry: John Dewey.

6. Picturing Reality: Ludwig Wittgenstein.

7. Subjectivity in Language: Emile Benveniste.

8. Private Language, Public Languages: Jerry Fodor.

9. The Mark of Gender: Monnique Wittig.

Part II: Meaning: How do Words get their Sense?:.

10. On Sense and Reference: Gottlob Frege.

11. The Principle of Verifiability: A.J. Ayer.

12. Meaning as Use: Ludwig Wittgenstein.

13. Biosemantics: Ruth Millikan.

14. How can Language be Sexist?: Merrill and Jaakko Hintikka.

Part III: Speaking: What is it to Say Something:.

15. Meaning: H.P. Grice.

16. Performative Utterances: John Austin.

17. Verbal Interaction: V.N. Volosinov.

18. Telling as Letting Know: Arindam Chakrabati.

19. He I Sought but did not Find: Luce Irigaray.

Part IV: Reference: what do we Talk About?:.

20. On Denoting: Bertrand Russell.

21. Naming and Necessity (excerpts): Saul Kripke.

22. The Formation of Objects: Michel Foucault.

23. Critically Queer: Judith Butler.

24. 'Worlds' and World Travelling: Maria Lugones.

Part V: Truth: What is the Reaction Between Language and Reality?:.

25. The Semantic Theory of Truth: Alfred Tarski.

26. The Method of Truth in Metaphysics: Donald Davidson.

27. Truth as Coherence: Linda Alcoff.

28. Truth Through Social Praxis: David Theo Goldberg.

29. Are Truth Claims Dysfunctional?: Sandra Harding.

Part VI: Other Minds and Foreign Tongues: How is it Possible to Understand What Someone Else Says?:.

30. The Translation of Unstranslatable Words: Bronislaw Malinowski.

31. Indeterminacy of Translation: W.V. Quine.

32. On the Very Idea of a Conceptual Scheme: Donald Davidson.

33. An American Indian Model of the Universe: Benjamin Whorf.

34. How to Tame a Wild Tongue: Gloria Anzaldua.

35. Language as Boundary: Wole Soyinka.

"Andrea Nye's anthology in the philosophy of language satisfies a need for a textbook that includes writings from historical and the Fregean traditions, many of which have not been included in other anthologies." Don Levi, University of Oregon

"I can scarcely imagine a better primer than this, for an intelligent layperson." The Shetland Times

"What makes this volume distinctive for consideration as a text is its inclusion of papers not readily treated in bread-and-butter philosophy of language courses." C. J. Shields, Choice

* Provides the most diverse range of thinking about language available.

* The question-based approach elicits a philosophical response in the mind of the student; and stimulates discussion across differences.