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Plant Breeding Reviews, Volume 3



Plant Breeding Reviews, Volume 3

Jules Janick (Editor)

ISBN: 978-1-118-06108-4 January 2011 454 Pages


Plant Breeding Reviews is an ongoing series presenting state-of-the art review articles on research in plant genetics, especially the breeding of commercially important crops. Articles perform the valuable function of collecting, comparing, and contrasting the primary journal literature in order to form an overview of the topic. This detailed analysis bridges the gap between the specialized researcher and the broader community of plant scientists.

Contributors ix

1 Dedication: Glenn W. Burton

A Maker of Green Pastures 1
Jack Harlan

I. The Productions 2

II. Methodology 5

III. Service and Honors 6

Publications of Glenn W. Burton 7

2 Physiological Genetics of Plant Maturity, Adaptation, and Yield 21
D. H. Wallace

I. Introduction 21

II. Relationships of Maturity and Photoperiod-Temperature to Genetics, Development, Yield, and Adaptation 26

III. Opportunities in Breeding for Maturity 41

IV. The Complex Character of Maturity 49

V. The Flowering Tendency and Its Genetic Direction 53

VI. The Photoperiod Response-Its Environmental Modulations and Genetic Direction 63

VII. Photoperiod x Temperature Interactions 76

VIII. The Vernalization Response and Its Genetic Direction 106

IX. Developmental Stages That Are Influenced by the Physiological Components of Maturity 110

X. Photoperiod-Temperature Modulations of Source-Sink Capacities and Assimilate Partitioning 113

XI. Photoperiod-Temperature Modulations of Endogenous Hormonal Relationships 121

XII. Features of the Genetic Direction and Environmental Modulation of Maturity That Are Common Across Plant Species 123

XIII. Range of Maturity Phenotypes 134

XIV. Procedures for Breeding for Maturity 136

XV. Contrasting Conclusions and Further Needed Physiological-Genetic Interpretations 148

Glossary 157

Literature Cited 158

3 Advances in Chemical Hybridization 169
D. Harold McRae

I. Introduction 170

II. Terminology 170

III. CHA Technology 172

IV. Historical Perspective 173

V. Hybridizing Chemicals 174

VI. Optimum Growth Stage for CHA Applications 182

VII. Site and Mode of Action 183

VIII. Hybrid Vigor 185

IX. CHAs as Breeding Tools 186

X. Alternative Chemical Hybridizing Method Literature Cited 187

4 Protoplast Fusion for Crop Improvement 193
J.E. Bravo and D.A. Evans

I. Introduction 193

II. Methods for Isolation and Fusion of Plant Protoplasts 194

III. Selection of Fusion Products and Verification of Hybridity 198

IV. Barriers to Application of Protoplast Fusion for Crop Improvement 202

V. Cytoplasmic Hybrids (Cybrids) 205

VI. Potentials for Crop Improvement Literature Cited 213

5 Use of Haploids in Breeding Barley 219
T.M. Choo, E. Reinbergs, and K.J. Kasha

I. Introduction 220

II. Advantages and Limitations 221

III. Haploid-Production Systems 223

IV. Chromosome Doubling 228

V. Evaluation of Doubled Haploids for Breeding 229

VI. Evaluation and Development of Breeding Methods 233

VII. Special Breeding Applications 239

VIII. Current Breeding Programs and Results 241

IX. Haploid Quantitative Genetics 242

X. Summary and Conclusions 245

Literature Cited 246

6 Diploid and Polyploid Gametes in Crop Plants: Mechanisms of Formation and Utilization in Plant Breeding 253
Richard Veilleux

I. Introduction 254

II. Mechanisms 260

III. Utilization 274

IV. Conclusions 278

Literature Cited 279

7 Breeding Semidwarf  Soybeans 289
Richard L. Cooper

I. Introduction 289

II. History 290

III. Research Approach 292

IV. Cultivar Releases 297

V. Future Impact 307

Literature Cited 309

8 Breeding Tall Fescue 313
D.A. Sleper

I. Introduction 313

II. Reproduction 315

III. Cytogenetics 316

IV. Breeding 319

V. Summary and Conclusions 337

Literature Cited 337

9 The Genetics and Breeding of Coleus 343
Robert J. Lebowitz

I. Introduction 343

II. Botany 345

III. Genetics 349

IV. Breeding 353

Literature Cited 357

10 The Plant Introduction and Quarantine System of the United States 361
Bruce J. Parliman and George A. White

I. Introduction and History 362

II. Organization of the National Plant Germplasm System 364

III. Plant Quarantine Principles

IV. Plant Quarantine Regulations 373

V. Plant Introduction and Quarantine Methodology 382

VI. Using and Improving the System 409

VII. Conclusion 425

Literature Cited 427

Index (Volume 3) 435

Cumulative Index (Volumes 1 - 3 Inclusive) 437

Contributor Index (Volumes 1 - 3 Inclusive) 443