Salts and Ions in Water.
Principal Contaminants and Ions in Water and Measurement Methods.
Sources of Water.
Water Quality Regulations—Legal Structure.
Rules and Regulations for Water Quality Control.
Drinking Water Quality Standards: USA and International Standards.
2 Effects of Pollution.
Effluent Toxicity Testing.
Oxygen Depletion—Biochemical Oxygen Demand.
Oxygen Uptake in a Stream—The Oxygen Sag Equation.
Biology of Polluted Water.
3 Flow Measurement.
Review of Open Channel Hydraulics.
Determining Normal and Gradually Varied Flows.
Types of Flowmeters.
4 Sampling and Statistical Considerations.
Errors in Process Measurements.
5 Important Concepts from Aquatic Chemistry.
Common Ion Species.
Most Important Chemicals in the Water Environment.
Chemical Water Softening.
Excess Lime Process.
Metals Removal by Precipitation.
Chromium Reduction and Metals Precipitation.
Silicates in Treatment Systems.
6 Elements of Biological Treatment.
BOD and COD Solids.
Biological Growth Equation.
Biological Growth & the Monod Equation.
Principles of Biological Treatment Systems.
Activated Sludge & Its Varations.
Biological Treatment of Difficult Wastes.
Modeling the Biological Process.
Available Commercial Modeling Tools.
The IWA Models for Activated Sludge.
7 Precipitation and Sedimentation.
Theory of Sedimentation.
Clarifiers and Their Design.
Lamellas and Specialty Devices.
8 Filtration Theory and Practice.
Depth Filters Design: Theory and Practice.
Hydraulics of Filter Washing.
Filter Elements and Design.
Rate of Kill—Disinfection Parameters.
Status of U.S. Drinking Water.
Other Disinfecting Compounds.
10 Nitrogen Removal.
Nitrogen Chemistry and Forms.
Ammonia Toxicity and Nitrogen Loading.
Mixed Media and Attached Growth Systems.
11 Phosphorous Removal.
Biological Phosphorous Removal.
Chemical Phosphorous Removal.
12 Anaerobic Treatment.
Basic Anaerobic Processes.
Anaerobic Digester Model ADM1.
Introduction to Membrane Separations and Microfiltration.
14 Reverse Osmosis.
Mass Transfer Theory.
RO Design Considerations.
15 Carbon Adsorption.
The Freundlich and the Langmuir Equations.
Carbon Adsorption Physical Coefficients and Economics.
16 Ion Exchange.
17 Dissolved Air Flotation and Techniques.
Design Basics for DAF.
18 Coagulation, Flocculation, and Chemical Treatment.
Flocculation and Mixing.
19 Waste Topics.
Blood and Protein.
Metal Plating Wastes.
Phenols and Chemical Plant Wastes.
Small Waste Flows.
""…a teaching and training tool for chemical, civil, and environmental engineers."" (Journal of the American Water Resources Association, October 2006)