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Practical Inductively Coupled Plasma Spectroscopy

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Practical Inductively Coupled Plasma Spectroscopy

John R. Dean

ISBN: 978-0-470-09350-4 August 2005 208 Pages

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Description

The book provides an up-to-date account of inductively coupled plasmas and their use in atomic emission spectroscopy and mass spectrometry. Specific applications of the use of these techniques are highlighted including applications in environmental, food and industrial analysis. It is written in a distance learning / open learning style; suitable for self study applications. It contains contain self-assessment and discussion questions, worked examples and case studies that  allow the reader to test their understanding of the presented material.
Series Preface.

Preface.

Acronyms, Abbreviations and Symbols.

About the Author.

1. Methodology for trace elemental analysis.

1.1 Introduction.

1.2 Analytical terms and their definition.

1.3 Units.

1.4 Calibration strategies.

1.5 Quality assurance and the use of certified reference materials.

2. Sample preparation for inductively coupled plasma spectroscopy.

2.1 Introduction.

2.2 Aqueous samples.

2.2.1 Liquid-liquid extraction.

2.2.2 Ion exchange.

2.2.3 Co-precipitation.

2.3 Solid samples.

2.3.1 Decomposition techniques.

2.3.2 Microwave digestion.

2.3.3 Dry ashing.

2.3.4 Fusion.

2.4 Extraction procedures.

2.4.1 Single extraction procedures.

2.4.2 Sequential extraction procedures.

2.4.3 Enzymatic digestion procedures.

3. Sample introduction for inductively coupled plasmas.

3.1 Introduction.

3.2 Nebulizers.

3.3 Spray Chambers and desolvation systems.

3.4 Discrete sample introduction.

3.5 Continuous sample introduction.

3.6 Hydride and cold vapour techniques.

4. The inductively coupled plasma and other sources.

4.1 Introduction.

4.2 Inductively coupled plasma.

4.3 Direct current plasma.

4.4 Microwave induced plasma.

4.5 Glow discharge.

5. Inductively coupled plasma - atomic emission spectroscopy .

5.1 Fundamentals of spectroscopy.

5.1.1 Origins of atomic spectra.

5.1.2 Spectral line intensity.

5.1.3 Spectral line broadening.

5.2 Plasma spectroscopy.

5.3 Spectrometers.

5.3.1 Sequential .

5.3.2 Simultaneous.

5.4 Detectors.

5.5 Interferences.

6. Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry.

6.1 Introduction.

6.2 Principle of operation.

6.2.1 Ion source: ICP.

6.3 Interface.

6.4 Mass spectrometer.

6.4.1 Quadrupole mass spectrometer.

6.4.2 Sector field mass spectrometer.

6.4.3 Ion trap mass spectrometer.

6.4.4 time-of-flight mass spectrometer.

6.5 Detector.

6.6 Interferences .

6.6.1 Isobaric interferences.

6.6.2 Molecular interferences.

6.6.3 Remedies for molecular interferences.

6.6.4 Non-spectral interferences: matrix-induced.

6.6.5 Remedies for non-spectral interferences.

6.7 Isotope Dilution Analysis.

6.8 Mass spectral interpretation.

7. Selected applications.

7.1 Forensic Science: Document analysis.

7.2 Industrial Analysis: Coal.

7.3 Clinical / Biological Analysis: Whole blood and urine       .

7.4. Materials Analysis: Gadolinium Oxide.

7.5. Environmental Analysis: Soil .

7.6. Food Analysis: Milk products.

7.7. Pharmaceutical Analysis.

8. Further Information.

8.1 Recording of information in the laboratory.

8.2 Selected resources.

8.2.1 Keeping up-to-date.

8.2.2 Basic understanding of inductively coupled plasma spectroscopy (and related issues)..

Appendix: Self assessment questions and responses.

Responses to Self-Assessment Questions.

Bibliography.

Glossary of Terms.

SI Units and Physical Constants.

Periodic Table.

Index.

"…very well written, very easy to understand…and quite comprehensive in coverage in some of the newer available techniques and procedures." (Applied Spectroscopy, February 2006)
 
  • Self-assessment questions and worked examples.
  • Selected case studies
  • Specific focus on inductively coupled plasmas and their use in atomic emission spectroscopy and mass spectrometry.
  • Methods of sample introduction to inductively coupled plasma covered.
  • Methods of sample preparation.
  • Selected applications in environmental, food, and industrial analysis.