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Plant Breeding Reviews, Volume 25



Plant Breeding Reviews, Volume 25

Jules Janick (Editor)

ISBN: 978-0-470-65029-5 April 2010 354 Pages

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Plant Breeding Reviews presents state-of-the-art reviews on plant genetics and the breeding of all types of crops by both traditional means and molecular methods. Many of the crops widely grown today stem from a very narrow genetic base. Understanding and preserving crop genetic resources is vital to the security of food systems worldwide.
List of Contributors.

1. Dedication: Stanley J. Peloquin.

Potato Geneticist and Cytogeneticist (Rodomiro Ortiz, Luigi Frusciante, and Domenico Carputo).

2. Politics of Plant Breeding (Cary Fowler and Richard L. Lower).

I. Introduction.

II. Germplasm, Plant Breeding, and the Fight for Rights.

III. The Debate Over Biotechnology.

IV. Plant Breeders’ Choices.

Literature Cited.

3. Doubled Haploids in Genetics and Plant Breeding (Brian P. Forster and William T. B. Thomas).

I. Introduction.

II. Doubled Haploid Technology.

III. Doubled Haploid Populations in Genetics.

IV. Doubled Haploids in Breeding.

V. Prospects.

Literature Cited.

4. Biochemistry and Genetics of Flower Color (R. J. Griesbach).

I. Introduction.

II. Flavonoid Chemistry.

III. Anthocyanin Biosynthesis.

IV. Mendelian Inheritance.

V. Transgene Technology.

Literature Cited.

5. The Influence of Mitochondrial Genetics on Crop Breeding Strategies (Sally A. Mackenzie).

I. Introduction.

II. Structure of the Mitochondrial Genome in Plants.

III. Cytoplasmic Male Sterility.

IV. Occurrence and Developmental Implications of Nuclear-Cytoplasmic Incompatibility.

V. Some Implications of Cytoplasmic Genetics for the Plant Breeder.

Literature Cited.

6. Genetic and Cytoplasmic-Nuclear Male Sterility in Sorghum (Belum V. S. Reddy, S. Ramesh, and Rodomiro Ortiz).

I. Introduction.

II. Genetic Male Sterility (GMS).

III. Cytoplasmic-Nuclear Male Sterility (CMS).

IV. Molecular Characterization of Cytoplasms.

V. DNA Polymorphism and Mapping Restorer Genes.

VI. Factors Influencing CMS Systems Use.

VII. Diversification of CMS Systems.

VIII. Heterosis and Hybrid Development.

IX. Conclusion.

Literature Cited.

7. Improving Drought Tolerance in Maize (T. Barker, H. Campos, M. Cooper, D. Dolan, G. Edmeades, J. Habben, J. Schussler, D. Wright, and C. Zinselmeier).

I. Introduction.

II. Physiology of the Response of Maize Under Drought.

III. Experimental Methods.

IV. Applied Breeding Methods.

V. Molecular Breeding.

VI. Conclusions.

Literature Cited.

8. The Origins of Fruits, Fruit Growing, and Fruit Breeding (Jules Janick).

I. Introduction.

II. The Horticultural Arts.

III. Origin, Domestication, and Early Culture of Fruit Crops.

IV. Genetic Changes and Cultural Factors in Domestication.

Literature Cited.

Subject Index.

Cumulative Subject Index.

Cumulative Contributor Index.