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Plant Breeding Reviews: The National Plant Germplasm System of The United States, Volume 7

Plant Breeding Reviews: The National Plant Germplasm System of The United States, Volume 7

Jules Janick (Editor)

ISBN: 978-1-118-06112-1

Jan 2011

245 pages

Select type: E-Book



Plant Breeding Reviews is an ongoing series presenting state-of-the art review articles on research in plant genetics, especially the breeding of commercially important crops. Articles perform the valuable function of collecting, comparing, and contrasting the primary journal literature in order to form an overview of the topic. This detailed analysis bridges the gap between the specialized researcher and the broader community of plant scientists.

Contributors viii

Preface 1

1 History and Operation of the National Plant Germplasm System 5
George A. White, Henry L. Shands, and Gilbert R. Lovell

I. Introduction 6

II. History of the National Plant Germplasm System (NPGS) 7

III. Operation of NPGS 18

IV. National and International Interactions 47

V. A Look to the Future 53

Literature Cited 54

2 Information Systems 57
J. D. Mowder and A. K. Stoner

I. Record Keeping and Automation of the National Plant Germplasm System 57

II. A National Information System 59

III. International Germplasm Databases 62

IV. Conclusions 64

Literature Cited 65

3 Plant Exploration 67
Robert E. Perdue, Jr. and Gudrun M. Christenson

I. Introduction 67

II. History of Plant Exploration 68

III. Plant Exploration Office 69

IV. Resources for Planning Explorations 79

V. Proposals 81

VI. Documentation 90

VIII. Health and Safety 92

VII. A Different Culture 91

IX. Conclusion 93

Literature Cited 94

4 Seed Maintenance and Storage 95
R. L. Clark

I. Introduction 95

II. Seed Increase Techniques 96

III. Seed Storage 104

IV. Genetic Considerations 106

Literature Cited 108

5 Maintenance and Storage: Clonal Germplasm 111
M. N. Westwood

I. Introduction 111

II. Policy and Operational Guidelines 113

III. Propagation Techniques 120

IV. Preservation Techniques 120

V. Genetic Considerations 126

Literature Cited 127

6 Long-Term Seed Storage 129
Eric E. Roos

I. Introduction 130

II. Seed Longevity 131

III. Seed Deterioration 138

IV. Conventional Storage Methods 146

V. Cryopreservation 148

VI. Seed Storage Facilities 151

Literature Cited 153

7 Biotechnology and Germplasm Preservation 159
Leigh E. Towill

I. Introduction 159

II. Collection and Acquisition 160

III. Maintenance and Distribution 161

IV. Characterization 174

V. Summary 175

Literature Cited 175

8 Evaluation and Enhancement 183
W. W. Roath

I. Introduction 183

II. Evaluation 184

III. Enhancement 198

IV. Summary 202

Literature Cited 202

Common Abbreviations Used by the U.S. National Plant Germplasm System 213

Subject Index 217

Cumulative Subject Index 221

Cumulative Contributor Index 229