Skip to main content

Polyolefin Reaction Engineering

Polyolefin Reaction Engineering

Joao B. P. Soares, Timothy F. L. McKenna

ISBN: 978-3-527-64694-4

Aug 2012

352 pages

Description

Monomers composed of carbon and hydrogen atoms are the simple building blocks that make up polyolefins - molecules which are extremely
useful and which have an extraordinary range of properties and applications. How these monomer molecules are connected in the polymer chain defines the molecular architecture of polyolefins.

Written by two world-renowned authors pooling their experience from industry and academia, this book adopts a unique engineering approach
using elegant mathematical modeling techniques to relate polymerization conditions, reactor and catalyst type to polyolefin properties.
Readers thus learn how to design and optimize polymerization conditions to produce polyolefins with a given microstructure, and how different
types of reactors and processes are used to create the different products.

Aimed at polymer chemists, plastics technologists, process engineers,the plastics industry, chemical engineers, materials scientists, and company libraries.
PREFACE

INTRODUCTION TO POLYOLEFINS
Introduction
Polyethylene Resins
Polypropylene Resins

POLYOLEFIN MICROSTRUCTURAL CHARACTERIZATION
Introduction
Molecular Weight Distribution
Chemical Composition Distribution
Cross-Fractionation Techniques
Long-Chain Branching

POLYMERIZATION CATALYSIS AND MECHANISM
Introduction
Catalyst Types
Supporting Single-Site Catalysts
Polymerization Mechanism with Coordination Catalysts

POLYOLEFIN REACTORS AND PROCESSES
Introduction
Reactor Configurations and Design
Olefin Polymerization Processes
Conclusion

POLYMERIZATION KINETICS
Introduction
Fundamental Model for Polymerization Kinetics
Nonstandard Polymerization Kinetics Models
Vapor-Liquid-Solid Equilibrium Considerations

POLYOLEFIN MICROSTRUCTURAL MODELING
Introduction
Instantaneous Distributions
Monte Carlo Simulation

PARTICLE GROWTH AND SINGLE PARTICLE MODELING
Introduction
Particle Fragmentation and Growth
Single Particle Models
Limitations of the PFM/MGM Approach: Particle Morphology

DEVELOPING MODELS FOR INDUSTRIAL REACTORS
Introduction