The beginning: the evolution of plants and the major divisions.
Conquering the land.
The evolution of lignin.
Plants and mass extinction.
Floristic kingdoms, Biogeography and Biomes.
What makes a plant?
Structure of the whole plant.
Structure of the plant cell.
The cell wall.
Chapter 2 Photosynthesis the ultimate in autotrophy.
Light harvesting .
Chlorophyll and the chloroplast.
Converting light energy into chemical energy.
The Calvin cycle.
Carbohydrate synthesis and storage.
The fate of carbon fixed during photosynthesis.
The efficiency of photosynthesis.
Chapter 3 Nonphotosynthetic metabolism.
Structure of the phloem.
Coping with damage to the phloem.
The sink tissues.
Sink regulation of photosynthesis.
Chapter 4 Roots and the uptake of water.
Types of root.
Functions of roots.
Structure of roots.
Loading and movement in the xylem.
Chapter 5 Mineral nutrition of plants.
Soil structure and mineral ions.
General ion uptake.
Phosphorus uptake and assimilation.
Nitrogen uptake and assimilation.
Iron uptake and assimilation.
Sulphur uptake and assimilation.
Function and effects of deficiencies of mineral ions on plants.
Chapter 6 Mycorrhizal Associations and Saprophytic Nutrition.
Vesicular arbuscular mycorrhizal associations.
Orchidaceous mycorrhizal associations.
Development of the mycorrhizal association.
The role of the mycorrhizal association.
Chapter 7 Parasitic plants.
Establishing a parasitic relationship.
Facultative parasitic plants.
Obligate parasitic plants, hemi-parasites.
Obligate parasitic plants, holo-parasites.
Parasitic species other than the dicotyledons.
Chapter 8 Carnivorous Plants.
Carnivory: the search for a definition.
Why have some plants turned to carnivory?
Bladderworts (genus Utricularia).
Sundews (genus Drosera).
Background general reading.
Chapter 9 Asexual and Sexual Reproduction.
Wind based pollination.
Insect based pollination.
Mechanisms for improving cross fertilisation.
Self incompatibility mechanisms.
Chapter 10 Plant growth.
Types of growth.
Cell division and the cell cycle.
Polyploidy in plants.
Seed formation and germination.
The dividing meristem.
Vascular cambium and secondary growth.
Plant growth regulators and cell growth.
Chapter 11 Plant Movement.
Tropism and nastic movements.
Chapter 12 Plants and stress.
Adaptations to drought stress.
Crassulacean acid metabolism.
Flooding stress and anoxia.
Adaptations to heat stress.
Chapter 13 Plant senses and perceiving the world.
Sensing light (sight).
Sensing touch (feeling).
Sensing chemicals (taste).
Sensing sounds (hearing).
Table 1. Ratios of red to far-red light in different environments. The data is based on that reported by Hopkins (1999).
Chapter 14 Seed dispersal, dormancy and germination.
Importance of post-dispersal mechanisms.
Dormancy and germination.
Factors governing dormancy and germination.
Presence of germination inhibitors.
Presence of inhibitory tissues.
Presence of germination promoters.
Chapter 15 Interactions with the Animal Kingdom.
Animal mediated pollination.
Mimicry in plants.
Seed dispersal and food reserves: the role of humans.
Chapter 16 Plant defences.
Physical defence structures.
The cell wall.
The cell wall as a passive barrier.
The cell wall as an active barrier.
Poisons by injection or touch.
Nitrogen-containing organic compounds.
Defence reactions and signal pathways.
Mimicry and the enrolment of other organisms for protection.
Chapter 17 Plants and Medicines.
Doctrine of signatures.
Viper’s bugloss (Echium vulgare).
The origins of aspirin.
The origins of antimalarial drugs.
St John’s Wort (Hypericum spp.).
Natural alternatives to Viagra.
Natural treatments for AIDS.
A cure for certain cancers.
Sustainable development of medicines from plants.
Chapter 18 Plant Tissue Culture and the Rise of Plant Biotechnology.
The development of plant tissue culture media.
Components of the medium.
Plant growth regulators.
Tissue culture sterility.
Types of plant tissue culture.
Applications of plant tissue culture.
Chapter 19 Remarkable Plants.
Insect mimicry in the Orchidaceae.
The Venus Flytrap.
The oldest and biggest plants in the world.
Welwitschia mirabilis and Ephedra viridis.
The Castor bean plant.
Wheat and agriculture.
“Author Peter Scott's approach is to present basic concepts of plant physiology and development in an enthusiastic and engaging manner. Hence, he tries to use his passion for his subject to be an effective teacher, and his enthusiasm is evident throughout the book. One of the clear strengths of this book are the high quality color diagrams. I enjoyed reading … and came away with good ideas for new approaches to teaching topics in plant biology. The book could be useful in a number of courses in botany and plant biology at the freshman and sophomore level.” (Plant Science Bulletin, Winter 2008)
- Based on a successful course that the author has run for several years at Sussex University, UK
- Relates plant biochemistry to plant function
- Printed in four colour throughout
- Includes a wealth of illustrations and photographs that engages the reader’s attention and reinforce key concepts explored within the text
- Presents material in a modern ‘topic’ based approach, with many relevant and exciting examples to inspire the student
- An accompanying web site will include teaching supplements