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Plant Breeding Reviews, Volume 6



Plant Breeding Reviews, Volume 6

Jules Janick (Editor)

ISBN: 978-1-118-06111-4 January 2011 421 Pages


Plant Breeding Reviews is an ongoing series presenting state-of-the art review articles on research in plant genetics, especially the breeding of commercially important crops. Articles perform the valuable function of collecting, comparing, and contrasting the primary journal literature in order to form an overview of the topic. This detailed analysis bridges the gap between the specialized researcher and the broader community of plant scientists.

Contributors viii

1 Dedication: Warren H. Gabelman--

Horticultural Plant Breeder and Teacher 1
Frederick A. Bliss

2 Application of Isozymes in Plant Breeding 11
Norman F. Weeden

I. Introduction 11

II. Definitions 14

III. History of Methodology 16

IV. Applications: General Variation 18

V. Applications: Genetically Defined Variation 23

VI. Multilocus Analysis 31

VII. Conclusions 39

3 Induced Mutations in Vegetatively Propagated Crops 55
A. M. van Harten and C. Broertjes

I. Introduction 56

II. The Starting Material 61

III. Mutagenic Treatments 66

IV. Practical Examples 72

4 Breeding Guayule 93
Anson E. Thompson and Dennis T. Ray

I. Introduction 93

II. Basic Breeding Information 99

III. Germplasm Resources 112

IV. Breeding 125

V. Conclusions and Summary 155

5 Oat Breeding 167
R. A. Forsberg and H. L. Shands

I. Introduction 167

II. Botany and Genetics 168

III. Breeding Objectives 176

IV. Steps in Cultivar Development 187

V. Breeding Procedures 190

VI. Cultivars 194

VII. Future Prospects and Goals 200

6 Breeding for Insect Resistance in Maize 209
W. D. Guthrie

I. Introduction 209

II. Developing Host Plant Resistance Programs 211

III. Genetics and Breeding 217

IV. Concluding Remarks 232

7 Breeding Red Raspberry for Resistance to Diseases and Pest 245
Elizabeth Keep

I. Introduction 245

II. Virus Diseases 247

III. Mycoplasma Disease 253

IV. Fungal Diseases 254

V. Bacterial Diseases 281

VI. Pests 282

VII. Resistance Breeding Strategies 300

VIII. Achievements and Future Prospects 302

8 Breeding for Improved Yield in Cucumber 323
Todd C. Wehner

I. Introduction 323

II. Yield Trials 328

III. Field Plots 332

IV. Environment 334

V. Considerations in Selection 338

VI. Selection Methods 342

VII. Yield Physiology 345

VIII. Yield Ideotype 346

IX. Summary 353

9 Biparental Inheritance of Organelles and its Implications in Crop Improvement 361
S. E. Smith

I. Introduction 361

II. Patterns of Organelle Inheritance 363

III. Genetics of Organelle Inheritance 380

IV. Organelle Inheritance Patterns and Crop Improvement 383

V. Conclusions 386

Subject Index 395

Cumulative Subject Index 397

Cumulative Contributor Index 405