The development of electric power systems has been made up of incremental innovations from the end of the 19th century and throughout the 20th century. The creation of deregulated electricity markets has brought about an emerging paradigm in which the relationships between producers, power system operators and consumers have changed enormously compared to the monopolistic case.
The scope of this book is to provide fundamental concepts of the physics and operation of transmission and distribution lines, which is the content of Part 1, followed by the models and tools for the description and simulation of large electrical grids for steady state and transient operation. These advanced tools allow the physics and technology of power systems to be described and the algorithms of Ybus and Zbus matrices to be built for various studies such as short-circuit studies and load flow or transient phenomena analysis.
Part 3 deals with the new organization concepts in the frame of deregulated markets. In this part the restructuring of the power industry is presented where various actors interact together through market places or bilateral contracts. In addition, the operation of the power grids under this deregulated context is detailed and the relationships between power system operators and market actors (energy producers and providers, traders, etc.) is explained with several examples. The ancillary services, congestion management and grid access concepts are also described.
A large number of exercises and problems disseminated throughout the book with solutions at the end enable the reader to check his understanding of the content at any time.
Part 1. Transmission Lines and Electric Power Networks
1. Two Paradigms of the World Electrical Power System
2. General Information on Electrical Energy
3. Basics of Electrical Power Networks
4. Network Architecture
5. Operation of Electric Lines
6. High Voltage Direct Current (HVDC) Transmission
7. Three-Phase Transmission Lines
8. Electrical Transients in Transmission
Part 2. Analysis Methods of Electrical Power Systems
9. Functions of Electrical Energy Systems
10. Network Representation
11. Formation of Network Matrices
12. Load Flow Calculations
13. Transient Analysis Methods
14. Fault Current Calculations
15. Stability Analysis of Power Systems
Part 3. Management of Electricity Networks in a Competitive Environment
16. Basic Electrical System
17. Liberalization of Energy Markets
18. Description and Models of Energy Markets
19. Ancillary Services
20. Available Transmission Capabilities (ATC)
21. Congestion Management
22. Network Access and Charges
Part 4. Solutions to Exercises and Problems
23. Exercise Solutions