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Physics of Semiconductor Microcavities: From Fundamentals to Nanoscale Devices



Physics of Semiconductor Microcavities: From Fundamentals to Nanoscale Devices

Benoit Deveaud (Editor)

ISBN: 978-3-527-61016-7 February 2007 328 Pages

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Electron and photon confinement in semiconductor nanostructures is one of the most active areas in solid state research. Written by leading experts in solid state physics, this book provides both a comprehensive review as well as a excellent introduction to fundamental and applied aspects of light-matter coupling in microcavities.

Topics covered include parametric amplification and polariton liquids, quantum fluid and non-linear dynamical effects and parametric instabilities, polariton squeezing, Bose-Einstein condensation of microcavity polaritons, spin dynamics of exciton-polaritons, polariton correlation produced by parametric scattering, progress in III-nitride distributed Bragg reflectors using AlInN/GaN materials, high efficiency planar MCLEDs, exciton-polaritons and nanoscale cavities in photonic crystals, and MBE growth of high finesse microcavities.

List of Contributors.

1 Fifteen Years of Microcavity Polaritons (Vincenzo Savona).

1.1 Introduction.

1.2 The Past.

1.3 The Present.

1.4 The Future.

1.5 Conclusions.


2 MBE Growth of High Finesse Microcavities (Ursula Oesterle, Ross P. Stanley, and Romuald Houdré).

2.1 Introduction.

2.2 Principles of MBE Growth.

2.3 Characterization and Properties of Vertical Cavity Structure.

2.4 Conclusion.


3 Early Stages of Continuous Wave Experiments on Cavity-Polaritons (Romuald Houdré).

3.1 Introduction (1992).

3.2 First Liquid Nitrogen and RoomTemperature Observation (1993).

3.3 Cavity-Polariton Dispersion Curve (1994).

3.4 Bleaching of the Oscillator Strength (1995).

3.5 Continuous Wave Photoluminescence Experiments (1995–1996).

3.6 Linewidth, Disorder Effects and Linear Dispersion Modelling (1995–1997).

3.7 Rayleigh Scattering (2000).

3.8 Nonlinear Continuous Wave Effects (1999–2000).

3.9 Conclusion.


4 Exciton-Polaritons and Nanoscale Cavities in Photonic Crystal Slabs (Lucio Claudio Andreani, Dario Gerace, and Mario Agio).

4.1 Introduction.

4.2 Mode Dispersion and Linewidths in Photonic Crystal Slabs.

4.3 Exciton-Polaritons in Photonic Crystal Slabs.

4.4 Nanoscale Cavities in Photonic Crystal Slabs.

4.5 Strong Exciton-Light Coupling in Nanocavities.

4.6 Conclusions.


5 Parametric Amplification and Polariton Liquids in Semiconductor Microcavities (Jeremy J. Baumberg and Pavlos G. Lagoudakis).

5.1 Introduction.

5.2 Parametric Scattering at the Magic Angle.

5.3 Local Deformations of the Dispersion: Beyond Pair Scattering.

5.4 Historical Perspective (JJB).


6 QuantumFluid Effects and Parametric Instabilities in Microcavities (Cristiano Ciuti and Iacopo Carusotto).

6.1 Preface.

6.2 Introduction.

6.3 Hamiltonian and Polariton Mean-Field Equations.

6.4 Stationary Solutions in the Homogeneous Case.

6.5 Linearized Bogoliubov-Like Theory.

6.6 Response to a Static Potential: Resonant Rayleigh Scattering.

6.7 Conclusions.


7 Non-Linear Dynamical Effects in Semiconductor Microcavities (Jean-Louis Staehli, Stefan Kundermann, Michele Saba, Christiano Ciuti, Augustin Baas, Thierry Guillet, and Benoit Deveaud).

7.1 Introduction.

7.2 Experimental.

7.3 A Simple Theoretical Model.

7.4 Coherent Control.

7.5 Measurements Resolved in Real Time.

7.6 Conclusions.


8 Polariton Correlation in Microcavities Produced by Parametric Scattering (Wolfgang Langbein).

8.1 Introduction.

8.2 Investigated Sample and Experimental Details.

8.3 Parametric Scattering for a Single Pump Direction.

8.4 Parametric Scattering for Two Pump Directions.

8.5 Polariton QuantumComplementarity by Parametric Scattering.

8.6 Conclusions.


9 Spin Dynamics of Exciton Polaritons in Microcavities (Ivan A. Shelykh, Alexei V. Kavokin, and Guillaume Malpuech).

9.1 Introduction.

9.2 Experimental Results.

9.3 Pseudospin Formalismand Pseudospin Rotation.

9.4 Interplay Between Spin and Energy Relaxation.

9.5 Spin-Dynamics of Polariton–Polariton Scattering.

9.6 Perspective: Toward “Spin-Optronic” Devices.


10 Bose–Einstein Condensation of Microcavity Polaritons (Vincenzo Savona and Davide Sarchi).

10.1 Introduction.

10.2 Bose–Einstein Condensation: Basic Facts.

10.3 Review of Exciton and Polariton BEC.

10.4 Some Considerations on Microcavity Polariton BEC.

10.5 Afterword.


11 Polariton Squeezing in Microcavities (Antonio Quattropani and Paolo Schwendimann).

11.1 Introduction.

11.2 Squeezed States.

11.3 Intrinsic Squeezing of Polaritons.

11.4 Squeezing for Interacting Microcavity Polaritons.


12 High Efficiency Planar MCLEDs (Reto Joray, Ross P. Stanley, and Marc Ilegems).

12.1 Introduction.

12.2 Microcavities.

12.3 Novel Concepts.

12.4 Conclusions.


13 Progresses in III-Nitride Distributed Bragg Reflectors and Microcavities Using AlInN/GaN Materials (Jean-François Carlin, Cristof Zellweger, Julien Dorsaz, Sylvain Nicolay, Gabriel Christmann, Eric Feltin, Raphael Butté, and Nicolas Grandjean).

13.1 Introduction.

13.2 AlInN Alloy: Growth and Characterization.

13.3 Microcavity Light Emitting Diode.

13.4 High Reflectivity DBR and Residual Absorption.

13.5 Epitaxial Microcavities.

13.6 Conclusion.


14 Microcavities in Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Ecole Polytechnique (France) and Elsewhere: Past, Present and Future (Claude Weisbuch and Henri Benisty).

14.1 Introduction.

14.2 The Interplay of Photon and Electron Dimensionalities.

14.3 Looking Backwards: a Short History of Microcavities in Solids.

14.4 The Birth of the Microcavity Effort in Lausanne.

14.5 Why We Like Microcavities!

14.6 The Future: What Are We Looking For?


Subject Index.