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Physiological Measures of Emotion From a Developmental Perspective: State of the Science

Physiological Measures of Emotion From a Developmental Perspective: State of the Science

Tracy A. Dennis, Kristin A. Buss, Paul D. Hastings

ISBN: 978-1-118-45916-4

Jun 2012, Wiley-Blackwell

216 pages

Select type: Paperback

In Stock

$45.95

Description

Beauty has a well-documented impact on labor market outcomes with both legal and policy implications. This monograph investigated whether this stratification is rooted in earlier developmental experiences. Specifically, we explored how high schools' dual roles as contexts of social relations and academic progress contributed to the long-term socioeconomic advantages of being physically attractive. Integrating theories from multiple disciplines, the conceptual model of this study contends that physically attractive youths' greater social integration and lesser social stigma help them accumulate psychosocial resources that support their academic achievement while also selecting them into social activities that distract from good grades. A mixed-methods design, combining statistical analyses of the National Longitudinal Survey of Adolescent Health and qualitative analyses of a single high school, supported and expanded this model. The data revealed that the benefits of attractiveness flowed through greater social integration but were partially offset by social distractions, especially romantic/sexual partnerships and alcohol-related problems. Interview and ethnographic data further revealed that adolescents themselves understood how physical attractiveness could lead to favorable treatment by teachers and classmates while also enticing youth to emphasize socializing and dating, even when the latter took time from other activities (like studying) and marginalized some classmates. These patterns, in turn, predicted education, work, family, and mental health trajectories in young adulthood. The results of this interdisciplinary, theoretically grounded, mixed methods study suggest that adolescence may be a critical period in stratification by physical appearance and that the underlying developmental phenomena during this period are complex and often internally contradictory. The monograph concludes with discussion of theoretical and policy implications and recommendations for future developmental research.

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION TO THE MONOGRAPH: PHYSIOLOGICAL MEASURES OF EMOTION FROM A DEVELOPMENTAL PERSPECTIVE: STATE OF THE SCIENCE

INTRODUCTION TO SECTION ONE: INTEGRATIVE APPROACHES TO THE STUDY OF PHYSIOLOGY AND EMOTION

EEG/ERP MEASURES OF EMOTION–COGNITION INTEGRATION DURING DEVELOPMENT

EMOTION–CORTISOL TRANSACTIONS OCCUR OVER MULTIPLE TIME SCALES IN DEVELOPMENT: IMPLICATIONS FOR RESEARCH ON EMOTION AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF EMOTIONAL DISORDERS

NEW DIRECTIONS IN THE STUDY OF INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES IN TEMPERAMENT: A BRAIN–BODY APPROACH TO UNDERSTANDING FEARFUL AND FEARLESS CHILDREN

INTRODUCTION TO SECTION TWO: SOCIALIZATION AND ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS IN THE PHYSIOLOGY OF EMOTION

PARENT–INFANT SYNCHRONY: A BIOBEHAVIORAL MODEL OF MUTUAL INFLUENCES IN THE FORMATION OF AFFILIATIVE BONDS

DOMESTIC VIOLENCE AND EMOTION SOCIALIZATION

THE IMPORTANCE OF BIOLOGICAL METHODS IN LINKING SOCIAL EXPERIENCE WITH SOCIAL AND EMOTIONAL DEVELOPMENT

INTRODUCTION TO SECTION THREE: PHYSIOLOGY AND AFFECTIVE PSYCHOPATHOLOGY

PHYSIOLOGICAL MEASURES OF EMOTION DYSREGULATION: INVESTIGATING THE DEVELOPMENT OF AFFECTIVE DISORDERS

PHYSIOLOGICAL MARKERS OF EMOTION AND BEHAVIOR DYSREGULATION IN EXTERNALIZING PSYCHOPATHOLOGY

NEUROENDOCRINE REGULATION AND EMOTIONAL ADAPTATION IN THE CONTEXT OF CHILD MALTREATMENT

INTRODUCTION TO SECTION FOUR: OVERARCHING ISSUES AND METHODOLOGICAL CONSIDERATIONS: WHAT CAN PHYSIOLOGICAL MEASURES REVEAL ABOUT EMOTION?

MEASURING THE PHYSIOLOGY OF EMOTION AND EMOTION REGULATION—TIMING IS EVERYTHING

THE HYPOTHALAMIC–PITUITARY–ADRENOCORTICAL SYSTEM AND EMOTION: CURRENT WISDOM AND FUTURE DIRECTIONS

DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY OF EMOTION PROCESSES

ASPECTS OF PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGICAL DATA ANALYSIS: EEG COHERENCY AND fMRI CONNECTIVITY MAPPING

REFERENCES

CONTRIBUTORS

STATEMENT OF EDITORIAL POLICY

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