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Plant Breeding Reviews, Volume 37

Jules Janick (Editor)

ISBN: 978-1-118-49786-9 March 2013 Wiley-Blackwell 392 Pages


Plant Breeding Reviews presents state-of-the-art reviews on plant genetics and the breeding of all types of crops by both traditional means and molecular methods. Many of the crops widely grown today stem from a very narrow genetic base; understanding and preserving crop genetic resources is vital to the security of food systems worldwide. The emphasis of the series is on methodology, a fundamental understanding of crop genetics, and applications to major crops. It is a serial title that appears in the form of one or two volumes per year.

Contributors ix

1. Bikram Gill: Cytogeneticist and Wheat Man 1
W. John Raupp and Bernd Friebe

I. Early Life: Emergence of a Cytogeneticist 2

II. Research 4

III. International Collaborations 23

IV. Educator 24

V. Champion of WheatWorkers 27

VI. The Man 27

VII. Epilogue 29

Acknowledgments 29

Literature Cited 30

2. Synthetic Hexaploids: Harnessing Species of the Primary Gene Pool for Wheat Improvement 35
Francis C. Ogbonnaya, Osman Abdalla, Abdul Mujeeb-Kazi, Alvina G. Kazi, Steven S. Xu, Nick Gosman, Evans S. Lagudah, David Bonnett, Mark E. Sorrells, and Hisashi Tsujimoto

I. Introduction 39

II. Production and Utilization of Synthetic Hexaploid Wheat 42

III. Impact of Synthetic Hexaploid in Wheat Improvement 58

IV. Conclusions and Future Prospects 100

Acknowledgments 105

Literature Cited 105

3. Breeding Early and Extra-Early Maize for Resistance to Biotic and Abiotic Stresses in Sub-Saharan Africa 123
B. Badu-Apraku and M. A. B. Fakorede

I. Introduction 126

II. Development of Breeding Populations 131

III. S1 Recurrent Selection Program for Striga Resistance 146

IV. Adaptation 164

V. Development of QPM Populations and Cultivars 169

VI. Breeding for Combined Tolerance/Resistance to Multiple Stresses in Early and Extra-Early Maize 179

VII. Inbred-Hybrid Development Program 180

VIII. Traits for Indirect Selection for Stress Tolerance/Resistance in Contrasting Environments 188

IX. Future Challenges and Perspectives 193

Acknowledgments 197

Literature Cited 197

4. Almond Breeding 207
Thomas M. Gradziel and Pedro Martýnez-Gomez

I. Introduction 209

II. Botany 211

III. Genetic Diversity 221

IV. Genetic Improvement 226

V. Molecular Approaches 238

VI. Future Progress 248

Literature Cited 249

5. Breeding Loquat 259
Maria L. Badenes, Jules Janick, Shunquan Lin, Zhike Zhang, Guolu L. Liang, and Weixing Wang

I. Introduction 261

II. Germplasm 262

III. Reproductive Physiology 270

IV. Breeding Objectives 275

V. Breeding Methods 276

VI. Future Progress 290

Literature Cited 291

6. Prognostic Breeding: A New Paradigm for Crop Improvement 297
Vasilia A. Fasoula

I. Introduction 298

II. Genetic Components of Crop Yield Potential 303

III. A New General Response Equation 305

IV. Prognostic Equations for Single Plants and Sibling Lines 307

V. The Advantages of Prognostic Breeding 335

VI. The Marriage of Phenotyping with Genotyping 338

VII. Outlook 339

Literature Cited 342

Subject Index 349

Cumulative Subject Index 351

Cumulative Contributor Index 373