Skip to main content

Plankton Dynamics of the Southern California Bight

Plankton Dynamics of the Southern California Bight

Richard W. Eppley (Editor)

ISBN: 978-1-118-66923-5

Mar 2013, American Geophysical Union

373 pages

Select type: Online Book

Description

Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Lecture Notes on Coastal and Estuarine Studies Series, Volume 15.

Many of us interested in the oceanography of the coastal waters of southern California fed a strong sense of time passing when we compare the present knowledge and research with K. O. Emery's 1960 book “The Sea off Southern California.” Several volumes would be needed to bring his 1960 book up to date simply because he covered many topics and each has been developed in much greater detail in the meantime.
This book is less ambitious. It is about the plankton and is aimed at advanced students and practitioners in biological and chemical oceanography and marine biology as well as those concerned with environmental studies of the southern California coastal region. It is based primarily on work done from 1974 through 1982 in the Food Chain Research Group, a component of the University of California's statewide Institute of Marine Resources and located on the campus of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography in La Jolla. The book also seeks to present a glimpse of the way biological oceanography was practiced in the 1970's. This time was a period of rapid change in technique and outlook such that it may deserve some consideration by future historians of oceanography. The book is about the way the studies were conducted as well as why they were done and what results were achieved. Yet this is a technical book; there is no information on the personalities or styles of the investigators. The authors are active researchers in oceanography accustomed to reporting their scientific results in scholarly journals. The book is written in this same style. It will be heavy going for readers not accustomed to such impersonal writing. But this is the writing we do best, and we beg your indulgence.

Acknowledgments Ill

About the Authors VI

Preface XIII

Chapter 1. INTRODUCTION TO THE SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA BIGHT
A. F. Carlucci, R. W. Eppley, and J. R. Beers 

I. INTRODUCTION 1

II. STUDIES IN THE SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA BIGHT 2

III. DIFFERENT VIEWS OF THE BIGHT. MAPS OF LANDFORMS VS. A VIEW OF THE PLANKTON
FROM SPACE 4

IV. TOPOGRAPHY OF THE BIGHT 8

V. CLIMATE AND SEASONALITY 9

VI. PLANKTONIC ENVIRONMENTS OF THE SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA BIGHT 10

Chapter 2. PHYSICAL OCEANOGRAPHY OF THE SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA BIGHT
G. A. Jackson

I. INTRODUCTION 13

II. BACKGROUND 14

III. COASTAL CURRENTS 20

IV. DEEPER WATER MOVEMENT 26

V. UPWELLING 31

VI. SOURCES OF WATER 37

VII. CONCLUSION 52

Chapter 3. CHEMISTRY OF THE DISSOLVED AND PARTICULATE PHASES IN THE WATER COLUMN
P. M. Williams

I. INTRODUCTION 53

II. THE DISSOLVED PLUS COLLOIDAL PHASES 58

III. THE SUSPENDED PARTICULATES 71

IV. THE SINKING PARTICULATES 76

V. INTERRELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN DISSOLVED AND PARTICULATE PHASES 79

VI. CONCLUSIONS 82

Chapter 4. ORGANISMS AND THE FOOD WEB
J. R. Beers

I. INTRODUCTION 84

II. MAJOR TAXONOMIC/TROPHIC COMPONENTS OF THE PLANKTON AND THEIR ACTIVITIES 97

III. NEKTON 153

IV. BIRDS, MAMMALS, AND MAN 166

V. BENTHIC-PELAGIC INTERACTIONS 168

VI. SUMMARY AND PROSPECTUS 174

Chapter 5. PRIMARY PRODUCTION IN THE SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA BIGHT
R. W. Eppley, and 0 . Holm-Hansen

I. INTRODUCTION 176

II. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS AND REGULATION OF PHYTOPLANKTON GROWTH 179

III. PHYSICAL PROCESSES AND PHYTOPLANKTON BIOMASS 200

IV. FUTURE WORK 209

Chapter 6. SPATIAL AND TEMPORAL SCALES AND PATTERNS
M. M. Mullin

I. INTRODUCTION 216

II. HORIZONTAL PATTERNS 219

III. VERTICAL PATTERNS AND DIEL VERTICAL MIGRATIONS 240

IV. TEMPORAL PATTERNS 254

V. SPATIAL/TEMPORAL RELATIONS BETWEEN PHYTOPLANKTON AND ZOOPLANKTON 263

VI. DISCUSSION 265

Chapter 7. NUTRIENT CYCLING AND FOODWEB DYNAMICS IN SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA BIGHT: THE MICROBIAL  FOODWEB
F. Azam

I. INTRODUCTION 274

II. ORGANIC FLUXES INTO BACTERIOPLANKTON 276

III. THE FATE OF BACTERIOPLANKTON SECONDARY PRODUCTION 280

IV. FACTORS AFFECTING BACTERIAL GROWTH 281

V. MOFE CBHACATNEISRMIASL ANNUDT RSOIEUNRTCSE S OF PRODUCTION 281

VI. MECHANISMS OF BACTERIAL UPTAKE OF ORGANIC MATTER 281

VII. THE MICROBIAL FOODWEB 284

VIII. CONCLUSIONS 287

Chapter 8. PEOPLE AND THE PLANKTON
R. W. Eppley

I. INTRODUCTION 289

II. CHRONIC INPUTS OF CHEMICALS 290

III. ACUTE INPUTS 301

IV. ANTHROPOGENIC EFFECTS AT LONGER TIME SCALES 301

V. MONITORING THE ""HEALTH "" OF THE

OCEAN THROUGH PLANKTON 302

LIST OF REFERENCES 304

SUBJECT INDEX 353

TAXONOMIC INDEX 368