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Plant Breeding Reviews, Volume 4

Plant Breeding Reviews, Volume 4

Jules Janick (Editor)

ISBN: 978-1-118-06101-5

Feb 2011

419 pages

Select type: O-Book

Description

Plant Breeding Reviews is an ongoing series presenting state-of-the art review articles on research in plant genetics, especially the breeding of commercially important crops. Articles perform the valuable function of collecting, comparing, and contrasting the primary journal literature in order to form an overview of the topic. This detailed analysis bridges the gap between the specialized researcher and the broader community of plant scientists.

Contributors xi

1 Dedication: Henry M. Munger 1

Vegetable Breeder and Educator
Martha A. Mutschler

Text 1

Publications of Henry M. Munger 7

2 Pollen, Pistil, and Reproductive Function in Crop Plants 9
R. Bruce Knox, Elizabeth G. Williams, and Christian Dumas

I. Introduction 9

II. Pollen 10

III. The Receptive Pistil 21

IV. Pollen-Pistil Interactions 34

V. Potential for Pollen Selection 65

VI. Conclusions 67

Literature Cited 68

3 Mobile Elements in Maize 81
Peter A. Peterson

I. Introduction 81

II. Phenotypic Expression of Mobile-Element-Induced Variegation 85

III. Components and Molecular Structure of Mobile Elements 86

IV. Genetic Determination of Mobile Elements 94

V. Transposition 98

VI. Effects on Gene Expression 102

VII. Origins and Activation of Mobile Elements 104

VIII. Molecular Summary of Mobile Elements 106

IX. Mobile Elements, Evolution, and Crop Improvement 107

X. Concluding Comments 112

XI. Glossary 114

Literature Cited 116

4 Somaclonal Variation in Alfalfa 123
E. T. Bingham and T. J. McCoy

I. Introduction 123

II. Variation among Regenerated Plants 125

III. Managing Somaclonal Variation 145

IV. Conclusions 148

Literature Cited 149

5 Cell Selection for Crop Improvement 153
David R. Duncan and Jack M. Widholm

I. Introduction

II. Tissue Culture and Cell Selection 154

III. Successful Cell Selections 158

IV. Tissue Culture and Cell Selection: An Assessment 165

V. Conclusion 168

Literature Cited 169

6 Oil Palm Improvement via Tissue Culture 175
A. D. Krikorian and Robert P. Kann

I. Introduction 176

II. Conventional Propagation and Improvement 177

III. In Vitro Approaches 180

IV. General Methodology 184

V. Conclusions and Prospects 193

Literature Cited 195

7 Breeding Soybeans for Drought Resistance 203
Oval Myers, Jr., John H. Yopp, and M. R. S. Krishnarnani

I. Introduction 203

II. Morphological Responses to Drought Stress 205

III. Physiological Responses to Drought Stress 210

IV. Biochemical Responses to Drought Stress 214

V. Physical Responses to Drought Stress 219

VI. Germplasm Variability and Heritability 223

VII. Selection for Drought Resistance 225

VIII. Screening Systems for Drought Resistance 226

Literature Cited 232

8 Breeding Common Bean for Yield in Mixtures 245
John Harnblin and Maria Jose de O. Zirnrnerrnann

I. Introduction 246

II. Genetic Implications of Competition in Pure Stands 248

III. Yield of Beans in Mixture with Maize 250

IV. Yield of Beans in Relay Cropping with Maize 256

V. Yield of Beans in Mixtures and Relay Cropped with Maize 257

VI. Effect of Planting Beans before Maize in Mixtures 257

VII. Use of Both Pure Stands and Mixture Performance to Predict Bean Yields 259

VIII. Yield of Segregating Populations of Beans in Pure Stands and in Mixtures with Maize 262

IX. Effect of Beans on the Yield of Maize in Mixtures 264

X. Influence of Plant Habit and Seed Size on Yield of Beans in Mixtures with Maize 264

XI. Effect of Eliminating Low-Yielding Bean Cultivars in Either Pure Stands or Mixtures 265

XII. General Discussion of Results 265

XIII. Breeding Options for Beans That Are to Be Grown in Pure Stands and in Mixtures and/or Relay Cropping with Maize 266

XIV. Concluding Remarks 269

Literature Cited 270

9 Inheritance of Tomato Fruit Quality Components 273
M. Allen Stevens

I. Introduction 274

II. Fruit Solids 275

III. Acidity 286

IV. Carotenoids 289

V. Vitamins 293

VI. Inorganic Constituents 295

VII. Volatile Compounds 297

VIII. Flavor 298

IX. Glycoalkaloids 300

X. Amino Acids 201

XI. Pectic Enzymes 301

XII. Genetic Engineering 303

XIII. Conclusions 305

Literature Cited 306

10  Breeding Sweet Potatoes 313
Franklin W. Martin and Alfred Jones

I. Introduction 313

II. Germplasm Resources 320

III. Reproductive Biology 323

IV. Genetics and Breeding 327

Literature Cited 340

11 Breeding Blight-Resistant Chestnuts 347
C. R. Burnham, P. A. Rutter, and D. W. French

I. Introduction 348

II. Castanea Species 351

III. Pathology 355

IV. Inheritance 357

V. Biochemical Differences 362

VI. Breeding Approaches 363

VII. Sources of Stocks and Hybrids for a Backcross Program 376

VIII. Present Status of the American Chestnut 381

IX. Chinese Chestnut Cultivars for Nut Production 383

X. Breeding Techniques 385

XI. Research Needs 386

XII. Summary and Conclusions 387

Acknowledgments 389

Literature Cited 390

Subject Index 399

Cumulative Subject Index 401

Cumulative Contributor Index 407