DescriptionThe book provides an up-to-date account of inductively coupled plasmas and their use in atomic emission spectroscopy and mass spectrometry. Specific applications of the use of these techniques are highlighted including applications in environmental, food and industrial analysis. It is written in a distance learning / open learning style; suitable for self study applications. It contains contain self-assessment and discussion questions, worked examples and case studies that allow the reader to test their understanding of the presented material.
Acronyms, Abbreviations and Symbols.
About the Author.
1 Methodology for Trace Elemental Analysis.
1.2 Analytical Terms and their Definitions.
1.4 Calibration Strategies.
1.5 Presentation of Data: Tables.
1.6 Presentation of Data: Graphs.
1.7 Calculations: Dilution Factors.
1.8 Quality Assurance and the Use of Certified Reference Materials.
2 Sample Preparation for Inductively Coupled Plasma Spectroscopy.
2.2 Aqueous Samples.
2.3 Solid Samples.
2.3.1 Decomposition Techniques.
2.4 Extraction Procedures.
3 Sample Introduction Procedures for Inductively Coupled Plasmas.
3.3 Spray Chambers and Desolvation Systems.
3.4 Discrete Sample Introduction.
3.5 Continuous Sample Introduction.
3.6 Hydride and Cold Vapour Techniques.
4 The Inductively Coupled Plasma and Other Sources.
4.2 Inductively Coupled Plasma.
4.3 Direct-Current Plasma.
4.4 Microwave-Induced Plasma.
4.5 Glow Discharge.
5 Inductively Coupled Plasma–Atomic Emission Spectroscopy.
5.1 Fundamentals of Spectroscopy.
5.2 Plasma Spectroscopy.
6 Inductively Coupled Plasma–Mass Spectrometry.
6.1 Fundamentals of Mass Spectrometry.
6.2 Inorganic Mass Spectrometry.
6.2.1 Ion Source: ICP.
6.4 Mass Spectrometer.
6.7 Isotope Dilution Analysis.
6.8 Mass Spectral Interpretation.
7 Selected Applications of Inductively Coupled Plasma Technology.
7.1 Forensic Science: Document Analysis.
7.2 Industrial Analysis: Coal.
7.3 Clinical/Biological Analysis: Whole Blood and Urine.
7.4 Materials Analysis: Gadolinium Oxide.
7.5 Environmental Analysis: Soil.
7.6 Food Analysis: Milk Products.
7.7 Pharmaceutical Analysis.
8 Further Information: Recording of Data and Selected Resources.
8.1 Recording of Information in the Laboratory.
8.1.2 Examples of Data Sheets.
8.2 Selected Resources.
8.2.1 Keeping ‘Up-to-Date’.
8.2.2 Basic Understanding of Inductively Coupled Plasma Spectroscopy (and Related Issues).
Responses to Self-Assessment Questions.
SI Units and Physical Constants.
- Self-assessment questions and worked examples.
- Selected case studies
- Specific focus on inductively coupled plasmas and their use in atomic emission spectroscopy and mass spectrometry.
- Methods of sample introduction to inductively coupled plasma covered.
- Methods of sample preparation.
- Selected applications in environmental, food, and industrial analysis.