Part I: From Dualism to Common-sense Functionalism.
1. The Flight from Dualism.
The Issue Between Dualism and Materialism.
Possible Worlds: An Introduction.
2. Behaviourism and Beyond.
The Case for Behaviourism.
Methodological and Revisionary Behaviourism.
Problems for Behaviourism.
The Path to Functionalism via a Causal Theory.
The Causal Theory of Mind.
3. Common-sense Functionalism.
Common-sense Functionalism Expounded.
Interconnections without Circularity.
Behaviour Characterized in Terms of Environmental Impact.
What Does Common Sense Say about the Mind?.
Part II: Rivals and Objections.
4. Theory of Reference.
The Description Theory of Reference.
The Causal Theory.
The Necessary A Posteriori.
5. Empirical Functionalisms.
Common-sense Functional Roles as a Reference-fixing Device.
Chauvinism and Empirical Functionalism.
6. The Identity Theory.
The Identity Theory and Functionalism.
Some Early Objections to the Identity Theory.
Token–Token versus Type–Type Identity Theories.
Essentialism about Psychological States.
7. Four Challenges to Functionalism.
The China Brain.
The Chinese Room.
The Zombie Objection.
8. Phenomenal Qualities and Consciousness.
The Question of Qualia.
Representationalism and Perceptual Experience.
9. Instrumentalism and Interpretationism.
Part III: About Content.
10. The Language of Thought.
The Language of Thought Hypothesis.
The Map Alternative.
What is the Problem of Content?.
The Map Theory.
The Internal Sentence Theory.
Problems for the Map-system Theory.
Problems and Questions for the Internal Sentence Theory.
Connectionism and the Map-system Theory.
13. Broad and Narrow Content.
Deflationism about Broad Content versus Scepticism about Narrow Content.
Part IV: Explaining Behaviour: Eliminativism and Realism.
14. Eliminative Materialism.
The Case for Eliminativism.
The Functionalist Reply to Eliminativism.
Natural Kinds and Scientific Reductions.
15. Psychological Explanation and Common-sense Functionalism.
Three Questions for Common-sense Functionalism.
- A fully revised and updated edition of this popular and respected introduction to philosophy of mind and cognition.
- Updates are designed to keep the volume current, ensuring that the most recent developments in philosophy of mind and cognitive science are covered.
- Revisions respond to feedback from students and teachers and make the volume even more useful for courses.
- New material includes: a section on Descartes’ famous objection to materialism; extended treatment of connectionism; coverage of the view that psychology is autonomous; fuller discussion of recent debates over phenomenal experience; and much more.