Chapter 1: Cities in Conflict.
Examines forms of urban conflict over resources, identity and sovereignty leading to a new typology of urban contests that distinguished between ‘pluralist’ and ‘sovereignty’ disputes, with some detailed examples. Also specifies the key theoretical frameworks within which space and place are currently conceived, elucidating the distinctive features of ‘contested space’..
Chapter 2: Multicultural versus Cosmopolitan Urbanism.
Explores contemporary debates about the efficacy of multiculturalism compared to cosmopolitanism, in the context of policies for greater community cohesion and social inclusion. Identifies the links among important components of sustainable cities: addressing ‘the deprived city’; the ‘competitive city’; and the ‘public city’. For instance, in what ways can ‘bonding’ social capital that accentuates solidarity within identity communities impair the requisite common civic purpose for a competitive city? In what ways can the issues of social exclusion overlap with those of inter-communal rivalry and strife, so that interventions to alleviate social deprivation can unintentionally sharpen divides?.
SECTION 2: Collaborative Planning in an Uncollaborative World .
Chapter 3: Managing Divided Cities.
Focuses on policy responses ranging from the benign to the coercive, examining how the operational logic of conflicts reshapes both governance and policy – for instance, the frictions between (1) expanding human rights & democracy and dealing with insurgency; and (2) includes the disaffected and the costs of these interventions to other citizens. The analysis includes an outline of the diseconomies of conflict, and the related stultification of viable development, as an indication of the twin process of regeneration and reconciliation..
Chapter 4: Contested Space: The Failure of Planning.
This chapter explores the extent to which conventional planning models deal with these problems. Can urban planning and policy inadvertently accentuate rather than ameliorate the city conflict? Do planning systems need to be reshaped for conflict situations? Yet, what are the limits of collaborative planning in achieving such objectives?.
SECTION 3: Case Studies: Belfast; Chicago; Jerusalem.
Chapters 5 & 6: New Approaches to Planning Divided Cities.
Following these previous theoretical and discursive sections, this part offers the empirical evidence. Two main case studies, each dealing with two cities. One would be in the context of the UK, comparing Belfast with Leicester, a similar sized English city; and the other would be international, comparing Chicago and Jerusalem. In each of the two case studies, ‘pluralist’ city conflicts (Leicester and Chicago) are compared to ‘sovereignty’ city conflicts (Belfast and Jerusalem caught up in ethno-nationalist disputes). While the UK experience of exclusion and division allows comment on contemporary community cohesion/Islamic fundamentalism issues, the focus on Chicago and Jerusalem allows appraisal of conflict in two cities of global significance. The data for this analysis derives from an international research project on contested cities..
SECTION 4: Conclusions and Ways Forward.
Chapter 7: Rethinking Cosmopolis Amid Increasing Diversity .
This chapter proposes a new model of agonistic planning, more suited to addressing the dilemmas of contested space, and located within an approach to conflict resolution designed to transform rather than manage divided cities..
• focus on impact of government policies will appeal to practitioners in urban management, local government and regeneration
• Examines role of planning in cities worldwide divided by religion, race, socio-economic, etc
• Explores debate about contested space in urban policy and planning
• Identifies models for understanding contested spaces in cities as a way of improving effectiveness of government policy