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Plasma Chemistry and Catalysis in Gases and Liquids

Plasma Chemistry and Catalysis in Gases and Liquids

Vasile I. Parvulescu (Editor), Monica Magureanu (Editor), Petr Lukes (Editor)

ISBN: 978-3-527-64954-9

Mar 2013

422 pages

$156.99

Description

Filling the gap for a book that covers not only plasma in gases but also in liquids, this is all set to become the standard reference for this topic. It provides a broad-based overview of plasma-chemical and plasmacatalytic processes generated by electrical discharges in gases, liquids and gas/liquid environments in both fundamental and applied aspects by focusing on their environmental and green applications and also taking into account their practical and economic viability.

With the topics addressed by an international group of major experts, this is a must-have for scientists, engineers, students and postdoctoral researchers specializing in this field.
Preface

AN INTRODUCTION TO NONEQUILIBRIUM PLASMAS AT ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE
Introduction
Coronas and Streamers
Glow Discharges at Higher Pressures
Dielectric Barrier and Surface Discharges
Gliding Arcs
Concluding Remark

CATALYSTS USED IN PLASMA-ASSISTED CATALYTIC PROCESSES: PREPARATION, ACTIVATION, AND REGENERATION
Introduction
Specific Features Generated by Plasma-Assisted Catalytic Applications
Chemical Composition and Texture
Methodologies Used for the Preparation of Catalysts for Plasma-Assisted Catalytic Reactions
Catalysts Forming
Regeneration of the Catalysts Used in Plasma Assisted Reactions
Plasma Produced Catalysts and Supports
Conclusions

NOX ABATEMENT BY PLASMA CATALYSIS
Introduction
General deNOx Model over Supported Metal Cations and Role of NTP Reactor: ""Plasma-Assisted Catalytic deNOx Reaction""
About the Nonthermal Plasma for NOx Remediation
Special Application of NTP to Catalytic Oxidation of Methane on Alumina-Supported Noble Metal Catalysts
NTP-Assisted Catalytic NOx Remediation from Lean Model Exhausts Gases
Conclusions

VOC REMOVAL FROM AIR BY PLASMA-ASSISTED CATALYSIS-EXPERIMENTAL WORK
Introduction
Plasma-Catalytic Hybrid Systems for VOC Decomposition
VOC Decomposition in Plasma-Catalytic Systems
Concluding Remarks

VOC REMOVAL FROM AIR BY PLASMA-ASSISTED CATALYSIS: MECHANISMS, INTERACTIONS BETWEEN PLASMA AND CATALYSTS
Introduction
Influence of the Catalyst in the Plasma Processes
Influence of the Plasma on the Catalytic Processes
Thermal Activation
Plasma-Mediated Activation of Photocatalysts
Plasma-Catalytic Mechanisms

ELEMENTARY CHEMICAL AND PHYSICAL PHENOMENA IN ELECTRICAL DISCHARGE PLASMA IN GAS-LIQUID ENVIRONMENTS AND IN LIQUIDS
Introduction
Physical Mechanisms of Generation of Plasma in Gas-Liquid Environments and Liquids
Formation of Primary Chemical Species by Discharge Plasma in Contact with Water
Chemical Processes Induced by Discharge Plasma Directly in Water
Concluding Remarks

AQUEOUS-PHASE CHEMISTRY OF ELECTRICAL DISCHARGE PLASMA IN WATER AND IN GAS-LIQUID ENVIRONMENTS
Introduction
Aqueous-Phase Plasmachemical Reactions
Plasmachemical Decontamination of Water
Aqueous-Phase Plasma-Catalytic Processes
Concluding Remarks

BIOLOGICAL EFFECTS OF ELECTRICAL DISCHARGE PLASMA IN WATER AND IN GAS-LIQUID ENVIRONMENTS
Introduction
Microbial Inactivation by Nonthermal Plasma
Chemical Mechanisms of Electrical Discharge Plasma Interactions with Bacteria in Water
Physical Mechanisms of Electrical Discharge Plasma Interactions with Living Matter
Concluding Remarks

HYDROGEN AND SYNGAS PRODUCTION FROM HYDROCARBONS
Introduction: Plasma Catalysis
Current State of Hydrogen Production, Applications, and Technical Requirements
Description and Evaluation of the Process
Plasma-Assisted Reforming
Summary of the Results and Outlook